The use of prospective and retrospective data in the process of causal reasoning - Assignment Example

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The example of prospective data given in the text book explains that when a patient with a dog bite asked to receive his tetanus shot in the same arm as the injury, the physician already knows, based on previous understandings and experiences, that this will result in a secondary infection and inflammatory response…
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The use of prospective and retrospective data in the process of causal reasoning
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"The use of prospective and retrospective data in the process of causal reasoning"

The use of prospective and retrospective data in the process of causal reasoning

Cross-sectional studies are those conducted at a specific point in time and is considered a descriptional form of research. It is a means for researchers to look at a diverse group with variable interests that share certain characteristics in common. It ultimately relies on the principal that the resulting variation between any two different groups can only be attributed to the differences that they do not share. For example, when studying two different age groups, any variation could be attributed to the age differences. If I were to consider studying the retirement habits of military veterans I would first send out the cross sectional mailed surveys to gain interest and determine how many retried veterans that meet the research criteria are available to participate in this study. I would look for a commonality or pattern within the groups. Do most in the military retire at, generally, the same age? Do those that retire from the military at a younger age, also, share the same “retirement” habits, or do they seek other forms of employment to continue with into the traditional retirement age? I would, also, determine the income variations. Do the socioeconomic aspects play a huge part in the types of retirement that military members will ultimately participate? I would, also, be certain to include elements that can have a great deal of influence on many individuals, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, and region that they live, which could all play a part on how the retired military will spend their time. Like the article provided, the weakness in this research can be found in that much of the research would be surveys that rely on the honesty of those filling them out, therefore it can be hard to validate the accuracy of these sources (Sloane, Cowen , and et al). In order to have results that could be considered truly effected in would be necessary to conduct other studies as follow-up to really accurately assess all of the behaviors of the retired military. 3.Theta Hombody, a graduate student, has designed a research project to find out if women who major in mathematics and engineering are less likely to be mothers than women who are in less Read More
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