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Hence to be able to gain these reliable results triangulation has also been implemented. The benefits of triangulation have been mentioned further in the paper.
A paradigm can have various meanings. It refers to “your basic beliefs” and your approach to the world which affects the way you define your research and how you collect and analyse data (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 47). The research approaches that can be used in studies comprise of a mixture of both the “phenomenological paradigm” which is also referred to as a “qualitative” approaches and the “positivistic paradigm” also known as the “quantitative” approach (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 47).
“Phenomenological” is based on the word “phenomenon” which means a fact that happened or an event that was witnessed. With the phenomenological approach the focus is on “understanding the human behaviour from the participant’s own frame of reference” (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 53). As this approach is related to an event within a context of time and place, the aim is to investigate an event by carrying out your own research to “construct new theory to explain the phenomenon” (Collis & Hussey, 2003, pp. 56-57) or use existing theory. The aim and focus with this approach is “on the quality and depth of data” (Collis & Hussey, 2003, pp. 56-57).
With the positivistic paradigm, the emphasis is on using measurement to find out the relationships between facts and causes of the phenomenon. This is “an essential element of the research process under this paradigm” (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 57). This approach is useful when there is a need to conduct statistical analysis (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 56). A positivistic approach will be used and the researcher will be independent, will not be influenced by the subject of research, and will
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(“Essay on the topic of validity in Qualitative research”, n.d.)
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(Essay on the Topic of Validity in Qualitative Research)
“Essay on the Topic of Validity in Qualitative Research”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1559960-essay-on-the-topic-of-validity-in-qualitative-research.
There is clarity in the general purpose of the study on what it attempts to achieve. The objectives are accurately stated thereby providing an interested reader with a fast glance of what the study is about. The aims are further backed by methods that were used so as to extract the data for this qualitative study.
The essay will also include issues such as ontology, and epistemology in identifying the strengths, weaknesses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Several studies have been done in the field of health sciences to establish different aspects of health inequalities.
As qualitative research seeks to gather in-depth and detailed data, samples used herein are smaller and more focussed as compared to the commonly used large sample sizes (Camic, Rhodes & Yardley, 2003). In psychology, qualitative research has been described as the type of research whose findings and observations are not obtained via statistical means or any other quantitative techniques (Howitt, 2013).
Some researchers appreciate the strengths of both qualitative and quantitative research paradigm and used mixed method approaches. The following article attempts to detail out the only qualitative research paradigm in light of its strengths and weaknesses.
Modern studies in different areas of science are practically impossible without a comprehensive qualitative analysis in many aspects the methods employed are either used wrongly or have little practical effectiveness. As a result, many researchers reject empirical quantitative methods and make hypothesis based on their own vision of the problem that contradicts major principles of science, i.e.: verification of retrieved data.
ch it was concluded that all programs for adolescence obesity are targeted at schools because school invades substantial amount of time in the life of this population and schools have the necessary mechanisms to implement the programs. As one of the most important factors for