Unit 4 db mgmt - Essay Example

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Decision Support System is an application that is used by companies to provide well analyzed and designed results to the users to help make informed decisions (Marakas, 2002). The main difference between Decision Support System (DSS) and Management Information Systems (MIS) is…
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Running Head: UNIT 4 DB MANAGEMENT Unit 4 DB Management Submitted by: XXXXXXXX Number: XXXXXXX XXXXXX of XXXXXXX of Submission: XX – XX – 2010
Decision Support System is an application that is used by companies to provide well analyzed and designed results to the users to help make informed decisions (Marakas, 2002). The main difference between Decision Support System (DSS) and Management Information Systems (MIS) is that the MIS is a system or process that is used by companies to gain complete information that is needed to manage the organization effectively. MIS mainly deals with people, technology and procedures that can be improved to solve business problems (Marakas, 2002). The DSS however, is a computer application and this involves knowledge based systems which help in better overall decision making. The DSS has four main components which include: a) User Interface, b) Database, c) Models and Analytical Tools, d) Architecture and network of DSS. The DSS contain a effective user interface, which is generally used by the decision makers to gain complete information from the database to make informed decisions. The database is used to save all the high quality information and to keep track of all the available data. Also, DSS uses mathematical models and tools that mainly relate to the supply chain activities.
One of the best examples of the use of the decision support systems include that of Frito Lays, which used the DSS to develop hand held computers which was given to the route sales individuals to collect data from all the sales transactions. Also this helped the company keep a centralized control system although making the decision making decentralized (Power, 2002). This change to the company was a turning point and helped the company improve in the overall working.
Marakas, G. M. (2002). Decision Support Systems (2nd Edition). Prentice Hall.
Power, D. J. (2002). Decision support systems: concepts and resources for managers. Greenwood Publishing Group. Read More
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