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The Source of the Perceptual Errors - Case Study Example

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The paper 'The Source of the Perceptual Errors' presents the managers in organizations that should be aware of perceptual errors. To explain clearly why it is important, let us see what the source of the perceptual errors is and who is prone to them…
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The Source of the Perceptual Errors
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Download file to see previous pages The prism is made of categories – concepts and mental structures – handed down by our families, cultures, friends, and social institutions. As a result, we see what we are conditioned to see and not the real picture and there are no two humans with entirely identical perceptual categories. So this prism, or filter of individual’s perception, made of values, needs, goals, interests, beliefs, attitudes, wants, expectations, knowledge, feelings, education, and language, provides us with a distorted picture of the reality. Our human experience is coded in our nervous system. This makes us act and react automatically, repeating once learned reactions again and again. The prism of an individual’s perceptions makes us perceive only selected information. We see what we are focused on, registering positive comments on those we like, negative comments on those we dislike, and ignoring the rest. Further, we organize and interpret information following the usual scheme. This automatic perception leads to a number of perceptual errors.

Stereotyping is a common perceptual error. As a rule, we classify people we meet into a set of categories, forgetting that each individual is unique. People are very different, and their motives are different, and their behavior is conditioned by the context. Moreover, people are constantly changing. It is impossible to enter the same water twice. Stereotypes prevent from a clear vision of the reality and damage human relationships. Unaware of stereotyping a manager can overlook effective human resources, or be unable to understand HR needs and motives. Stereotypes cause another common mistake – self-fulfilling prophecy or prediction. We tend to predict and then act as if it is true. For instance, you do not trust someone. You will look for the pieces of evidence of your mistrust in his behavior and will spoil the relationships.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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