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The Causes and Consequences of Gender Segregation in Employment - Essay Example

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The essay 'The Causes and Consequences of Gender Segregation in Employment' raised and examined in detail the question regarding gender segregation in employment, its causes and consequences, it shows what gender segregation is, its dynamics in the workplace, and how the government affects it…
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The Causes and Consequences of Gender Segregation in Employment
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Download file to see previous pages Gender segregation of the labour market originally means that it occurs as horizontal segregation when women and men work in different sectors, and vertical segregation when they hold jobs with different occupational status (Gonas & Karlsson, 2006: 65).
Gender segregation in the workplace has deep roots in the gender division of labour in both historical and modern societies. The increasing proportion of women in the workforce in post-industrialized society, has resulted in women entering both traditionally female as well as traditionally male occupations (Jacobsen, 2007: 189). Gender segregation with inequality in pay is recognized as a major factor that pulls down the economic efficiency of the nation. Even so, patterns of segregation continue to remain through education, training and employment (Rees, 1998: 15). This can be associated with continued differences in women’s and men’s choices of education and career paths, besides other causes such as high childcare costs which may prevent women from full-time paid employment. However, globally, even in countries where there are organized, publicly financed domestic and childcare services, women still do most of the unpaid work. Unpaid work is not accounted for or valued like paid work (Gonas & Karlsson, 2006: 37).
This paper proposes to investigate the dynamics of gender segregation in employment, the legislative reforms focused on introducing equality in working conditions and wages; and to identify the causes and consequences of gender segregation at the workplace.
With increasing growth in the female labour force, women are entering many occupations in which they had previously been under-represented. Though sex segregation at work is reported to be decreasing since 1960, the change is slower than for segregation based on race (Jacobsen, 2007: 215). Gender segregation occurs at three levels: horizontally, where men and women work in different areas of work; vertically where they are found at different rungs of the ladder; and by the length of the contract, where men tend to have permanent, full-time contracts, and women to have temporary, part-time contracts or sometimes no contracts at all.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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