Nobody downloaded yet

Deliberative and civil society models of democracy - Coursework Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
This paper is being carried out to compare and contrast liberal democracy with republican democracy in order to determine the essential question of how deliberative and civil society models of democracy overcome the problems of the liberal democracy. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
Deliberative and civil society models of democracy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Deliberative and civil society models of democracy"

Download file to see previous pages According to the research there are two central view of democracy. In the republican model of democracy, there is solidarity between disparate groups of people. The different groups who comprise society recognize that they are all unified, and that there is a common good that must be sought after. In this kind of democracy, therefore, there is a societal consensus of norms, so that there is a centralized core of democratic principles which underpin the political process. In the liberal model of democracy, however, there are disparate groups, and these disparate groups do not try to unify with society as a whole. Rather, they compete with one another for political power and resources, and the people vote on whose interests prevail. Therefore, society does not have a centralized core and is in danger of disintegrating. The liberal society is marked by societal preferences, whereas the republic society is marked by societal values. Because of this, some critics, including Habermas and Boesche, believe that liberal societies have a problem with legitimacy of laws, as these laws are not based upon societal norms, but, rather, are based on something less, and these laws are subjected to being dismantled by lawmakers on a seeming whim. The international stage is a macrocosm of these problems, according to Dryzek, as the international relations are marked by competition between disparate groups who do not necessarily agree upon becoming a unified whole. Deliberative democracy may help to overcome the problems which are inherent in a liberal democracy. Deliberative democracy introduces reasoned discourse into the political process, therefore it provides more of a substantial underpinning to the moral arguments which mark liberal societies. The way that deliberative democracy benefits liberal societies is that deliberation provides an educative function, as well as a way of bringing disparate communities together in realizing that they might have common ground. It also is beneficial in that it introduces an element of reason into procedures which determine the common good, which makes these procedures more legitimate. The outcomes are also based upon rationality, which makes the outcomes more legitimate as well. More than this, however, deliberative democracy recognizes that there are certain fundamental truths which should govern all reasoned discourse, these fundamental truths being such aphorisms as respect for others. In this way, deliberative democracy may benefit both state liberal societies and the international stage, which retains many of the elements of a liberal society. Discussion In order to determine the essential question of how deliberative and civil society models of democracy overcome the problems of the liberal democracy, liberal democracy must be compared and contrasted with republican democracy. According to Habermas (1994), these are the two received views of democratic politics. The liberal democratic process, according to Habermas, programs the government in line with societal interest. In this way, the government is an apparatus or tool to achieve the ends of society, and society itself it a connection between individuals. The individuals in this view band together to push government in a way that meets their collective goals. In the liberal democratic process, Habermas states that the government is a mediating process. The republic process, on the other hand, requires solidarity between the disparate groups of people. With the republican view, the different groups of society realize that they are all unified, and there is a recognition that society must be oriented towards the common good. In the democratic process, social integration is achieved through the hierarchical regulations of the state and the decentralized regulations of the market. The orientation towards the common good is the third way that social integration is achieved in the republic view of democracy. It is this horizontal method of social integration ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Deliberative and civil society models of democracy Coursework”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1394395-deliberative-and-civil-society-models-of-democracy
(Deliberative and Civil Society Models of Democracy Coursework)
https://studentshare.org/law/1394395-deliberative-and-civil-society-models-of-democracy.
“Deliberative and Civil Society Models of Democracy Coursework”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1394395-deliberative-and-civil-society-models-of-democracy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
vi
virginia57 added comment 8 months ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "Deliberative and civil society models of democracy" was tough to find. I spent hours to find it. Here at StudentShare, I got the finest sample. Many thanks!

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Deliberative and civil society models of democracy

Modern Civil Society

...?Modern Civil Society “Total Domination” is an essay written by Hannah Arendt, who was a philosopher of German Jewish politics, which explains that total domination is one of the ideas that came out of totalitarianism. Totalitarians believe that a governor has the absolute power to take control over a nation and the lives of humans. By degrading one group of people, human beings can be seen as properties, and thus forced to work. In the essay “The Origin of Civil Society”, the author Jean Jacques Rousseau, who was a political philosopher of the 18th century, has combined the views of other thinkers as well as his own idea of civil society. He believed that success meant leading a state of nature to civil society; however, the idea... ....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Civil Society & Charitable Giving

...of the society is responsible for the fading of civil societies in modern social settings. The aspects of democracy in social morality and economic goals of the societies are the main elements behind the decline in the effect of civil associations. Despite the decline in the number of traditional civil societies, there are numerous modern social organizations which respond to modern needs in the society. These organizations include self-help groups, religious associations and professional associations. In this context of a nursing home project, we seek to evaluate the role played by...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay

