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School of Social Science and Public Policy: Risk Management - Essay Example

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The essay 'School of Social Science and Public Policy: Risk Management' is devoted to HRO - High-reliability organizations - is an organization that has succeeded in avoiding catastrophes in an environment where normal accidents can be expected due to risk factors and complexity…
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School of Social Science and Public Policy: Risk Management
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Download file to see previous pages Industries, where the extensive study has been conducted on risk management, include energy, transport and aviation, military and space exploration, fires and natural disasters, health care, and education.
These organizations are characterized by the serious demand for reliability and the need to avoid operational failures. Learning processes do not include trial and error due to the cataclysmic consequences of possible failure. Theories in HRO point out the importance of redundancy, requisite variety, and information richness (Karina and Torstein, 2012, p 2).
These organizations strive for continuous improvement and leadership must be managed by strong individuals and teams must be creative in their response to failures. Mistakes are guarded against through systems of checks and rechecks, counter checks, and redundancy (Health Foundation, 2011). Collective mindfulness is demonstrated through a sensitivity to operations, constant thought to the possibility of failure, the seeking of all possible expertise, and the reluctance to simplify issues and risks.
High-reliability organizations have histories of safe operations and demonstrate reliability, flexibility, effectiveness, and efficiency (Muhren, Eede, and Walle, 2012, p 577). These environments pursue the image of a tightly coupled organization and the absence of trial and error is what is attributed to the success of high-reliability organizations. Organizational systems of defense are thought of as layers in James Reason’s Swiss Cheese Model. Some defenses may not be operating optimally, allowing holes to occur in the system. Latent failures can occur through incomplete procedures, regulatory narrowness, inadequate training, responsibility shifting, attention distractions, clumsy technology, or deferred maintenance. These many variables occur at one time and any triggers can be responsible for an accident. In order to be an effective HRO’s it is not necessary to completely error-free; however, it is necessary to be able to recover quickly and to ensure that the errors do not disable the organization.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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