This research aims to evaluate how an organizational structure and culture adopted by an organization can influence its success and present factors that could contribute to, and/or prevent, team development at an organisation of your choice and discuss how the use of technology might affect team performance…
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The paper tells that one of the earliest structures used in organisations is the functional method. In this type, the organisation is divided into sectors or departments; each department has a particular specialism or function. The advantage for this type of structure is that the organisation can achieve effectiveness and success in pursuing its goals with the different departments having their separate functions. These departments or sections can enhance their expertise, while the workers are specialists in their own field.Another important advantage is that there is no duplication of functions. For example, in a car manufacturing plant like that of Toyota, they have different field of specialisation for each department – one works for engine specialisation, another group works for the other components, while another section works on the assembly of the Toyota car. There are disadvantages to this type of structure. The departments can have a narrow specialisation that may hinder the workers’ knowledge of their organisation. Another disadvantage that must be quickly looked into is the possible existence of an inter-departmental rivalry. The key is for the organisation to determine if the rivalry can result into good intentions or attain success for the organisation. There can be slow lines of communication on this type of structure, but a modification can remedy the situation. Information Technology can provide the answer.
Structure: Functional and Geographic Approaches
Toyota Motors with its many branches worldwide has carried the traditional method up to this day although there may be some modifications. This company brings up to this day a family tradition of car making and traditional business. It uses the functional structure in the sense that the company is divided into departments, each with its own function and specialty. But it also uses the geographical approach considering that it is now a large organisation.
Toyota is our choice organisation because it is a successful international firm that provides independence to its subsidiaries abroad. Its operation uses the geographical based approach while each independent subsidiary has a functional structure. The subsidiaries attain some kind of autonomy but also reports to the main headquarters in Japan. The United States branch of Toyota is under an independent management that allows quick responses whenever local branches and shops need help to solve local problems. It also allows tailoring of operations depending on local culture, such as language, customs, and laws and regulations. (Toyota, 2011)
Toyota has been on the forefront of car making because of an effective strategic and operational management coupled with an efficient and competitive workforce. Their strategies involve innovations in production, marketing, sales and promotions, and branding. But to top it all, it has been able to handle knowledge management like it is a part of ordinary business. These strategies are applied to every branch despite their individual independence.
In the 1950s Toyota was only a small company, averaging 18,000 vehicles per year. As years passed on, management perfected the so-called Toyota Production System – this is the Japanese way, a means of achieving mass production efficiencies with small volumes. Toyota expanded to become export-oriented and began to open
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What factors might influence the development of an organisation’s ‘culture’? The term culture and organisational culture is growing extensively across organisations. Cultures as such define a group of people and helps differentiate the people of the group with similar identify.
Spinney Lebanon has grown steadily over the years. It started with two shops in 1967 but they were closed down due to the Lebanon war (Spinneys History para 1). Spinneys was reopened in Lebanon in 1998 after the company started operating a hypermarket in the country (Spinneys History para 3).
This team of employees will be different from one another because they could have come from different backgrounds and could have different mindset on certain issues or many issues. Unison of these different workers under a single roof like organization to accomplish the set objectives could be difficult task, with differences and dissension raising its ugly head.
This kind of hierarchical structure generally follows a top down approach for normal functioning and can be seen in most of the corporate organisations, government bodies and organised religions. This type of organisational structure consists of many levels of management and power of authorities.
It includes the nature of the varied layers of the hierarchy, centralization of authority and horizontal integration. The multi dimensional aspect of the organization includes the work division specialization, departmentalization and decentralization. Organizational structure includes standardization, flexibility and formalization which help in facilitation of communication procedure.
According to various surveys and research, it has been found out that traditional hierarchical structures are more suitable and easily adapted in smaller enterprises. In the present business environment, a strict and traditional top down approach or traditional hierarchy is difficult to follow.
Answer Taylorism is the scientific management theory that evaluate and blends workflow of the employees. The theory is proposed by Frederick Winslow Taylor, Father of Scientific Management. Its main objective is to improve economic efficiency giving emphasis on labour productivity.
tivation within Organizations during Change Process 9 3.2 Motivation in Workplace 9 3.3 Usefulness of Motivation by the Managers within the Workplace 10 4.1 The nature of groups and group behavior within these organizations 11 4.2 Factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in these organizations 11 4.3 Evaluate the impact of technology on the team functioning within one of these organizations.
The understanding of the consumer behaviour allows companies to take proper marketing decision relating to the design, promotion, pricing, positioning and packaging of product. The organisations are focusing on new and
It can be viewed as the way in which responsibilities and power are allocated to the different individuals within an organization and how work process are carried out by the employees. It is the defined as the internal pattern of authority, communication and
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