Nobody downloaded yet

American Probation and Parole Association - Research Proposal Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
An Evaluation of the American Parole and Probation System: Research Proposal Name of Course Your Name Your University Introduction Probation is defined as “a court ordered dispositional alternative through which an adjudicated offender is placed under the control, supervision and care of a probation staff member in lieu of imprisonment, so long as the probationer meets certain standards of the court” (Siegel and Worall, 2012 p65)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
American Probation and Parole Association
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "American Probation and Parole Association"

Download file to see previous pages This is because the traditional custodial sentences are likely to cause more wrong for the offender and the society when compared with probation. Probation therefore keeps a person under the control and management of a probation officer who has the duty to ensure that the offender complies with the terms and requirements placed on him by the courts. A similar form of probation is handed down to convicted prisoners who have spent a portion of their jail terms. This is known as a parole. A parole is “a planned community release and supervision of incarcerated offenders before the expiration of their full prison sentences” (Siegel and Worall, 2012 p67). These two forms of punishments imposed by the courts are meant to promote the integration of offenders back into society and also prevent the unnecessary incarceration of persons in overcrowded jails. The America Probation and Parole Association (APPA) is the national association of parole and probation officers charged with the supervision of offenders who are placed on parole or probation. They are considered to be part of the correctional system, however, they play a significant role in the criminal justice system because they are a link between the correctional system and the legal system (Banks, 2004). The fudamental duties of probational officers include: 1. Supervising offenders 2. Maintaining contacts with parolees and probationers. 3. Provide counseling services for parolees and probationers. 4. Resolve conflict involving the treatment, integration and surveillance of parolees and probationers. 5. Writing reports about probation and paroles for the courts (Banks, 2004). The APPA members are required to exhibition professionalism, uphold the law, work with objectivity, co-operate with relevant professionals, recognize and practice the principles of APPA and maintain public faith in the criminal justice system (Banks, 2004). From these ideals and standards, APPA members and officers are required to work according to very high standards and provide a very effective service to the society. However, in reality, there are significant issues that stand in their way. A lot of these problems are identified in journals and books that were presented by professionals who are related to the criminal justice industry. Some of them are explored below in the literature review. Literature Review “Probation officers supervise two-thirds of all correctional clientele in the United States” (Petersilia, 1997 p149). This means that they have a lot of work to do. And relative to prison officers, they are more burdened in terms of workload (Petersilia, 1997). However, in spite of their effort, they have a limited budget that is much lower than what the prison officers and correctional service officers receive. Also, they are ill-equipped and as such, felons go unsupervised. This gives them an image as lenient officers in the criminal justice system. Petersilia and Turner (1993) studied the intensive supervision program that was instituted in the early 1980s closely. This program allowed parole and probation officers to undertake close survillance, urinalysis testing, treatment and employment of convicted offenders. This was a very strict method of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“American Probation and Parole Association Research Proposal”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1399724-american-probation-and-parole-association
(American Probation and Parole Association Research Proposal)
https://studentshare.org/law/1399724-american-probation-and-parole-association.
“American Probation and Parole Association Research Proposal”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1399724-american-probation-and-parole-association.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF American Probation and Parole Association

Probation Officers and Parole Officers

... Introduction Probation is when an offender is given a supervisory status rather than incarceration, while parole is an early release from prison with any request for action and violation of report action going directly to the releasing authority. Early release is brought by good conduct of behavior when one is in the prisons (Harr and Hess, 64). Parole and probation officers’ goals are to protect the public. They have the duty of assisting ex-offenders to adjust to life outside jail as well as that of preventing them from repeating crimes or engaging in future crimes acts. They work towards making sure that they have made the law offenders to live productive and useful lives. Depending on the legal status, the law offender may... be on...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Probation and Parole

...?Running Head: PAROLE AND PROBATION Parole and Probation [The of the will appear here] [The of the will appear here] [The name of the Professor] [Course] Introduction Parole and Probation is a strategy employed by law officials to ensure that the prisoners released comply with the existing laws of the society and show good conduct in the society. Paroles are rewards allowed in a prisoner’s sentence by reducing his prison sentence if the prisoner demonstrates good conduct when living his sentence. Probation, on the other hand, is a an addition to the prisoners’ chargers which requires the prisoner to report to a probation officer even when he has fulfilled his sentence. Probation is usually exercised on criminals who have committed... a...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Probation Officers versus Parole Officers

