Coping, Maintaining Health and Preventing Illness - Assignment Example

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Extensive research on human behavior and its association with health has established the view that psychological aspects determine health of an individual to an extent. Specifically, this was proven by Friedman and Rosenman (1974) as a potential risk factor in cardiac disease…
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Running head: stress management Stress Management WEEK 7: Coping , Maintaining Health and Preventing Illness Discussion Topic Type A and preventingheart disease, including definition of patterns of behavior and current
research on Type A
Extensive research on human behavior and its association with health has established the view that psychological aspects determine health of an individual to an extent. Specifically, this was proven by Friedman and Rosenman (1974) as a potential risk factor in cardiac disease. Two different psychological types of behaviors have been described as the Type A and Type B. The Type A behavior is characterised by impatience, aggressiveness, status-consciousness, ambitious nature, restlessness and time-bound; whereas, Type B people are more relaxed and highly patient. People with Type A personalities have low self-esteem, low patience, and distrust towards fellow humans. These qualities result in irritation, anger, anxiety and lack of sympathy; these symptoms indicate anxiety disorders. Experiencing anxiety disorders indicates or are associated with some form of cardiac issues. Psychology of individuals has a significant impact on their health.
Association of psychological distress and chronic heart failure was established by Lesman-Leegte et al.’s (2006) study that indicated most of the patients with chronic heart failure were suffering from psychological distress, either in the form of depression or anxiety disorder. Sogaard et al.’s (2008) research carried out with a purpose of investigating relationships between type A behavior pattern and psychological distress measured in middle aged men participating in two surveys 28 years apart clearly indicated that Type A individuals had high risk of developing psychological distress. Psychological distress needs to be managed through counselling and psychotherapy that can strengthen Type A individuals’ psychosocial characteristics towards more positive outcomes. Aquarius et al. (2006) proved that younger people require higher social support in order to recover from treatment of peripheral arterial disease (a type of heart disease). This social support is to enhance their psychosocial impressions of the self and surroundings.
Friedman, M. & Rosenman, R. H. (1974). Type A behavior and your heart. New York: Knopf
Aquarius et al. (2006). Age-related differences in invasive treatment of peripheral arterial
disease: Disease severity versus social support as determinants. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 61 (6), p739-745.
Søgaard, A. J., Dalgard, O. S., Holme, I., Røysamb, E., Håheim, L.L. (March, 2008)
Associations between type A behavior pattern and psychological distress. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, Mar2008, Vol. 43, Issue 3. pp:216-223.
Lesman-Leegte et al. (2006). Psychological distress and cardiovascular disease. European
Heart Journal. Vol. 27, No.9 p.1123 Read More
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