The performance of organizations in the global market is usually evaluated by referring to their leadership style. A leader is the individual who has the power to take all important decisions of each organization…
Download file to see previous pages...
Table of contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Requirements of international and domestic leadership in terms of leadership skills and competencies 4 2.1 Leader – characteristics 4 2.2 Environment that makes leadership international 5 2.3 Culture as related to domestic and international leadership 6 2.4 The influences of environment on domestic and international leadership 8 2.5 Challenges that international leaders face 10 2.6 Domestic vs global leader – differences and similarities 12 3. Conclusion 13 References 14 1. Introduction The performance of organizations in the global market is usually evaluated by referring to their leadership style. A leader is the individual who has the power to take all important decisions of each organization, including the design of its strategy and the control of all its activities (Grisham 2011). The behaviour of leaders is not standardized since each leader has his unique experiences, skills and perceptions. In fact, it has been proved that the development of an effective leadership strategy is depended on a series of factors. Most commonly, the socio-cultural and economic environment but also the objectives of the organization are the criteria on which leadership decisions are based. In addition, a leadership strategy needs to be feasible in terms of available resources. At this point, the following issue appears: can the effectiveness of a leader being influenced by the geographical region in which his decisions will be applied? In the literature, a distinction is made between domestic leaders and international leaders. The activities of the former are limited within a particular area; the leaders of organizations that operate only locally belong in this category. International leaders are those who can be involved in leadership decisions related to the global market (Marquardt 2000). In other words, a leadership is made international when referring to the global environment of an organization, meaning not only the needs of the organization in regard to its activities in a foreign country but also the challenges that the organization has to face in the global market; competition, cultural differences and regulatory framework are the most common challenges of this kind. The differences and similarities of domestic leaders and international leaders are analytically presented in this paper aiming to show that domestic leadership requires different skills and competencies than the international leadership. For this reason, the appropriateness of individuals to act as leaders domestically or internationally can be evaluated only if reviewing carefully their skills, as responding to the demands of each of these two leadership types. 2. Requirements of international and domestic leadership in terms of leadership skills and competencies 2.1 Leader - characteristics In order to be successful as a leader an individual needs to have certain qualities. In practice, the characteristics of leaders can be highly differentiated under the influence of their personal experiences and perceptions. Still, there are certain requirements that leaders need to meet (Maxwell 2005). A leader who meets all these requirements can be considered as fully successful in regard to his role (Maxwell 2005). It should be noted that leadership, as a role, can incorporate many phases. In each of these phases a leader should meet different requirements. These phases can be set in a hierarchy, and would be the following, starting from the lower level: a) Position;, b) Permission, c) Production, d) People development (Maxwell 2005). Each of these phases has different requirements; for example, in the first phase followers simply execute the orders given to them because they are obliged to; the autocratic leadership style
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
In fact, right from the day one, the topic of leadership has amazed and fantasized many experts all over the world (Griffin & Moorhead, pp. 23-24, 2009). Traits of leadership, characteristics of leaders, what makes a leader, are leaders born or made and there are many other questions, which have been able to catch the attention of researchers and experts for the past many decades (Fulmer & Goldsmith, pp.
Different leaders have enacted and espoused different facets of leadership, as befitted their times and their understanding of the functions of leadership. In this paper we are going to touch upon the leadership principles and life of Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the USA.
This paper sheds light upon the attributes of effective leadership, impacts that effective leadership has upon the performance of an organization and the skills that are required for the leadership in order to be effective. Effective Leadership in Organizational Setting An organization requires a specific set of policies and procedures in order to operate within the ambit of its objectives, and a leader to direct the organization on its way to success.
UNIVERSALLY EFFECTIVE AND DESIRABLE LEADERSHIP ATTRIBUTES
Leadership traits study has quite a long and questionable record. Research may show that having some traits on their own will not always constitute success in leadership. However, there is proof that efficient leaders exhibit some key aspects that are diverse from those in other people.
It is not sufficient to have knowledge of modern managerial concepts, but the most important aspect is having the knowledge required for their implementation (Anantatmula, 2008). Organizations are advised to gain a lot of knowledge, but at the same to manage it in the most effective manner, which requires the leaders to develop and use different skills, abilities and insights; the leader/manager is required to become a knowledge officer, who can improve the competitiveness of the organization and also improve the productivity of the human resources (Anantatmula, 2008).
Thus, a teacher needs to arm himself in order to effectively carry out his role of bringing out emotional, intellectual, physical, social, and moral excellence in his students. I believe that in order to be effective, a teacher must have a thorough understanding in teaching techniques, knowledgeable in his field, flexible, possesses good communication skill, and morally excellent.
As the report discusses a leader is required to perform all assigned duties, regardless of their size or perceived importance, up to standard, on time, and to the best of one’s ability. Others are interested in one’s past only insofar as it may indicate future capability. They want to know how well one performs one’s duty today.
It is named after the Roman censor Appius Claudius Caecus, who initiated the road construction process and completed the first as well as the main section of the road in 312 BC. The first section was a military road
The cost of private renting is no longer proportional to wages and this implies it has become increasingly costly for tenants and through the housing benefit bill supposed to subsidize rents for households on lower incomes, the
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic TO WHAT EXTENT ARE LEADERSHIP ATTRIBUTES CONSIDERED UNIVERSALLY EFFECTIVE AND DESIRABLE for FREE!