...of freedom (with conditions) at the time of sentencing. The United States and individual state laws provide two options namely probation and parole which allows a period outside prison. It also allows for the provision of officers for close supervision and monitoring of persons let out of prison either on probation or parole. Most people, not associated with law may think that both these terms are similar and exchangeable with each other. But this is not the case. This paper compares the roles and responsibilities of each of these posts and will discuss the similarities and differences in the process. Probation officers vs....
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Probation and Parole

...of parole entail offender control, crime deterrence and reintegration of the offender back into the community. It is pertinent to note that the parolee is kept under strict terms of supervision which when violated can lead to revocation of the parole. Revocations can occur in instances such as committing of a new crime by the convict during the parole period. Furthermore, the parolee is expected to reside within a particular locality, avoid criminal associations, conduct a legal occupation and regularly report to a parole officer. It is critical to note that parole and probation is not one and the same thing. To this...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Probation, Pardons and Parole

...Probation, Pardons and Parole Introduction Probation, pardons and parole are some kind of measures taken by the criminal justice system to test the nature of the criminals who are sentenced. Probation is a process of allowing the criminal to stay in the community for a specified period in order to watch his behaviour while parole is a conditional release of the criminal, allowing the criminal to stay in the society under certain conditions and the supervision of the parole officer. Pardon is giving full forgiveness to the criminal. All these actions will be decided based on a Pre-Sentence Investigation report (PSI)...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Criminal Justice (Probation & Parole)

...Running Head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE (PROBATION & PAROLE) Criminal Justice (Probation & Parole) Lecturer: Presentation: Introduction Convict labor refers to subjection of inmates to working conditions for free, which initially started as a way of punishing them for the various crimes they had committed. However, this perception came to change during the early 20th century, when it started being used as a way of rehabilitating inmates by the way of providing them with knowledge and the skills to sustain them after completing their jail terms (Neill, 2007). This essay is a critical evaluation of convict labor, discussing the various systematic approaches of exploiting...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Criminal Justice (Probation and Parole)

...One of the most important aspects of the study of deviance and crime is rehabilitation. It is in rehabilitation that the deviator is “treated” or made to behave normally, according to the rules set by the society. There have been several theories that account for the importance and the effectiveness of rehabilitation. One of these is the social learning theory. Rehabilitation is one way of dealing with criminal behavior, as this allows the criminals to be reintegrated back into the society as law-abiding, productive and decent members of the society. The social learning theory focuses on how behavior is learned from social experiences. Behavior is learned from one’s own social environment. An act of deviance becomes a norm... of the most...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions

...Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions The primary goal of all governments across the globe has is liberate their citizenry from criminal activities and ensure safety and peaceful coexistence among communities. The efforts have been making variable swings as at one moment the level of crime rises and at another the reduction of the same. In that perspective, this paper will discuss the modes of criminal justice and community safety that include parole, probation and intermediate sanction. The paper will focus on the potential similarities and differences of the three. The paper will also present my personal views on the best and favorable approaches to enforcement of criminal justice and community safety. Finally, the paper... will...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

LOVE Probation or Parole Policy Evaluation

...to a compelling emergency condition (Wasem, 2010). For instance, On January 18th 2010, the Secretary of homeland security, Janet Napolitano, allowed orphaned children from Haiti passage into United States of America on a temporary and individual basis in order for these vulnerable children to receive the attention and care they could not get in Haiti. This was part of the humanitarian programme and policies of the American government in aiding Haiti. The issues that emerge from this policy include laws governing the humanitarian parole policy, conditions of an alien for obtaining parole under this policy and personal information of the parolee. Additional issues that emerge from this...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions

...Probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions Law enforcement agencies employ varieties of avenues for reducing crime rates and promoting correctional initiatives and rehabilitation of criminals. Probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions are some of the avenues through which these objectives can be achieved. Under probation, a convict is allowed into the society but is subjected to supervision by an appointed authority. The probation prescribes the convicts expected conducts during the probation period. Large number of probates however overwhelms supervisors (Barkan, and Bryjack, 2011). Intermediate...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Proposal on topic American Probation and Parole Association for FREE!

Contact Us