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Classical School of Organization and Management - Essay Example

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According to the research findings of the paper "Classical School of Organization and Management", the major management challenge in the UK has been on how to blend the application of the new technologies with the desire to maintain the traditional form of face-to-face relations with the customer…
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Classical School of Organization and Management
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Download file to see previous pages Classical scientific evolved out of the desire and necessity to hike the productivity level and enhance increased efficiency. Managers had for along time been in search of a method or technique to increase the output of their shops and the input of the individual worker. The most emphasis was placed on looking for the best way to get more work covered and done by critically analyzing and examining how the various work processes were really met and by radically scrutinizing the skills of the workforce. This theory has its major proponents like Frederick Taylor.
Taylor advocated for the development of precise procedures after organizations had studied their specific tasks. Through his careful calculation, he was able to astonish managers by reporting that workers of a steel plant called Bethlehem Steel could have unloaded iron from rail cars four times more, if the right tools for the task were provided, the appropriate movements and correct steps followed. He introduced shovels that were more efficient and increased working hours for workers; consequently, the shovelling workers were reduced by almost four times the initial workers. To motivate and commend workers for coping with the new standards, he increased their payments. The results were impressive as productivity at the company shot up at once. Other managers quickly adopted his method.
Another proponent of the theory and close partner of Taylor was Henry Gantt, who came up with the Gantt chart. His method of increasing productivity was realized in the form of a bar graph. At each stage of production, he used a graph to measure the level of planning and the resultant magnitude of the completed task force. He emphasized on basing the effects on time rather than on quantity, volume, or weight. His method has been in use in the contemporary modern world in planning and control since its inception.
A team of a husband and wife going by the names Frank and Lillian Gilbreth pioneered and advanced the study of job motions. Frank in his earlier career as an apprentice bricklayer had a keen interest in standardization module in the workplace and method study. Through his keen study, he observed that workers were of different capacities. He also observed that some were slow and inefficient while others were industrious and very productive. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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