Civil society

.... He added that when injustice norm, instability and confusion aspect are justifiable, they acts as a cure to that leads to liberty. The constitutions of America by then were unjustifiable in that the models availed on both modern and ancient could not be admired by anyone. Madison in his writings suggested that latent faction is caused by the nature of man and this leads to differentiation in activities degree within the civil society. The elements of some leaders to acquire pre-eminence power ambitiously as different opinions that emerges from government as well as religions plays a vital role in enhancing an aspect of faction within the civil society. Many threats comes as a result of political factions influence and hence when... not...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Deliberative Nursing Process Model

...Running head: Ida Jean Orlando Ida Jean Orlando (Pelletier Deliberative Nursing Process Model of Institution] Abstract In the 1950s American nursing practice was based on the medical model. During the last four decades, however, nurse scholars began to think seriously about the unique scope and domain of nursing. They began to explore the nature of nursing and the purposes for which nursing exists. They also began developing nursing theory as a foundation for nursing practice and education. This endeavor has presented nurses with the motivation to examine nursing's heritage, its goals and the values upon which nursing is based. This paper is intended to highlight the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Civil disobedience in todays society

...appraisal, we must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood." (Martin Luther King Jr. Letter From A Birmingham Jail - April 16, 1963) Whether it be Gandhi's non-cooperation movement or Martin Luther King Jr's civil rights movement or Mandela's 'M-plan' of anti-apartheid campaign, the nonviolent method of protests and persuasion has proved effective. Parades, vigils, picketing, poster campaign, teach-ins, mourning, and protest meetings are some of the symbolic ways of resistance. Today society has progressed from the dark...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Global Civil Society

...and the Political Economy of Transnational Action. International Security, 27(1): 5-39, Summer. Drezner, D. 2007. All Politics is Global: Explaining International Regulatory Regimes. Oxford: Princeton University Press. Ewig, C. 1999. The Strengths and Limits of the NGO Women's Movement Model: Shaping Nicaragua's Democratic Institutions. Latin American Research Review, 34(3): 75-102. Fisher, W. F. 1997. Doing Good The Politics and Antipolitics of NGO Practices. Annual Review of Anthropology, 26: 439-464. Friedman, E. J., Hochstetler, K., Clark, A.M. 2001. Sovereign Limits and Regional Opportunities for Global Civil Society in Latin America. Latin American Research Review, 36(3):...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Civil Society and Global Finance

...Civil Society and Global Finance Introduction The world economy has been under transition every day, every hour. The quest for the economic supremacy which was initially severe between the countries, have now grown bitter among the rival companies, irrespective of the country of origin. Initially the project feasibility was evaluated from social and environmental perspective, apart from economic consideration, however presently the situation is entirely different. The social and environmental considerations are no longer debated; rather the primary and supreme focus of the project has to be financial benefits, even at the cost of environmental and social debacles. When and why this shift occurred? This...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Democracy: Voting Behavior Models

...Democracy: Voting Behavior Models Introduction The most crucial element in any democracy is voting. One question though that needs answering is; why do people vote the way they do? Is it because of their social structure, rational choice, dominant ideology or party identification? This can only be achieved by analyzing these voter behavior models. This essay will discourse the extent to which social structure model explains why people vote the way they do. The social structure model explains how social factors shape voting behavior. These include: Social class, age, gender, occupation, ethnicity, geographical location and level of education (Graham n.p). The social class was very important in shaping voting behavior in Britain...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Title: Conflict, dissent, violence

...and they define radical democracy as “agonistic, antagonistic, discursive and deliberative models of democracy” (Norval 2001, p. 589). Before discussing Laclau and Mouffe’s model of radical democracy and place of pluralism, it is worthy discussing what the model seeks to achieve and this is to discredit earlier aggregative and deliberative models by Rawls and Habermas and their followers Joshua Cohen and Seyla Benhabib. References Brady, John S (2004). No contest? Assessing the agonistic critiques of Jurgen Habermas’s theory of the public sphere. Philosophy and Social Criticism, 30(3),...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Civil Society

...). Accountability and commitment within the civil society actors comes at a different angle within the civil society since the actors themselves can hold each other accountable and cause and effect conflict. The Indian civil society is an arena in which various interests meet, battle against the State, battle against each other and are affected by the power relations within the society at large. The BJP in Indian Politics- An Analysis Per se a civil society promotes democracy and its factors. The failure of a State to provide equality leads to the belief that the State...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Deliberative and civil society models of democracy for FREE!

Contact Us