Free Man in Under Hobbes' Leviathan - Essay Example

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The aim of this essay is to describe the concept of free man in Under Thomas Hobbes' book titled “Leviathan”. Furthermore, the essay "Free Man in Under Hobbes' Leviathan" discusses the overall definition of liberty and equality and investigates its applications…
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Free Man in Under Hobbes Leviathan
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Download file to see previous pages Lex Naturalis or the Law of Nature is a general rule which forbids a man from doing anything which would be destructive to his life or which would omit whatever means he has for preserving his life. So there is a necessity to distinguish jus or right and lex or law. Right means freedom or liberty to carry on our will while law determines and binds someone to an obligation.
The condition of man which denotes his need to preserve his life against his enemies gives every man a right to everything which means that there’s a right even to one another’s body. As long as man has this natural right to everything, a man is not secured no matter how strong or wise he can be, to keep on living according to man’s life expectancy.
A preceptor general rule of reason states “that every man, ought to endeavor peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek, and use, all helps, and advantages of war, ”The first branch of this rule states the fundamental law of nature which is to seek peace and follow it. The second, the sum of the right of nature which states by all means we can, to defend ourselves.
This second law is derived from the fundamental law of nature by which men are commanded to endeavor peace. It states “that a man is willing when others are so too, as far forth, as for peace and defense of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down his right to all things: and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself.
Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan is his premier philosophical work. According to such work, people are naturally concerned with themselves and with attaining power. People can live harmoniously together through the laws of nature but people who don’t follow the rules have a tendency to abuse the rights of those who are law-abiders.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead more
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