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Pelayo was elected by his Visigothic nobles before becoming king of Asturias and Pepin the Sort was also elected by his Frankish nobles so as to become the first Carolingian king (Wedgewood 29-36). In the Holy Roman Empire, the King of the Romans was selected by the college of prince electors from the late Middle Ages until 1792 when the last election took place (Wedgewood 29-36). The Church in the West left electoral power exclusively to the College of Canons of the Cathedral Church. In the case of the Pope, selection is left to the exclusive authority of the College of Cardinals since 1059. Currently, the United States of America is the best illustration of a society that uses the Electoral College System to indirectly elect the president and the vice president (Sabato 20-35).
Framers of the Unites States’ Constitution devised the Electoral College as procedure to indirectly elect the president by the people. The Constitutional Convention came up with so various methods of selecting the president which included selection of the president by the Congress; selection of the president by the State Legislature; selection of the president through direct popular vote (Kolodny 45-65). These procedures were rejected for various reasons such as threats of power bargaining and corruption (Longley and Pierce 12-17). Finally, the convention settled for the indirect method of election of the president through the Electoral College and this procedure was stipulated in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States (Kolodny 45-65). The article on the Electoral College has undergone several amendments in 1880, 1804 (12th Amendment) and in 1876. The last amendment to the Electoral College was made through the 23rd Amendment which gave the District of Columbia the right to vote for three electors just as the residents of other states
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(“Electoral College Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
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(Electoral College Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Electoral College Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1569341-electoral-college.
In the electoral vote, each state in the union receives the number of electoral votes equal to the number of its members to Congress, which varies considerably depending on that state’s particular population. States with large populations, like California and Texas, thus receive a greater share of the electoral vote than smaller states, like Rhode Island and Delaware.
Each state has a varying number of electors, and each state has different legislation on how these are elected, as specified by the US Constitution. 48 states (excluding Nebraska and Maine) elect their representatives in a winner-takes-all manner, meaning that the elector with the most votes becomes the elector with no representative for the losing competition.
However, only two states held the election in 1789 these were Maryland and Pennsylvania. Each elector had two votes for the office the president. The majority winner become president and the runners up was automatically the vice president. The twelfth amendment requires one vote for vice president and one for president by the electors also known as the Electoral College.
4. The College has advantaged and disadvantages. The major disadvantage being that people really do not have full power over the candidate who is elected, they are voting in order for the electors to vote, but they do not have to vote the way of their state.
The Electoral College is an irregularity of the American democracy. The United States is in effect alone in entrusting the determination of its President to a small, largely anonymous group of individuals, rather than to its citizen voters. Before moving ahead to defining the system we must understand what Electoral College is and how it developed.
This essay discusses that if the electoral college system is replaced by a simple majority system then the whole election system should be modified – a nationalized body of government officials to be introduced with which the threat of ‘major fraud’ boosted up following some statistical data about fraud by federal officials.
The citizens of the United States will vote for the electors that will also vote for the President (What is Electoral College).
The electoral college was established due to two reasons. The primary purpose of the electoral college is to make a buffer between the President selection and the population.
According to the research findings, though the Electoral College is not perfect, the system has significantly tried to curb and solve many challenges that are experienced when conducting elections. To mention among the many problems, bribing, corruption among the officials and even other misconduct during elections, have been in a fabulous way been dealt with appropriately.