Nobody downloaded yet

The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In the research, it has been presented that current trends in fingerprinting have moved from manual technique to automated fingerprint information system. This trend has created advantages which include higher efficiency, accuracy, effectiveness, increase productivity and speedy results…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting"

Download file to see previous pages The underlying theory regarding the practice of fingerprinting is the concept that no two people in the world possessed identical sets of fingerprints (Zhang, 2001; Epstein, 2002; Specter, 2002; Kumar & Shama, 2009; Cole, 2001, 2005; Leibhan, 2003). This particular theory is the guiding principle with which developments pertinent to fingerprinting has been pursued. In this regard, the following are the findings of the research.
First, the concept of fingerprinting as a mechanism for purposes of identification has been known since the ancient period (Specter, 2002; Cole 2001). However, the current trend of utilizing fingerprinting for purposes of identifying, investigating and solving crimes is a current advancement in the field, which is brought about by developments in science and technology together with the condition of increased mobility of people (Sombat, 2006; Cole, 2005; Epstein, 2002). This conceptual finding is significant because it highlights the fact that first, fingerprinting is a recognized tool that a can be used for identification regardless of genre or period in history. Second, from the historical rooting of fingerprinting one can impugned that fingerprinting has been adopted as early as the nineteenth century for criminal investigation. Finally, third, the contemporary concept of fingerprinting is a result of the coming together of science, technology, judiciary, increased mobility of people brought about by globalisation and demands in the contemporary society. This figure shows that the current understanding of fingerprinting is a result of the coming together of several factors that can be rooted from the historical tradition that has been traced in this research. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1569851-the-impact-of-fingerprint-technology-in-saudi-arabia-please-assign-to-premium-or-first-class-writer
(The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1569851-the-impact-of-fingerprint-technology-in-saudi-arabia-please-assign-to-premium-or-first-class-writer.
“The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/human-resources/1569851-the-impact-of-fingerprint-technology-in-saudi-arabia-please-assign-to-premium-or-first-class-writer.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting

An in Depth Look at the Role of Forensic Science and its Impact on Justice

...as unbiased. Even so, Dror (2011) informs that it is not all that uncommon for some forensic scientists to be influenced by subjectivity and other psychological or cognitive biases. Thus forensic science like any other type of evidence is not flawless. However, its role as a culpability and exculpatory tool in the administration of justice is unrivalled and has been in use in courts all over the world for more than 100 years (Dror, 2011). In fact, the official use of fingerprint identification was perfected in1896 when developed by Sir Edward Richard Henry (Brown & Davenport, 2011). The world’s first crime laboratory was opened in Lyon, France by Edmond Locard in 1910. Locard gave expression to the popular concept...
72 Pages(18000 words)Dissertation

DNA Fingerprinting

...DNA Fingerprinting DNA fingerprinting is a laboratory procedure that has proved very useful in personal identification. With its wide applications, it is causing a revolution in the modern world. Typing of DNA presents unique profiles for each individual except identical twins. The high rate of variation results because DNA fingerprinting relies on non-coding hyper-variable sequences to produce a unique pattern of bands for each individual. DNA profiling relies on the discovery of a broad range of restriction enzymes and their specificity. DNA typing has a wide range of applications from paternity testing, criminal investigations, and population studies to identification of tragedy...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

DNA Fingerprinting

...DNA Fingerprinting Introduction DNA as we all know is the basic building structure of every living thing present on earth. It has been scientifically proved that it is the DNA that gives us our characters, both phenotypic and genotypic. If the there is some sort of problem i.e. mutation in the DNA, it would lead to altered characters or even lead to abnormalities (Burke 1991). The DNA sequence of every individual is specific and is generally passed on from parents to their offspring. The basic structure of a DNA consists of four Nucleotide bases i.e. Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine. These four bases pair with each other in a unique manner i.e. Adenine-Thymine and Guanine-Cytosine to form the unique DNA structure...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Digital fingerprinting

