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Public Health:Promoting health and wellbeing - Obesity - Essay Example

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Public health: Promoting health and wellbeing – Obesity Abstract The growing obesity epidemic is becoming a global issue, contributing to numerous health concerns and is associated with a short lifespan. It is estimated that over 50% of the public in developed countries will be obese by the year 2050 (McPherson, Marsh, & Brown, 2007)…
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Download file to see previous pages The nursing community is essential in bridging the gap between clients and their health, thus training and techniques would be the most effective at the nursing level, which the following paper will address, including associated health problems, treatment, and the various factors that contribute to obesity. What is obesity? The definition of obesity has changed over the years, and now includes different categories, ranging from obese to super-super obese, with body mass indexes (BMI) ranging from 40 to 60 (Leykin et al., 2006). As a reference, for an individual to be considered in the “healthy” range, their BMI is under 25. There are many factors that contribute to obtaining the BMI used in determining the level of obesity, including gender, age, height, and weight of the individual. Additionally, obesity can be determined by taking waist measurements, with a circumference over 35 inches (88 cm) for women, and 40 inches (102 cm) for men, as an indication of possible obesity-related issues being present (Alpert, 2009). However, it is important to note that some body types may fall within the “obese” range as defined by the two aforementioned measurements, but are not classified as obese due to lean muscle mass and body fat percentage (Romero-Corral et al., 2008). In general terms, obesity is an overabundance of fatty, or adipose tissue, caused by a positive energy balance, or an intake of energy (in the form of calories from food) that is in excess of what the body needs to sustain life and support activity level (Lake, 2011). Obesity once had a useful purpose, when food was scarce and the energy reserves found in stored body fat could provide sustained nourishment during the times of famine (Haslam, 2007). A robust and full figure was signs of wealth, indicating that there was an abundance of food. However, times have changed and food is more than plentiful, with a wide range of options, including a growing number of poor nutrient choices. We no longer face uncertainty regarding access, thus humans are in essence fighting against evolutionary instincts, further hampering the pursuit of health (Haslam, 2007). Health implications of obesity While the aesthetic aspect of obesity is easy to see, there are many health issues that are associated with obesit ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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