Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Review of Research Methods - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Modern theory and applied science demonstrate increasing sophistication of both research methods and demands to the research process itself. According to different sources, almost 90% of modern surveys in social, natural and applied sciences utilize different kinds of research methods and further computerized procession of data (Bishop, 2005).
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Review of Research Methods
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Review of Research Methods"

Download file to see previous pages Another important problem is that a number of methods used in modern researches are not appropriate to each certain case. In this case the very idea of empirical survey is deteriorated and the results leave much to be desired. In both instances the retrieved results are far from reality and need substantial clarification.
At the same time, properly selected and carefully employed research methods can be dramatically important in each type of either a survey or analysis of existing quantitative data. Correctly (from methodological perspective) received and interpreted data would provide a researcher with a variety of information and findings concerning different aspects of problem researched.
The abovementioned makes the question of methods effectiveness and appropriateness to each certain case extremely important. This project will examine appropriateness and effectiveness of research methods suggested in each of three suggested case studies below.
The case studies provided for the analysis are dedicated to the same research problem, i.e.: examination of neighborhood effect on people's health behavior, particularly walking and smoking. All three case studies hypothesized that there is a significant influence of neighborhood on people's health behavior. However, each of them focused on identification of specific community factors that may influence this or that behavior.
Each of these studies is based on representative samplings and includes the data from all-national (regional) surveys in the US or Canada. Alternative methods used were telephone surveys and observation of communities. Statistical methods in all three cases included different types of regressions that allows define the impact of one variable/variables (independent variable) on another one/ones (dependent variable).
The project of C. Ross (2000) is dedicated to the general problem of health behavior. The author hypothesizes that neighborhood could affect health behaviors. Ross (2000) assumed that people from poor communities and with humble backgrounds (e.g.: poor education, low income, etc.) are more likely to smoke and reversely less likely to take exercises and walk. This assumption is based on two social-psychological models of influence in "community-person" system, i.e.: contagion theory and structural perspective. The first theory states that people are influenced by others surrounding them. The second approach believes that surrounding presents their neighbors with both constrains (fears, prejudices, etc.) and opportunities and resources (courts, playgrounds, pools, etc).
The representative sampling (multilevel-data sampling) included the residents of Illinois (USA) selected according to the criteria of poverty and education of both the people and their neighborhoods. Other socio-demographic criteria included into the sampling were race, gender, age, household income, individual poverty, marital status, etc. The data for the sampling was taken from 1995 survey of Community, Health and Crime. The interviews were telephone-based and included both closed and open-ended questions.
The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Review of Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Review of Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Review of Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Review of Research Methods

Research Methods for Socio-Legal Studies and Criminology Methodological Review

.... As maintained in Johnson and Christensen (2012), random assignment aims to produce comparable groups on all possible factors at the start of the experiment. This approach is important because the study seeks to find out if the boot camp was responsible in lower recidivism among the participants. In this regard, random assignment precludes any possibility that there are significant differences in the boot camp group and the control even before the experiment commenced. Replication of the random assignment would have been possible for other researchers because the explanation of the method was given in sufficient detail. The flow chart given on page 226 of the MacKenzie, et al. (2007) study presented the protocol accurately with numerical...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review

To produce a literature review, justifying and applying appropriate research methods / concepts / techniques to, (Investigating

It provides methods and concepts which combine research, analysis and assessment altogether to investigate the causes of the project team failure. This study covering the Project Management subject is about to identify PM’s best investigation methods. The aim is to find out justified techniques, concepts and research methods which can investigate causes of project management’s team failures effectively. Literature Review Project Managers’ Investigation Research Methods and Concepts In projects there are different failures involved like system failure, process failure, and human failure. Such failures lead out to the complete failure of the project. In theorists’ opinion, project team failure is the most significant failure for an...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

Research Methods: Literature review and qualitative analyses

...Research Methods: Literature review and qualitative analyses Literature review When doing my project, I will first have to gather information about the chosen topic from different resources. Books, articles, periodic literature, Internet, university publications will all together define my knowledge about the topic and give an idea of the previous research that has been done and new areas that have not been investigated yet. Through the literature review, I will be able to incorporate the knowledge of an existing research and to develop the idea of my own topic. This method of research will not contribute to a new knowledge about my topic, but is the beginning of research that helps to shape the measures of the existing research and think...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Research methods (inferential methods)

