In this essay, the researcher will look first at the way social inequality is measured, then at the evidence for the impact of social inequality on health and what numerous reports say about measures that should be taken to improve health inequalities…
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This research will begin with the statement that since 1980, a series of government-funded reports have provided abundant evidence of the effects of social inequality on health inequalities. These reports include the Black Report, which outlines health inequality evidence by indicating that the risk of death for people of lower occupational classes was much higher than that of higher occupational classes at every stage of life. The other report is the health divide report, which claims that life expectancy differs between boys and girls and that girls live longer than boys do. Other reports like the Marmot report claims that the gap of health disparities between the rich and the poor is widening, and it offers suggestion on measures to be taken with an aim of improving health services, and policies. Health disorders are a result of numerous factors. To begin with, diet or food plays a major role in causing illnesses because the food is daily basis consumption. The health divide report claims that poor individuals in Britain eat poor diets and junk food that eventually cause health complications and obesity. In addition, lack of exercise causes health problems because the body becomes extremely rigid and inactive. Stress is another major contributor to bad health. This is so because people tend to exhaust their brains trying to solve their daily issues, which in turn lead to depression, insanity, and other health complications. Additionally, environmental and social factors affect people’s health....
This is usually the case because most workers encounter harmful substances and dangerous machinery. Ideally, lifestyle choices lead people to unfavorable health conditions. Alcohol, cigarettes and drugs are the most common adapted trends that have affected billions of people’s health (Cockerham, 2007). Statistics by the health divide depicts that men in a higher social class are four times more likely to be exposed and die of lung cancer than men in the low social class, and women from the top social class are three and half more times likely to die of coronary heart diseases than women in the low social class. Measuring social class Health inequality has classified individuals in socio-economic groups such as ethnicity, gender and social class (Braveman, 2012). However, the most common trend that hinders equal health distribution is social class. Social class is a result of numerous aspects that include education, occupation and wealth. In most cases, people from higher occupation belong to higher social class, for instance managers and individuals who work for the white color jobs are incomparable to skilled and casual workers. This gap extends to the health service opportunities where the lower class individuals do not access health services appropriately when compared to the higher social class. This means that people in lower social-economic groups are more exposed to chronic health and die earlier compared to individuals of a higher social economic group, or in other words, peoples’ health varies according to every other aspect of life (Smith, 2003). Research on health and class revealed that mortality and morbidity relate with an individual’s social class (Giddens & Griffiths, 2006). Britain’s Black Report
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This is for the reason that health condition among individuals is influenced by a wide array of factors. Some of these factors are biological while the others arise from the social and economic conditions (Farrell, McAvoy, Wilde and Combat Poverty Agency, 2008: 13).
The health divide has amplified by 4% with men and by 11% with women. Not mainly evident amongst groups of diverse socio-economic classes, health inequalities subsist amid people of different genders, ethnic communities, geographical areas, the elderly, and those individuals with less cognitive and physical functions (“Health Inequalities: A Third Report of Session 2008-09” par.
Economic, as well as social conditions and their effects on lives of the people, determine their risks of illness, as well as the actions taken in preventing them from becoming ill. Some examples of health inequalities between various countries include the infant mortality rates that are 3 per 1000 live births in China and over 130 per 1000 live births in Kenya, and the lifetime risks of the maternal deaths during after pregnancy is 2 in 18,300 in Sweden, but it is 2 in 9, in Afghanistan (Amir, Z.
Social inequalities lead to variations in access to resources, labor, education, heath, and political representation. There have been many views and arguments on social inequality in America. In addressing these discrepancies in discussing social inequalities in America, this paper will consider the input of three readings.
Name:xxxxxxxxxxxx Professor:xxxxxxxxxx Institution:xxxxxxxxxx Course:xxxxxxxxxxxxx Date:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Introduction Health inequalities are avertible and unfair variances in health position experienced by definite population sets. Health inequalities are not solitary obvious amid persons of diverse socio-economic groups; they happen between sexes and diverse indigenous groups.
Health inequality is more rampant between individuals from financially poor backgrounds, as there are no adequate resources to treat them and when they are present, they are prohibitively expensive for them. This essay will discuss the social determinants of health and how the cause inequalities, providing points for and against the proposition that health inequality are as a result of social inequalities.
The Government has launched the most comprehensive programme ever mounted to tackle health inequalities. In July 2003 Tackling Health Inequalities: A Programme for Action, was published by the Department of Health with the support of 11 other government departments.
The over all performance of the population on health index has seen remarkable improvement. Life expectancy level has been improved to the level of one of the best in the world and the dreaded diseases have almost vanished with pro active and preventive approach of the government as well as the society.
Globalisation is seen by many as primarily economic facts involving the increasing interaction or integration of national economic systems through the growth in international trade, investment and capital flow. However, one can also point to a rapid increase in cross-border social, cultural and technological exchange as part of the occurrence of globalisation (Giddens, 1990).
To perform online business, the seller creates a website where s/he posts the items for sale targeting the buyers (Oestges, 2011). Use of current internet in mobile phones is the most effective way of edging competition. A mobile site would
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