Name Electoral College System in the United States After the United States of America break from the British monarchical leadership, the free white citizens with property of the country had power and authority to elect their leader. At this time, the states had the power to choose their elector who had the responsibility of electing the president…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
The amendment provides room for the electoral process in case the electors failed to choose the president by majority. Each state had a number of electors that were same as the number of the state representatives in the upper and lower houses of the legislature. In 1969, the District of Columbia gets for the first time number of elector equal to the least populous state elector’s by the 23rd Amendment. The electors person's choice is from the states they represent by a populous vote that translates to the presidential candidate they favor in the end. There have been many attempts to change the system, but none has been useful. The states organize the elector’s elections where congress determines the dates. Some of the attempts that have been successful include Nebraska and Maine give two votes to the overall winner in the states and one vote for congressional district winner. The system of the presidential election termed as Electoral College system establishment is in the year 1804 after the 12th amendment of article II of the constitution. The main factors that influenced the creation of the system were to ensure that each state gets a fair say in who is their president. The electors were the rich land owners of the time and had to be white. To create a solution should any of the candidates fail to get a win of 270 populous elector’s votes. This scenario arises when the electors who pledge to vote for a given candidate vote otherwise as they are not bound to their promise by the constitution. The House of Representatives resolves this stalemate. The pros of the system include it enhances national cohesion in the country and ensures that distributing the populous president decision all over the country. The system also ensures that there is political stability by enhancing the two political party system (Bickel. 56). The people against the system argue that the system provides a leeway for a candidate to win the nationwide election and lose the electoral vote. The critics justify their argument by the events that happened in the year 2000 when republican George Bush lost the populous vote and went ahead to win the electoral vote. His opponent Al Gore won the populous vote but, lost the electoral vote. In the end Bush, become the president. The critics say the system gives a leeway to election of a minority leader. They argue President George W. Bush was a minority leader but went ahead to gevern the country four those four years. This leader will not protray the Nation's free will as a few individuals that have a free will on whom to elect into office elected him into office. The minority leader increases the risk of dividing the nation into half. Most of the people will not have faith into his leadership regime. This may trigger mass protest and derail the economy of the nation. Critics point to the possibility that the Electoral College discouraging voter turnout in many states. Critics’ argue since the college has the mandate to elect the president then, the voters may after all leave the decision to the college and boy court elections. This will be a big setback in democracy as people will feel to be denied their constitutional mandate to elect the leader of their choice. Many republicans in the current states where they rule are aiming to change Electoral College
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The Electoral College is an irregularity of the American democracy. The United States is in effect alone in entrusting the determination of its President to a small, largely anonymous group of individuals, rather than to its citizen voters. Before moving ahead to defining the system we must understand what Electoral College is and how it developed.
Each state has a varying number of electors, and each state has different legislation on how these are elected, as specified by the US Constitution. 48 states (excluding Nebraska and Maine) elect their representatives in a winner-takes-all manner, meaning that the elector with the most votes becomes the elector with no representative for the losing competition.
In the electoral vote, each state in the union receives the number of electoral votes equal to the number of its members to Congress, which varies considerably depending on that state’s particular population. States with large populations, like California and Texas, thus receive a greater share of the electoral vote than smaller states, like Rhode Island and Delaware.
members of an electoral college are simply people whose wisdom would provide a better and informed choice than a larger body (Longley and Pierce 12-17). It is fallacious that the Electoral College system begun with the United States of America (Moore 254-256). The Germanic law
4. The College has advantaged and disadvantages. The major disadvantage being that people really do not have full power over the candidate who is elected, they are voting in order for the electors to vote, but they do not have to vote the way of their state.
The citizens of the United States will vote for the electors that will also vote for the President (What is Electoral College).
The electoral college was established due to two reasons. The primary purpose of the electoral college is to make a buffer between the President selection and the population.
This essay discusses that if the electoral college system is replaced by a simple majority system then the whole election system should be modified – a nationalized body of government officials to be introduced with which the threat of ‘major fraud’ boosted up following some statistical data about fraud by federal officials.
According to the research findings, though the Electoral College is not perfect, the system has significantly tried to curb and solve many challenges that are experienced when conducting elections. To mention among the many problems, bribing, corruption among the officials and even other misconduct during elections, have been in a fabulous way been dealt with appropriately.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
with a personal 20% discount.