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How Safe are Federal Regulations on Occupational Alcohol Use - Essay Example

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Current US Federal regulations on occupational alcohol use for safety-sensitive jobs do not account for impairment from low doses of alcohol and next day effects of heavy drinking. This paper is intended to establish the effects of low doses of alcohol on neurocgnitive behavior…
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How Safe are Federal Regulations on Occupational Alcohol Use
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Download file to see previous pages following budget tables have been presented by CEOs of two different t companies in the transportation, A & B, experiencing occupational alcohol use and the other not experiencing the same respectively. The figures in the tables represent the expenditures expected to be incurred as overheads for the financial year 2011.
Neurocgnitive behaviors are behaviors that are controlled by the central nervous system. They involve conscious and subconscious decisions and reactions by an individual to stimuli in the environment. Occupational behaviors are decisions that are made by an individual in the course of his official duty. They may include decisions that may have significant impact on the overall organization, and even on an individual’s life.
It is important to discuss how alcohol affects the behavior of an individual. In a research done by Zeigler et.al. (2004), the findings were discussed in four main headings namely: 1) the epidemiology of alcohol use in adolescents and young adults; (2) the pharmacology of alcohol; a (3) Pharmacodynamics; and 4) hangover.
A survey carried out by National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) between 1995 and 2000 found that the number of young people aged 12–17 years who first used alcohol increased from 2.2 to 3.1 million. The prevalence of alcohol use increases with age, from 2.6% at 12 years of age to 67% of persons aged 21 years. If this research was done between 1995 and 2000, then it means that the population represented then is now among the American workforce. The report also found that 19% of the represented population represented binge drinkers. This means that a majority of the population take alcohol in low doses. The study also found that chronic diseases are common among alcohol drinkers with the following complications being among them: appetite changes, weight loss, eczema, headaches, and sleep disturbance and Serum enzyme, a major cause of liver damage. The survey further argues that 40% of individuals who ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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