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There have been a significant number of literatures covering the nature, theories and applications of leadership and its effect to job performance and satisfaction. The diverse patterns of behavior and actions that leaders exhibit over a period of time and perceived by followers have been identified as the dominant style of leadership. This style is developed utilizing an interplay of factors which shape leadership development.
In this regard, the essay is written to proffer challenges of leading groups in a criminal justice organization. Particularly, a description of the challenges currently faced by criminal justice leaders would be included in the discourse; as well as predictions of the challenges that will be faced over the next 5 years.
Leadership is the process of influencing people to work or act towards the attainment of specifically defined goals (Martires & Fule 2000: 569). “Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal” (Northouse, 2004). Authors Lussier & Achua (2004) define leadership as “the influencing process of leaders and followers to achieve organizational objectives through changes”. And Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn (2008, 243) state leadership as “the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives”.
All authors share the same conviction who perceived leadership as a process of influencing others. Further, all authors conform to the following factors as relevant components of the leadership process: (1) influencing people; (2) towards the achievement of a goal. There is the component of influence by exerting the ability to develop and communicate that vision to a group of people who would make that vision come true.
According to McKinney (2008, par. 1),
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The erroneous use of these two words interchangeably to refer to the same thing arises from the fact that both of them refer to a large collection of people or things. Below are the definitions of the two words and the different contexts in which they apply.
Groups and Teams The study of group behavior in organizational management and development has continued to play a crucial role in teambuilding. Group behavior is studied by management endeavor where people show relationships between members and between leaders that determine the effectiveness in achieving organizational goals.
The study of group behavior has a long tradition among social sciences in various disciplines. Common interests and goals bind members of a group that moves towards its achievement through frequent activities and interactions among them.
These organizations today are frantically looking fro newer and newer ways to tackle the ever increasing complexity of crimes. The recent years witnessed a considerable change in the criminal justice and related fields due to the sophisticated nature of crime committed by international crime organizations and terrorists.
This brings to mind an understanding that the performance management system focuses more on how to deliver value and bring about serious inputs for the organizational folds through incisive details and elaborate studies. This is indicative of how well the human resources management department has shaped up its actions and how adequately sound the comprehensions will be within the organizational settings.
The behavior of group members effect the development of organization, positive attitudes would reflect positive effects on the success graph of organization and vice versa. To conclude, group dynamics is an important development in the study of Psychology, it explains how and why human behavior changes in different situations.
In most cases, patients who have dual disorders are treated for substance abuse alone while the mental disorder is overlooked. It has also been observed that the lack of motivation is the common and most pervasive
Small group approach is an essential strategy not only in covering a wider range of tasks but is also important in the learning process. This is so because everyone will be given a task and each member has to engage in the responsibilities given for the success of the