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Linguistics Language Acquisition - Essay Example

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Linguistics refers to the scientific way of studying languages. It also describes about real living language and the way in which people use it. It not only concerns about structure of language but also reflects the social and cultural history of a society…
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Linguistics Language Acquisition
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Download file to see previous pages It is also dependent on knowledge of local linguistic situation. The best methods are therefore those that will generate interest among the students.
In deciding how to develop language teaching methods and materials, three approaches will be more relevant: 1) Make use of second language acquisition theory, 2) Utilize applied linguistics research, and 3) Make use of ideas and intuition from experience. It was reported that considerably larger section (>45,000) of population of Trinidad and Tobago communicate in Trinidad English Creole (TEC) and have been using the dictionary for the same (EN1). There has been practice of code switching in which the people use English and Creole simultaneously. The behaviourist approach and the cognitive approaches were found to be effective in explaining the language acquisition by children in Caribbean islands (EN2). They will make students to mimic the words uttered by teachers and memorize the same by repeated exercise and in that process help the teachers. The language acquisition facilitates learning process as the living language generates more interest among the learners and paves the way for easily digestible mode of teaching. The importance of acquiring knowledge of linguistics in facilitating educational and learning process was confirmed by Carter,2002 (EN3). In addition, the basic knowledge about the following five theories of language acquisition by teachers is essential for effective teaching techniques in TEC. 1. The acquisition-learning disctinction. It states that language learning and language acquisition are completely different and teachers must keep this in mind while explaining in TEC. 2. The natural order hypothesis. It postulates that for a any language, some grammatical structures tend to be acquired early, others late, regardless of the first language of a speaker. 3. The monitor hypothesis. It states that the language that we have consciously learned acts as an editor in situations where the learner has enough time to edit. 4. The input hypothesis. It answers the question of how a language acquirer develops comptency over time. 5. The affective filter hypothesis. It concludes that motivation, self-confidence, and anxiety affect language acquisition and hence the teachers must keep this in mind while formulating theories for students in TEC.
Approaches to language teaching
Knowledge about different approaches to Language Teaching like grammar-translation, audio-lingualism, cognitive-code, the direct method, the natural approach, total physical response, and Suggestopedia will certainly aid in efficient teaching (EN4) in TEC. 1. Grammar-translation: It explains the grammatical rule and vocabulary and makes language acquisition more complex. 2. Audio-lingualism: It is better than the previous method in language acquisition as it allows the students to mimic the dialogue and eventually memorize it. 3. Cognitive-code: It focuses on developing all four skills of language: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. 4. The direct method: It is more effective than earlier methods as it involves all discussion in the target language. The teacher uses examples of language in order to inductively teach grammar; students are to try to guess the rules of the language by the examples provided. 5.The natural ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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