StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
There are a variety of theories that assert different explanations for why crime is committed. Since all of the theories are different, it is important to choose the theory that best fits the specific situation. For example, in Miami, Florida, a man is accused of kidnapping and raping a 16-year-old girl. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime"

Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime Bryant & Stratton College There are a variety of theories that assert different explanations for why crime is committed. Since all of the theories are different, it is important to choose the theory that best fits the specific situation. For example, in Miami, Florida, a man is accused of kidnapping and raping a 16-year-old girl. Allegedly, as the girl walked home from church, she was approached and kidnapped by the suspect, taken to a remote location and raped. Routine activity theory would be appropriate to use in this situation since the facts seem to fit the theory well. Rational choice, on the other hand, does not appear to fit with the facts of the case and would probably not be very useful in this situation. Facts of the Case The Miami Herald reported that a 23-year-old man is charged with kidnapping and raping a 16-year-old girl on April 3, 2011, in Southwest Miami, Florida. The suspect and victim attended the same church; and, the suspect offered to drive the girl home when she was left without a ride. The girl accepted the suspect’s offer of a ride home; however, instead of taking the girl home, the suspect drove to a remote location and after his repeated requests for sex were denied, he raped the girl. Afterwards, the suspect dropped the victim off at her home. Routine Activities Theory Routine activities theory is based on the premise that crime occurs at the point in time that there is a convergence of a motivated offender, suitable or attractive target, and lack of a capable guardian (Groff, 2007). The theory asserts that performing daily routine activities puts an individual at greater risk of becoming the victim of a crime by increasing the likelihood they will be an attractive target that encounters a motivated offender in a situation where there is no effective guardianship present (Schreck & Fisher, 2004). The facts described above seem to indicate that is what happened in this case. The victim had attended church which is a routine activity. After church, the young girl did not have a ride so she was alone, meaning no effective guardianship was present. She then encountered the suspect who was a motivated offender that saw her as an attractive target. Therefore, routine activities theory appears to be an appropriate theory for explaining this offense. Rational Choice Theory Rational choice theory is a utilitarian theory which asserts that when deciding whether or not to commit a crime, criminals weigh the costs/risks and the benefits of the crime. The theory further argues that the criminals think in economic terms; and, criminals will try to minimize the risks of a crime by considering situational factors (e.g. time, place) (Pasternoster, 2010). Rational choice theory also suggests that increasing the risk of offending and the likelihood of being caught (i.e. surveillance, police/security presence, street lights) are effective means of reducing crime (Akers, 1990; Pasternoster, 2010). The facts of this case as described above do not seem to fit rational choice theory very well; therefore, this theory does not appear to be appropriate or beneficial for use in this case. The suspect in the case described here did not carefully and/or rationally plan or weigh the risks/benefits of kidnapping and raping his victim, but allegedly committed the offense because the opportunity arose. The suspect would not have known that the victim would not have a ride home and would be alone and without guardianship, so he could not have planned for something he did not know was going to happen. Since this offense was not planned by the suspect, but was committed when the opportunity arose, there was no rational choice, decision or weighing of the risks and benefits to be considered before committing this crime. Without making a rational decision regarding the crime, this theory would not be appropriate or beneficial for use in this situation. Conclusion There are a variety of theories of criminology, each of which asserts its own argument and explanation for why crime is committed; and, each crime that is committed has its own unique set of facts and characteristics. Therefore, in order to explain why a certain offense was committed, the theory that is most appropriate for each specific set of facts circumstances is the theory that should be chosen and used for that case. In order to choose the most appropriate theory, a determination must be made as to whether the specific facts of the case in question “fit” the requirements and elements of the theory. References Akers, R.L. (1990). Rational choice, deterrence, and social learning theory in criminology: the path not taken. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 81(3), 653-676. Groff, E.R. (2007). Simulation for theory testing and experimentation: an example using routine activity theory and street robbery. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 23, 75-103. Paternoster, R. (2010). How much do we really know about criminal deterrence? Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 100(3), 765-824. Schreck, C.J. & Fisher, B.S. (2004). Specifying the influence of family and peers on violent victimization: extending routine activities and lifestyle theories. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1021-1041. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime Case Study”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1414313-theoretical-approach-to-explaining-crime
(Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime Case Study)
https://studentshare.org/law/1414313-theoretical-approach-to-explaining-crime.
“Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime Case Study”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1414313-theoretical-approach-to-explaining-crime.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime

Comparative Perspective on Organized Crime Groups

The Medellin Cartel of Columbia and the Sicilian Mafia are the two groups chosen for comparative analysis. In what aspects do they differ? What are their similarities? Suchlike questions will be dealt with in the passages that follow.