...Research Methods Data Task Hypothesis: Science tend to be lazier than the other in the Methodology: Since the entire research is based on two sets of students, they can be differentiated between one another. Only inferential methods can be employed for the purpose. This hypothesis relates 'laziness' with the science students. Students can be science or otherwise. Therefore, it is a nominal measure. Variables for the purpose are Students course and mode of transport is a measure of laziness. An intervening variable of work pressure is also possible in this case. While the student's course is an independent variable the mode of transport used is a dependent variable. It is possibly influenced by the intervening variable as well. Unit...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Critical Review about Postgraduate Research Methods

...Critical Review about Postgraduate Research Methods in the Article "Glass Ceiling What Glass Ceiling A Qualitative Study of How Women View the Glass Ceiling in Public Relations and Communications Management" by Brenda J. Wrigley (Department of Advertising Michigan State University) The article about glass ceiling by Brenda J. Wrigley is published in Journal of Public Relations Research. It is devoted to the problem of glass ceiling in public relations and communications management. From the very beginning the definition of the term "glass ceiling" was given. The author defined the glass ceiling as those artificial barriers based on attitudinal or organizational bias that prevent qualified individuals from advancing upward...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Research Methods (new research methods and paradigms)

...Research Methods in Business and Management 2009 Research Methods in Business and Management Introduction The most common ification splits the methods used in organisational and business research into two large groups, namely quantitative and qualitative research methods. Quantitative methodology incorporates methods that have been designed to facilitate research in the field of natural (physical) sciences. Therefore, the main mission of quantitative research is to ensure validity and reliability of study results (Dingwall et al, 1998). Examples of quantitative methods widely used in the social sciences and business and management research are survey methods, formal methods (e.g. econometrics), laboratory experiments and several numerical...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research Methods and Design Assignment 2 - literature Review

...Concordia Introduction Literature Review Hypnosis is a mental during which individuals relax their objective area of mind so that the subjective one becomes more active (Manmillar, Kumar & Pekala, 2005, p.9). Hypnotisability is the score obtained after hypnotic induction, on a standardized hypnosis scale. “It is a cognitive trait allowing subjects to modulate perception, emotion and behaviour according to specific suggestions” (Carli, Cavallaro & Santarcangelo, 2007, p.64). Individual differences exist in the level of susceptibility to hypnosis. High hypnotisable’s, generally, are at ease of relaxing minds as compared to others (Manmillar, Kumar & Pekala, 2005, p.9). Brynt & Idey (2001) mentioned that they display more fantasy proneness...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Note-taking Mixed Methods Research Review

...Note-taking Mixed Methods Research Review Learning is enhanced by note-taking through information processing. The notes allow the students to easily review the topics discussed in the class. Copy-and-paste technique comes together with the growing popularity of computers as a form of note-taking. According to some students, copy-and-paste technique allows them to reduce anxiety though that activity may be caused by diminished motivation in learning (Igo, Kiewra and Bruning, 2008, p. 150). Probably the technique is so easy that even students may become lazy learners. It can be considered advantageous though for students with disabilities due to the fact that the technique surely reduces the pressure on them. No matter how the copy...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Review the Cox Report to determine the descriptive, explanatory, and predictive analytical methods used by Cox Committee, Intelligence Community, and Congressional Research Services to develop the reports conclusion on the Peoples Republic of China

The next generation of nuclear weapons would contain the design and intelligence as used by US hence threatening to have an equal capacity in effectiveness to the US’s production. This was espoused to present a great security threat to the US and the globe at large as the intelligence in missile and nuclear weaponry would be used for mass destruction. Stealing of such sensitive information from the US laboratories would have not occurred in isolation but rather much intelligence operations and investigations would have been involved in decades. Moreover, the report would note that the theft would not stop even after such discoveries, which increasingly posed a security threat to the country’s weapon intelligence. Supporters to the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research methods - Literature review

...Literature Review Analysis Literature Review Analysis Is this a scholarly source? How do we know? Schweller’s work qualifies to be a scholarly source because he is an expert in the field of international security. His names and credentials are present on the first page of the paper. He is well versed with the subject he addresses, and his opinion is considered as a form of authority because of his experience and expertise. The publisher of the literature review is renowned, which publishes scholarly works in an effort to help researchers and students (Schweller, 1994). Moreover, a close analysis on the work reveals that he is addressing an informed audience of scholars, because he advances the knowledge the audience already has. The tone...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Cultural History Versus Political History: The Varying Methods of the Two Fathers of History

Even though they have these similarities and have both been bestowed with the same title, these two historians drastically differed in their approaches.

