The data for 1841 shows that life expectancy at birth was 40.2 years and 42.2 years for men and women respectively. In 1948 this was 66.4 years and 71.2 years respectively. In 2000, values were 75.6 years…
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nditions of the poor and the rich differed notably in the UK(Office of National Statistics, 2007).Many socio-economic aspects can explain health inequalities. Not only poor people live less long than the rich people, but also they have more years of poor health. There is also inequality in access to health. The young and able-bodied people receive better treatment than theold and disabled people (BBC News, 2009).In UK one of most important health challenges existing today is diabetes.By 2011 the number of people affected by the problem of diabetes islikely to reach to 5 million (Diabetes and the disadvantaged: reducing health inequalities in the UK, 2006, p. 5). Almost half of these people are from disadvantaged community, who do not have adequate access to the appropriate care.
Life expectancy at birth for men and women in all the social classes has increased from 1972-2006. Over the years mortality gap has been widened amongst social classes (Office of National Statistics, 2007).Death proportions for both the men and women have increased overtime. This is also true for children and adults. Improved living conditions, availability of healthcare and other factors have caused the infant mortality rate to fall significantly (Health Inequalities in the UK, 2009, 14).
One can define health inequalities in two different ways. One is absolute and the other is relative. By subtracting one figure or rate from another, we get absolute inequalities and by dividing one number or rate by another, we get relative inequalities.Socio-economic class is the only cause of measuring health inequalities in England.There are many other dimensions of measuring health inequalities, which are also very important (Ihsan& Ahmad, 1993).
There are differences of health among ethnic groups. In 2001 Chinese men and women in England and Wales reported the lowest frequencies of both poor health and restricting long-term ailment, while Pakistani and Bangladeshi men and women recounted the
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The research reflected on the social factors that result in mental disorders like depression. This is primarily because the social factors like poverty or unemployment affects those sections of human beings who are poor and are part of a lower socioeconomic status. Thus their stressful life leads to mental disturbances resulting in mental disorders or illnesses.
Sociology plays an important role in chronic illnesses as it documents the issues of uncertainty as pertains to the chronic illness, doctor patient relationships, management of the symptoms and treatment modalities. The prototype chronic illness that this essay will be committed to delineating the sociological aspects of will be diabetes.
As Bury (1997) preached that a person acquiring optimal health associates in having a good life and losing it over illness endangers one’s sense of security pushing the experts to think of solutions for prevention and cure of these ailments. From birth to death, health is affected by all things that are enclosed within our own society (Nettleton 2006) and its culture towards health and illness determines one’s survival and life course.
Developments in technology and health care services are changing the field of mental health nursing.Post World War II, health services have begun to realize the need to revolutionize the treatment of mental illness. Concurrent researches in the fields of psychology and sociology have revealed the importance of mental health and the programs that promote and support those.
Mental illnesses are still stigmatized in contemporary society, in spite of a general increase in awareness about such diseases as depression and anxiety. Even the very term “mental illness” has a negative connotation to it as opposed to “physical illnesses”. The
Some consider these people affected by mental illnesses to be enrichments to their lives, as they give certain people the chance to express their caring and nurturing natures, while others see these people as hindrances to
It is often considered that an individual who possesses a good mental health condition has a good wellbeing emotionally as well as socially and are even able to cope up with various challenges and changes.