Management or management function - Essay Example

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It provides a tool for problem solving. Management puts forward a systematic idea to solve problems including the most complex and the simplest…
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Management” Management puts forward the idea of getting things done effectively using different management techniques and proper planning. It provides a tool for problem solving. Management puts forward a systematic idea to solve problems including the most complex and the simplest problems. The creative problem solving as proposed by management consists of 4 basic functions. These functions involve planning, organizing, leading and controlling. The main objective to follow management principles is to make use of available resources of the organization in a manner that completely achieves its goals and purposes.
The following are the basic functions of management.
Planning is a continuous process to carry out company’s functions in a manner to achieve the predefined objectives of the company. Planning is necessary throughout the business lifecycle because it evaluates the current condition of the organization’s performance and checks the credibility of the current plan. If the current plan lacks in terms of performance and does not look suitable to achieve the objectives of the firm, management principles require the plans to be altered according to the requirements. However, it is necessary to implement the plans as they are arranged. The basic rule is to remember that “nothing happens without a plan”.
Organizing is another important function of management which requires deciding on the organizational structure. It includes the important procedures of division, coordination and control of functions within the organization. It also establishes a route for the flow of information throughout the organizational structure. The importance given to communication should not be ignored and hence the process of organizing is important to deliver the right information to the right person on the right time. This function of management also decides the level of authority given to each employee. Hence, this function is also important for the day to day activities of the business. Managers must concentrate on the smallest possible point while organizing as a smaller mistake may affect the performance and reputation of the organization.
Staffing is the process which most of the people associate with organizing. It involves the processes of hiring, recruiting, training, performance evaluation of employees and decisions about compensation of the employees. This process involves the decision of choosing the right person for the right job with the right authorities to carry out that particular job. It is often a difficult decision as it is not certain that the person concerned is well aware of the responsibilities that might be given to him. Qualification, experience and skills are the key qualities that are considered while hiring staff.
Directing involves the process of changing people’s behavior, performance and attitudes using skills and techniques. People normally adopt their motivation, communication grouping and leadership skills to achieve their goals. The main purpose is to encourage employees on performing tasks in a way that best describes the achievement of company’s goals. In addition, it also involves motivating them on the fact that the success of the organization is the eventual success of them and is fruitful for their career in future.
Controlling refers to the establishment of performance standards in order to achieve the goals, measure them from time to time, compare the measured performance with the standard performance required and taking steps to improve the current performance or to close the gap between current and standard performance.
In conclusion, we can say that management is a process which continues throughout the business’ life cycle and helps managers achieve the short term and long term goals of the organization. It is a helpful tool for the success and excellent performance of organizations.
Litterer, Joseph August. An Introduction to Management. Santa Barbara, [Calif.]: Wiley, 1978. Read More
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