His greatest achievement lies in his identification of human unconscious, which he thought is the major determinant of human personality. He named it psychoanalytic theory and founded the three components of…
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These unconscious forces represent primitive instinctual drives and ideal person that a person wishes to be. However, human conscious plays a balancing role in the personality. To explain id, one can say that it represents the natural inborn instinctual drives of food, sex and shelter. Id encourages one’s self to go about fulfilling these drives. It is these primitive drives that id encourages person to fulfill these desires. On the other hand, we have another conscious force known as super ego. Super ego represents the ideal person we wish to be in the eyes of other. It therefore encourages a person to be become perfectionist and to always do the socially correct thing. However, this again is not always possible and person needs to balance the id and the super ego. This balancing is provided by the presence of ego. Ego is one’s conscious personality which balances the desires of id and super ego. It is necessary because we can neither fulfill our instinctual drives and needs to look at the time and space and we cannot be perfectionists because we have to make a lot of compromises if to live a successful life.
All of the above discussion was about the unconscious personality in humans which Sigmund Freud talked about. In fact he was the founder and was the first one to promulgate this concept. There was no such concept before that and his definition and introduction of human conscious opened the doors for various future psychological research. He believed that actions and behaviors of every human are linked to unconscious and this is linked to development. To further elaborate the concept he introduced new concepts of ego, superego and id which are discussed above. He named his approach as psychoanalytic approach. The major problem for the psychologists following this approach and for Sigmund Freud himself was how to unearth this unconscious of human beings. According to Freud, since human beings themselves are not aware about
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In contrast when an individual has thoughts that he/she finds it impossible to introspect on then that is unconscious thought. Conscious thought is performed on objects or tasks that fall within one’s attention. Conscious thought processes any form of information using strict rules.
Such as religious scholars provide a different explanation than those who belong to the world of psychology. Although, it is interesting that few psychologists also believe in the religious theories such as the theory of Carl Jung. It is imperative to mention that although Freud’s work has faced immense criticism yet his theory’s statement that dreams bridge the gap between the conscious and the unconscious remains true to some extent.
It is how we are treated by parents that determine whom we become in the future. This paper will critically discuss Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic approach to personality and view of human nature. Psychodynamic approach explains the behavior in terms of dynamics or forces that drive it.
However, theories of the conscious and unconscious presented by Freud have stuck because of both their relevance and significance in society (Freud 16).
Sigmund Freud is a respected psychoanalyst credited for his discoveries in the realms of the
In addition, Freud had a passion to extend and improve human knowledge, and as a result, he managed to enroll at University of Vienna in 1873 to study medical research in biology and physiology. He graduated from the school, got his
Contrary to the conscious mind, no one has the idea of what information is contained in the comatose or unconscious mind. Unconscious motivation is importance since it forms the innate ideas and desires.
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