...) Generalized hashing and parent-identifying codes.Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A, Volume 104, Number 1, pp. 207-215(9) Bond, John W. (2008) The Thermodynamics of Latent Fingerprint Corrosion of Metal Elements and Alloys. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Volume 53, Number 6, pp. 1344-1352(9) Casey E (2000) Digital Evidence and Computer Crime: Forensic Science, Computers, and the Internet with Cdrom, 1st edition.Academic Press, Inc.  Crawford, J.T. (2003) Genotyping in contact investigations: a CDC perspective. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Volume 7, Supplement 3, pp. S453-S457(1) Chang, M-C.; Lou, D-C.; Tso, H-K. (2007) Combined watermarking and...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Digital fingerprinting

...and the two patents and techniques discussed here show that the fingerprinting methods are changing rapidly making the methods more accessible and accurate to lessen the amount of distorted images and to enhance the efficiency of the fingerprinting process in forensic studies. Recommendations could thus be made that both these devices could be appropriate for the enhancement of digital fingerprinting and could be incorporated in the applications of fingerprinting techniques within the forensic departments that deal with fingerprints, data storage and imaging. References Alon N.;Cohen G.;Krivelevich M.;Litsyn S. (2003)...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Forensic Psychophysiology (Polygraph): The Other Forensic Science

...the respiration rate to the polygraph machine. By 1939, Leonard Keeler who was one of the founding fathers of forensic science, added skin conductance and an amplifier and all these changes signaled the birth of the polygraph as we know it today. Though this idea was old, but Lomborose and his student Angelo Mosso were the first ones to actually use a physical devise and scientifically document the findings, in order to reveal the changes in pulse and blood volume. The underlying theory behind polygraph is that when a person lies, it causes a certain amount of stress which produces several changes in the involuntary psychological reactions. During this test a number of sensors are attached to the body...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

North Carolina's Criminal Justice Process

...or attempting to commit, such common-law felonies as burglary, arson, rape, or robbery. The theory is that if a killing resulted, even though unintentional or accidental, the required malice is carried over from the original felony. Consequently, the felon would be found guilty of murder (Schebb, 1999). Although of dubious ancestry, the felony murder doctrine has been incorporated into most criminal codes in the United States even in North Carolina (Hall, 2000). With the proliferation of crimes classified as felonies, legislatures have generally limited its applicability to felonies, involving violence or posing great threat to life or limb. Felony murder statutes have produced much litigation in the criminal courts...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

FINGERPRINTING

...FINGERPRINTING The concept of whether or not the study of fingerprint identification is a science has caused long, drawn-out pre-trial hearings.Although the science of fingerprint identification has been legally challenged, it has won every single one of those challenges. It has been proven after numerous Daubert hearings that the reliability of fingerprints as scientific evidence has succeeded. The methodology has met the requirements of the Daubert/Kuhmo standards. With approximately 100 years of successful use in criminal trials the reliability of fingerprint comparison and identification has been established. Statistical analysis in science is a tool...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

DNA fingerprinting

...Sur Lecturer DNA Fingerprinting DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a chemical structure which forms chromosomes. A set of chromosomes that determines a specific trait, character or quality is referred to as genes. In a structure form, DAN is a double helix: genetic materials of two strands that are spiraled around one another. Every strand is composed of nucleotides, a sequence of bases. A base can be one of the four chemicals, adenine, thymine, cytosine, or guanine. The two DNA strands are connected to every base. Bases can only bond with each other as follows: Guanine (G) can only bond with cytosine (C), and adenine (A) can only bond with thymine (T) (Tabet 83). For example, if a single DNA strand looks like this:...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Fingerprinting Paper

...Fingerprinting Paper Fingerprinting Paper Question Q1. Are there any current or potential alternatives to traditional fingerprintingthat would better aid in solving crimes? In the brief history of biological identification of persons, fingerprinting has been the traditional classic of personal identification. Nevertheless, fingerprinting thrived in an analogue world where there was very little else to resort to, which had any technological advantage. In the era of digital technology and PINs (Personal International Identification numbers), there are extensive possibilities that would either complement or replace the fingerprint (Chandos & Piosenka, 1991;...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Underlying Theory of Fingerprinting for FREE!

Contact Us