Herodotus had another title bestowed upon him; he was also called the “Father of Lies.” Much of what is known of him has been gathered from his own writings as few other sources are available from his actual life. It should also be noted that the veracity of this information is in question as Herodotus was known to invent much in his own work, and it was sometimes the practice in Ancient Greece to attribute events from the life of one person to another; for instance, it has been questioned if the accounts of Herodotus’ exile are only due to the fact th...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Effective Methods of Teaching Anatomy

Herein, comparisons will be made to highlight the differences in using anatomical models for study versus self-directed (usually textbook) learning. As well, the use of tutors as an advantage in the medical classroom will be discussed.

Some students are hands-on learners. For them, three-dimensional (3D) anatomical models are effective. “Exploratory tools enable users to investigate structures in ways not possible in the real world” (Implementing, para. 3). These 3D models can represent just about any part of the human body. Models are available of small structures, like the head, or of the entire human skeleton. Models of the entire human body can also be purchased. Some of them even have removable parts so...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Marketing Research Plan: Old Navy

Gap’s credit ratings thereby limiting access to the capital market, international trade matters which may be disruptive of the supply chain, changes to its IT systems disruptive of operations, changes in the IT services agreement with IBM that can disrupt operations and produce adverse effects on financial results, international expansion through franchising and other arrangements may impair the value of its brands if unsuccessful, products are subject to risks associated with overseas outsourcing and manufacturing, and failure of vendors to adhere to Gap’s code of vendor conduct could harm the business. From available data in the 2007 Annual Report, both the Gap and Old Navy brands have exhibited declining net sales....
11 Pages(2750 words)Business Plan

Infrastructure Application and Review: France

Referring specifically to the country’s water network, Jacobson et al. (1995) notice that ‘although waterworks facilities in France are predominantly government-owned, private firms operate and manage most systems under an array of contracting and leasing arrangements’ (Jacobson et al., 1995, online article). The above study describes the general terms under which the development of infrastructure systems in France is progressing. It should be noticed at this point that in France, the government’s policies regarding the development of infrastructure systems were not always effective – moreover, they were rather limited. Indeed, in a report published by the OECD in 2005, it is noticed that ‘in 19...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Research Methods in Linguistics

 The writer of content tries to preserve his/her culture and also wants his/her culture to get attached to his/her recent living due to which, he/she makes use of the bilingual aspect to write a narrative.

Because of this writing, the English reader faces some problem in decoding the meaning but he/she realizes the presence of another culture by means of this writing. Many writers provide a glossary at the end so that the readers face no problem in decoding the words given in another language such as Soueif has done but many take it for granted that readers know the other language as well.

The article contains a detailed evaluation of the novel by Soueif which can be categorized as the strength of the re...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

Two hypotheses were tested in this paper. There are two groups that were compared in the paper. The control group has participants who follow the three-day cannula re-site protocol currently employed in most hospitals. The intervention group would only have cannula re-sites if their medical condition demands it. One of the hypotheses of this paper states that the control group would have more unplanned IV cannula re-site than the intervention group. Secondly, it also states that the cost of total cannula re-site of the control group would be higher than in the intervention group.
A randomized controlled trial was employed for this study. This was very much appropriate for this type of study. According to Pildal, et al (2005),...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Critical Review of Goth: Identity, Style and Subculture by Paul Hodkinson

The allure from this standpoint is seen by the author. This report measures mainly the methodology that Hodkinson uses, which is grounded theory research, and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. The findings of the research are briefly presented before the current research investigation concludes.

The Goth subculture is founded on principles of viewing some of what society outside this subculture, or mainstream culture, views as abhorrent or negative. There is some fetish tendency in this subculture towards the macabre and death, with face-paint style makeup and mourning clothing being prominent features of belongingness, which are certainly not reflective of mainstream fashion and makeup....
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

...Using computers to teach Mathematics is better than traditional methods Computer technology has changed the face of education, and is a useful tool in the teaching of other subjects as well with Mathematics being no exception. Various calculating devices have long been used in Mathematics, but the computer offers an even greater potential. Some teachers are reluctant to use computers, for example on the grounds that it is an expensive option and not every child has access to one at home, but its prevalence nowadays means that students should be given the opportunity to use computers in their Mathematics lessons. They have the advantage of being able to make complex calculations much quicker, demonstrate graphical visualisations, instilling...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Alternative Methods of Accounting

Accounting has always been a self-regulated profession. After the 2nd half of the 20th-century changes in accounting occurred due to the influence of private organizations such as the FASB.  In the United States, accountants followed the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to guide their everyday work. Accounting is a discipline that is very strict in its ways and does not welcome change well. In the aftermath of the Enron and WorldCom scandal, the government had to force change with the creation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 due to a lack of trust in financial information. 

The efficient market hypothesis states that securities are typically in equilibrium and that they are fairly priced in th...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Review of Research Methods for FREE!

Contact Us