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The role of democracy, in this context, is to legitimate what is legal and vice versa. Whether it is a representative democracy or direct democracy, the role of democratic processes is to bring a moral bearing to the legislatures. More broadly, democracy is the force of virtue through which a state can exercise its authority. The rest of this essay will elaborate various facets to the interrelation between legitimacy and democracy.
“the question of the relationship between legitimacy and democracy depends on the relationship between support and democracy, a relationship which is contingent, not axiomatic...Legitimacy and democracy are related if members support an institution only to the extent that they view it as democratic: the relationship between legitimacy and democracy is therefore at the level of beliefs and of beliefs that the institution has to be democratic if it is to be supported.” (Blondel, Sinnott, & Svensson, 1998, p. 10)
In liberal democracies, especially, legitimacy of the regime is of paramount importance. What is true for nations is also applicable to supranational entities. The European Union is a case in point, where most nations in the bloc purport to embrace the liberal-democratic constitutional framework. Even the EU constitution is an abstraction of this common theme uniting several nations in the bloc. In the case of the larger entity the EU, as it continues to expand, “the complex has intensified and has become more and more closely linked to the issue of legitimacy”. (Rosanvallon, 2011, p. 7) It is understood at the time of ratification of the EU constitution that, for the EU to be a democratic conglomeration, gaining legitimacy is an imperative. Equally, the European Parliament is another key institution for maintaining democratic processes within the EU. The Council of Ministers and the national parliaments are expected to play a complementary role in this regard. With these expectations of the European
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The above characteristics of states have been used in order to explain the existence of two different types of states: strong and weak. In general, it would be preferable for a state to be strong being more capable to protect the national interests (Krasner 1978); however, in practice, it has been impossible for all countries worldwide to develop competencies and policies that characterize the strong states.
The role of monetary policy is to maintain price stability because it is a crucial necessity for growth of an economy and welfare of the people. ECB has failed in its major objectives as found during post 2008 financial crisis. The paper attempts to find whether the causes of this failure lie in the absence of appropriate fiscal and banking union without which ECB is unable to exert full control on its member countries.
Since all Greeks were not created equal (i.e., as in the case of slaves), democracy would have created an unfair playing ground as opposed to the oligarchy that already characterized Greek politics and the Greek state. Assuming one now knows what democracy meant in Plato's time, let us critique his assertions.
The author’s main reason for writing the book was to fight for the rights of peasants in the contemporary French society. Being a peasant himself, the author was born fifty years after Tinnon and did his farm work in central France till he died. It is the kind of life he passed through as a farmer in France that inspired him to write his book “The Life of a Simple Man.”
l legitimacy provides the basis for every system of authority to correspond willingly by virtue of which persons exercising authority are lent prestige. The main sources of political legitimacy include tradition, charisma, and rule rationality. Plato argues that theoretical