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Michael J. Julius refers to the idea of motivation as, “The act of stimulating someone or oneself to get the desired course of action” (cited in Bagad, 2009, pp.2-39). Besides this general definition, the idea becomes more specific within an organization and referred to be an internal force that directs the behaviors towards achieving organizational goals. It deals with human motive force and desire of competence is considered to be the strongest source of motivation for human action (Bagad, 2009, pp.2-39). Raju and Parthasarathy (2009) support Badad and explain that motivation is considered to be the drive to satisfy a want or goal, and satisfaction is experienced in case of achievement. A person who has low level of motivation for a certain job might be high at satisfaction level, or the reverse (p.153).
According to Moorhead and Griffin, performance at job depends on three factors: motivation, environment and ability. In order to achieve highest level of performance, employee must ‘have an urge to do the job’ (motivation), ability and material resources (environment).Deficiency of even one factor can result in low level of performance and consequently, productivity (cited in Bee, 2009). Motivation in an organization also secures voluntary cooperation from workers. It creates will to work and build confidence among both employees and employers. Understanding motivation has never been simple as it involves complex human emotions and behaviors. There are different human motivation theories and also their various classifications which developed from early approaches and ideas of motivation.
According to Bee (2009), early views about motivation came from the concept of hedonism. Hedonism refers to the idea that people avoid pain and look for comfort and satisfaction. Despite explaining contemporary human ideology, this theory is unable to explain most of human behavior. For
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Thus, effective leaders ought to understand motivation and there are numerous theories of motivation that exist to try and help the managers as well as the leaders to understand the needs as well as goals of their employees in a bid to sustain certain actions while at the same time attempting to stop some unbecoming behaviour
Management the word itself states that individuals need to be brought together and they work towards achieving the common goals of the organisation. Managers perform different functions that include staffing planning, controlling, directing, organising. The role of present day managers has been empowered and different management styles have a different set of impact on the performance of the employees within organisations (Weaver & Farrell, 1997, p.
The quote of Francois de la Rochefoucauld is very much applicable in today’s business world. According to Hill and Jones (2008, pp. 5 – 6), “a company is said to have a competitive advantage over its rivals when its profitability is greater than the average profitability and profit growth of other companies competing for the same set of customers”.
Simon and Enz (1995) assert that motivation is the factor that drives people into choosing a specific and particular job and then continue working at the said company while putting in his or her best effort. Ramlall (2004) also gives another definition of employee motivation as having the will to exert high levels of effort towards organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need.
Motivation has been defined as the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction (Kreitner, 1995); an internal drive to satisfy an unsatisfied need (Higgins, 1994); and the will to achieve (Bedeian, 1993). Motivation is the fuel that drives people towards achieving their goals and objectives (Bhat, 2007 p.
This allows them to influence their followers extensively. A number of theories have been established to shade light on various approaches to leadership. Sheldon (2010) revealed that personal traits, values, principles, goals, skills
As we move towards the top of pyramid, the needs shift from basic to opportunistic. The more stages of necessities a manager provides a worker with, the more the worker feels motivated and his efficiency in the work boosts. The step wise necessities can be seen in
Such theories were drawn from the experiences and practices of early leading entrepreneurs in their course to figure out what often motivates employees in an organisation. For an organisation to achieve
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