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An illness has wider social implications and refers to the personal experience while a disease is a malfunctioning diagnosed by a qualified health practitioner as suggested by Davey and Seale (2002). The negative approach is dominant over the positive approach and has implications on health measurement since it indicates health in a negative perspective by measuring how unhealthy the population is. Social surveys including the General Household survey (GHS) research on health matter giving unbiased analysis. Health matters vary in many ways according to sex, age, social classes, ethnic groups, location and the social structure. There are multiple factors affecting health and inequality including socio-economic, physical environment and psychological factors.
Unequal access to proper transport has adverse implications on social mobility and this determines access to health services and education. According to reports lack of access to a vehicle is the main transport factor affecting exclusion of the low-income group. It is stated that transport provision and cost may act as a hindrance to access to health facilities which leads to poor health among the excluded people. A Social Exclusion Review Unit studied the problems associated with access to health care and the impact of traffic on marginalized communities. Levels of exclusion are associated with economic status of individuals, age and geographical location and affect both urban and rural inhabitants’ lack of money, physical immobility and timings and routing of public means of transport.
There is a positive relationship between ownership of proper housing and the affordability of quality health services by an individual. This is affected by the income of an individual and affects other factors including education of the individual. Proper housing has evidence of positive health choices and development of attitudes and aspirations for the
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(“POVERTY-NO MONEY-DEPRIVATION,LACK OF RESOURCES IN UK Essay”, n.d.)
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(POVERTY-NO MONEY-DEPRIVATION,LACK OF RESOURCES IN UK Essay)
“POVERTY-NO MONEY-DEPRIVATION,LACK OF RESOURCES IN UK Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1569414-poverty-no-money-deprivationlack-of-resources-in-uk.
In his book, Understanding Poverty, Alock also discusses poverty and ways in which the British government has made efforts in reducing it by initiating strategies that improve citizen’s lives. Mantle and Blackworth recommend that social workers should be directly involved in reducing and fighting poverty in the society.
Different researchers have opined that the increasing level of poverty and inequality in the Britain are creating significant level of negative impacts upon the people’s health, mainly affecting the children and the older people. Various material impacts, such as poor level of diet, damp housing in some places of the country, scarcity of places for the children to play, higher level of unemployment across the country and proper or well-structured access to well-resourced health services are negatively affecting these people’s health status (Smith, 2001, pp.59-60).
This is precisely what Amartya Sen attempts to do in his book Development as Freedom. It is an attempt to look at development not just through increases in figures of growth but also through an actual increase in the general welfare of the people who are a part of a particular nation state.
The means and ways of eradicating poverty are now widely researched and studied in various academic fields such as religion, economics, sociology, ethics, and theology. Globally, disparities between the poor and the rich even in the most resourceful nations are increasing sharply.
Poverty and Social Exclusion
This present essay deals with the issues of poverty and social exclusion. In particular, its main objective is to clearly define or establish the true meaning of poverty and what it entails. Secondly, the essay will seek to establish how poverty differs from social exclusion.
In carrying out these objectives, social workers are influenced by views and practices upheld within the greater society as well as particular to their workplace, profession, school, and background. To act in an ethical and effective manner, social workers need to identify the assumptions underlying these views and practices and to gauge their consequences in diverse groups and settings.
Particularly, it also addresses the issues of needs affecting the users of the different social services such as poverty, old age, health, disability, as well as family policy. Moreover, social policy is also concerned in the delivery of the welfare that the social services could provide the society.
Despite the attention poverty statistics receive from policy-makers and the broader public, there is remarkably little consensus among social scientists on how best to measure the condition.
There are, of course, numerous ways to define the low-wage labor market.
In the last section I have attempted a comparison between West Africa and Britain, both in terms of child poverty as well as the distinct character of the kind of poverty and the interventionist responses that they require and have elicited so far.