Both the crime groups emerged in regions with a history of political volatility. The civil war of 1948-1958 had the harshest impact on the city and its surrounding areas. The civil war was essentially one of the struggles between poor Campesinos and the rich landowners. It is no coincidence that most of the populace of Medellin are poor and are émigrés from the countryside. The industrial city of Medellin served as the operating base for the Medellin Cartel, whose founders in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Timeline Approach to Writing

When someone is considering writing something as long as 10 pages or more of text from the experience of maybe 2 or 4 page long papers, they can become easily overwhelmed with where to start and how they’re going to find enough information to fill the required length. A variety of methods have been devised to help people overcome their initial fear and get started with the writing process.  Some suggest starting with general research and others might promote the use of stages or steps in order to get the paper done. The key element of a successful writing process, however, is finding one that suits the individual’s personality, writing style and methods of learning. As a result, in most cases, using one particular...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

A Systematic Approach to Training and Development In Organic Juice Bar

 Prior to the discussion of training needs assessment, I would discuss several issues in the human resources management process that determine why training is important.
Daft and Fitzgerald (1992) indicate that in order to manage an organization effectively in a competitive environment, planning for human resources strategy requires several factors several external factors to be considered.

1. Attract an effective workforce. This includes planning on the number of employees required, job analysis or what types of jobs should be conducted or jobs associated with the types of business, forecasting future recruitment, recruiting because good employees need to be recruited, and selecting.
As stated by Daft an...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Project Risk Assessment: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approach

The risks may vary in terms of nature or scope according to the situation. So since the risk is so common in project management, a very important aspect of managing a project is analyzing all the possible risks that are associated with that particular project. It makes no sense of going on with a project and not giving a thought to the risks that could affect the success. Once these risks are analyzed, the project manager will have all the possible risks in front of him. He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that the organization will get if the risk is taken. Therefore only after a risk analysis, the project manager is in a position to conclude whether or not it is worth taking the risk and going on with a certain...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Explaining White-Collar Crime through Sykes and Matzas Neutralization Techniques and Mertons Anomie

Modern criminology indicates that the term is of no limitation by referencing to types of crime, which could be enumerated as a crime by the time of the offense, by the type of offender, and by organizational culture (Cote 2002, p. 202). White-collar crimes are generally not associated with poverty or pathologies relating to it. The legal definition of crime is viewed as the only definition of crime, in which the behavior being examined is punishable by law (Sutherland 1949, p. 84).

Sutherland (1949, p. 84) claims that persons belonging to the upper socioeconomic class are involved in such criminal behavior, which is characterized as different from the criminal behavior in which the lower socioeconomic class engage in p...
11 Pages(2750 words)Report

Youth Aggression and Violence: A Psychological Approach

Fergusson et. al. (2002) state that deviant peer choices are prone to contribute to an adolescences propensity to commit the crime, and that this is consistent with a growing amount of evidence. However, their study was able to study how deviant peer choices affects on a crime committed by the adolescent at different ages. The results showed that deviant peer choices and their influence on youth crime decreases as the adolescent gets older. Fergusson et. al. (2002) believe that these results are in accordance with developmental stages, as escalating life experience would ensure less vulnerability to peer influence.

Additionally, evidence shows the affects an unstable family environment can have psychologically and behav...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom

When students learn science, they construct meanings and develop understandings in a social context, state Duit & Treagust (1998: 4). Classroom verbal discourse in the form of teacher talk and teacher-student interactions form the basis for most of this meaning-making. Because teacher questions are a frequent component of classroom talk, they play an important role in determining the nature of discourse during science instruction. The cognitive processes that students engage in, as they undertake the process of constructing scientific knowledge, to a large extent depend on the kinds of questions that teachers ask and their way of asking the questions.

Chin (2007: 816) conducted a study to investigate questioning-bas...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Clinical Governance Approach between UK and Australia

The UK Department of Health defines it as “the framework through which NHS organizations are accountable for continuously improving the quality of their services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will flourish.” (Department of Health, 2004).

The term clinical governance gained importance following the high mortality rate for pediatric cardiac surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary. The incident led to the formation by the government in 1998 of the Kennedy Commission, which proved a turning point in overhauling the NHS (Kennedy, 2001). The commission’s final report recommended that change “can only be brought about with the willing...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Notion of Free Will on Understanding of Crime Causation

They, therefore, believe that internal and external factors affect the chances of a person being subject to a crime. The situation at which a person commits a crime also forms the basis of the determinist approach of causes of crimes.
Several theories elaborate on the factors that dispose of different people toward crimes. The classical theory explains that crimes occur when their benefits outdo the costs or consequences of the crime. The theory of Routine Activities suggests that a crime likely occurs if a motivated offender finds an attractive target and no appropriate guardianship in place. Various biological factors also influence the causes of crimes as evident in the discussion.
One of the major assumptions of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic Theoretical Approach to Explaining Crime for FREE!

Contact Us