At home or at work, motivations determine how things are accomplished, or how successful a human activity may be. When people are motivated, they accomplish many things; for example, in the workplace workers can be very productive when…
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When we do things without enough reason, we are not motivated and the result of that activity is not pleasant and successful. Kanfer (1990) also argues that motivation cannot be seen or felt, that’s why it is termed a hypothetical construct and we see its effects and by-products. An analogy for this is gravity which cannot be seen or felt but we see its effects if we jump from a high building. (Jex, 2002, p. 210)
Motivating employees is a challenge to managers; it is a part of effective management. There are various theories of motivation and there are many ways to motivate employees. One way is to demonstrate trust to employees. This may include removing some controls or asking an employee to create a plan or schedule and be creative, putting subordinates in charge of something one would not normally handle, or giving incentives and raising salaries, and so on.
Motivation is also related with work-life balance – it is a balance for life and what people do. Managers motivate people in order to have blending between work and family life. Work and family with pleasure and fulfilment are impacted by effective motivation. A productive employee can have a balance of life and work – he cannot be productive at work if he has a problem at home. Satisfaction in work and feelings and satisfaction in life and happiness with the family are interrelated.
Moreover, motivation is an important factor in the efficiency of people in an organization. Performance management emphasizes much on motivation. Studies have found that successful managers have stronger power motives than less successful managers. The human need theory asserts that people have urges relative to the three needs which are the need for achievement, the need for affiliation, and the need for power.
Much has been written on motivation and the literature has supplied us with theories of human motivation. These theories are categorized into several types like: 1.) the need-based theories
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This paper sought to compare the three major components to motivation: the biological component, the learned component, and the cognitive component and develop an example that illustrates motivation from each of these components. The paper will also compare and contrast the biological and psychological reasons that people eat.
Thus, effective leaders ought to understand motivation and there are numerous theories of motivation that exist to try and help the managers as well as the leaders to understand the needs as well as goals of their employees in a bid to sustain certain actions while at the same time attempting to stop some unbecoming behaviour
It is basically the study of human behavior regarding different situations, i.e., how a person or a group of person react while facing a particular kind of situation. By studying the behaviorism, human psychology can be well understood effectively. Hence by studying a variety of cases, psychologists become able to drive a generality about human behavior & find the ways of treatment of different psychological problems.
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES Name Institution Course Instructor Date According to Constantine (1998, p54), a group is a collection of people who are brought together in a coherent unit to perform a well defined obligation. Individuals in a group have regular contacts and time to time interaction, mutual coexistent, and they work together for a common goal.
Regulating behaviour has become the key to organizational success in the turbulent business environment today. Employee motivation has direct impact in firm performance and hence managers must evaluate what motivates employees. However, people are moved to act by different factors which have given rise to different definitions and theories of motivation.
Motivation has been defined as the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction (Kreitner, 1995); an internal drive to satisfy an unsatisfied need (Higgins, 1994); and the will to achieve (Bedeian, 1993). Motivation is the fuel that drives people towards achieving their goals and objectives (Bhat, 2007 p.
In all self theories, the definition of a person is from a perspective that places importance to the role of life experiences in the development of a personality. This implies that self theorists analyze an individual’s character from the
There are a number of theories that try to explain the psychological processes and circumstances that could motivate human beings. The three theories that are put into consideration include; Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs,
All the above mentioned theories have the common principle that the social environment an individual grows up in causes and motivates them to engage in criminal behavior. The different social environments also determine whether the individual will be a
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