LABOR MOBILITY: A SEEMINGLY ENDLESS JOURNEY Labor mobility is one of the most interesting topics under the economics of immigration. Labor mobility in this case would refer to the “ease with which laborers are able to move between different economies” (Racliffe, 2009)…
Download file to see previous pages...
Frank Barry said that in the Harris-Todaro approach, perfect labor mobility is assumed (Fodders and Langhammer, 2006 p. 37). Here, migration utilizes utility across locations and it results to complete depopulation. This kind of perfect mobility yields a restrictive result, however, outside options will be held constant, the individuals welfare will be affected. To have a simpler model, let us consider Ehrenberg’s and Smith’s (2003) definition of mobility as an investment with costs at the start in exchange for future earnings or returns in the long run. The mobility decision is influenced by the benefits that will be acquired minus the costs of moving. Ehrenberg and Smith (2003) mentioned that the theory of human capital predicts the direction of migratory flows among workers. Labor will move to economies that offer higher earnings but this does not imply that their place origin has the worst opportunities available. Wage differential is one the reasons that labor migration occur. Table 1. Educational Attainment of Persons Going Out of the United States: 2009 to 2010 Educational Attainment Total Not a high school graduate 109,000 High school graduate 87,000 Some college or AA degree 76,000 Bachelor’s degree 166,000 Prof. or graduate degree 122,000 Persons age 1-24 385,000 Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, Geographical Mobility: 2009-2010, Table 1, http://www.census.gov/hhes/migration/data/cps/cps2010.html Education is the best determinant as to who will move within an age group (Ehrenberg and Smith, 2003). As we can see from Table 1, people having a bachelor’s degree are more likely to go abroad. With globalization and the continued advancement of technology, looking for job opportunities abroad will be easier especially for persons with a college degree or higher. They are considered as high-skilled laborers (Vinokur, 2006) belonging to the professional, technical, and kindred or related workers (Martin, Abella, and Kuptsch, 2006 p. 55). Radcliffe (2009) cited several ways how immigration could affect a recipient country’s economy. First, there will be an increase supply of labor. The arrival of migrant workers will increase the total labor supply of the recipient country. If labor demand will not increase, the increase in labor supply will result to a decrease in wage rates. Also, if available jobs will remain the same, the rise of labor supply will result to unemployment. There is also a positive effect that is brought about by immigration to the host country since some laborers added have specialized skills. These skills will contribute to the increase of productivity in their areas of concern. Most economists perceive that having immigrants will be beneficial to the country of origin for three reasons (Martin et al, 2006 p58). First, production loss especially in boom sectors will be minimized since the migrants can work on the vacant jobs until more local workers are trained. Second, they can increase the diversity of work teams contributing to the increase of productivity. Lastly, they can hold down wage increases in their concerned sectors. Though this can be can be considered a loss to the local workers, this can be beneficial to the local populace since this would also imply that the price of the services they provide will still be easier to pay. In the perspective of the country of origin, the movement of their labor force outside the country is viewed in another manner. Brain drain
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Labor mobility Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1429506-economics-of-immigration
(Labor Mobility Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Labor Mobility Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1429506-economics-of-immigration.
Labor Union helped the employers to realize their own interest and so they started to think collectively. As a result they became united and supported each other during strikes. Whenever the government tried to impose any strict actions against them they raised their collective voice against it.
The rise of Chinese investments is a recent phenomenon yet it is a controversial one. The speed and the scale of the surge of Chinese investments in Australia have raised the question among Australian community and policymakers of whether Australia should restrict Chinese FDI.
During the recruitment process, a series of important observation was made. Observation on Selection of the Labors: During the selection, many migrant workers had been considered for various posts in the organization whose qualifications, talent and prior knowledge would not be acknowledged outside the United States of India.
There would be a significant impact on society if it were to regress back into feudalism, where social standing was determined at birth. The purpose of this paper is to explore these effects and the impact on American society.
, the research will determine if continuous fetal heart monitoring decrease fetal incidents compared to intermittent fetal heart monitoring during labor. The paper will discuss the different types of fetal monitoring as well as the need for each kind of monitoring. Positive as
They were never involved with tasks that could make them be on the same level with men.
After the Second World War, women participation in the labor force activities started to rise. Immediately after the war, women
Sending areas are the countries of origin where laborers migrate from. Such are defined by their geographical location. Routes of migration are the countries to be accessed by the migrating labors while on their way to their desired destination. Lastly,
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Labor mobility for FREE!