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Obesity in childhood, teenage and adults is considered an epidemic in the United States. The advancement in technology created rapid changes in the eating habits of individuals globally. However, as countries become more developed in terms of economic status, the greater the availability and affordability of innumerable choices of food that an individual can indulge in. The issue of addressing obesity has been specifically identified as a national agenda in Healthy People 2010.
Obesity is defined as a chronic condition of excess fat accumulation in the body. (Medicine.Net, 2009, 1). Medically, obesity can be defined in relation to the body mass index (BMI). The body mass index “determines whether a person’s weight is appropriate for height by dividing the weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared.” (Delaune & Ladner, 2006, 1394) Using this index, obesity is then defined as a BMI of 30 and above. (Medicine.Net. 2009, 1)
The primary causes of obesity are overeating and lack of physical activity. When a person takes in calories much more than what one burns, that persons gains weight. Excess energy is therefore stored as fat. If that person has no initiative at all to engage in any physical activity which would help him or her burn those excess calories, then, obesity sets in.
Aside from overeating and lack physical activity, there are enormous factors which contribute to an individual’s being vulnerable to obesity. These are: genetics, composition of the diet, frequency of eating, slow metabolism, lack of exercise or physical activity, medications, psychological factors, and even certain diseases. With different researches undertaken to explore on the factors contributing to obesity, it is revealed in MedicineNet that ethnicity, childhood weight and hormones all have an effect in being obese.
As a person gains weight and either consciously or unconsciously neglect any measures to prevent the continuous weight increase, that person increases
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The campaign is geared towards ensuring that the target groups of populations are living according to the provided health standards and precautions. Among the aspects that are under regulation include eating habits, exercises and adherence to health promoting standards (Kegler 2002).
According to O’Donnell (2009, p. iv), “Health Promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for optimal health.”
Health promotion and nursing practice The World Health Organization has defined health promotion as “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health” (Nutbeam, 1998, p. 1). This implies that the participation of individuals is important in determining their health, and that health providers are not solely burdened to keep individuals healthy.
The organization is involved in defining research agenda while stimulating the creation, transformation and propagation of valuable health knowledge. Secondly, the WHO is tasked in shaping healthy norms and principles that will guide nations in formulating health promotion policies, and this also includes the monitoring their implementation and offering advice where appropriate based on international standards.
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The World Health Organization (WHO), Health Promotion, defines Health Promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve their health (WHO, 2014). The World Health Organization has a wide range of health focus that goes beyond behavior and lifestyle changes.
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