Organizational Behavior in the New York Police Department (NYPD) - Research Paper Example

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This research is being carried out to evaluate and present NYPD’s organizational behavior and factors it is influenced by. The people, structure, technology and environment all contribute towards the performance of every employee and eventually to the achievement of organizational goals…
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Organizational Behavior in the New York Police Department (NYPD)
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"Organizational Behavior in the New York Police Department (NYPD)"

The focus in this paper is on the NYPD is governed by Compstat, a dynamic police management process. The decline in the crime rate in New York since 1993 is largely attributed to the implementation of the Compstat. The Compstat was initiated at the start of the term of Mayor Rudolf Giuliani in 1994 through Police Commissioner William J. Bratton. The impact of Compstat on the organizational behavior within the NYPD is worth noting. The changes that the top management introduced were focused on emphasizing integrity among its people. People are among the important elements of organizational behavior. This is the reason why it was necessary to undertake an assessment of the NYPD and find out the behaviors of its employees. The assessment revealed that organizational fear, self-protection, secrecy and exclusion were present within the organizational culture of the NYPD. With the introduction of the Compstat, district commanders became accountable and responsible for the performance of their subordinates as well. The lack of a strong supervision within the department which results in misconduct, corruption and brutality was addressed by Compstat too because a system of rewards and punishment was in place. According to NYPD Strategy No. 7 in 1995, one level in the chain of command was abolished and a new team of precinct commanders were empowered to customize tactics to local conditions, and a system of management meetings for crime control were scheduled to assess the progress of each precinct against serious crime and disorder. (Web.jjay.cuny.edu, n.d.). This step was an important facet in the revamp of the structure of the organization which greatly affects the behavior of the NYPD personnel. The structure of an organization is an important element of organizational behavior. It can result in good or bad performance of employees. “Structure defines the roles and relationships of people in an organization” (Raina, 2009). A change in the organizational structure would mean a change in how the different people in the organization will behave. Henry cites Krauss by stating that empowering the precinct commanders means that they are given more authority and “direct control over resources to carry out enforcement operations, to address chronic crime locations and suppress the low-level irritants to their communities” (n.d.). Compstat’s general framework is composed of six key components which all influence the behaviors of the people within the NYPD. These six components are mission clarification, internal accountability, geographical organization of operational command, organizational flexibility, data-driven problem identification and assessment and innovative problem-solving tactics (Willis, Mastrofski, & Weisburd, 2003). The environment where the NYPD operates affects the behavior within the organization. Foremost among this is the media, which pressures the “police agency to release information, investigate wrong doing, and hold itself accountable to the public for the actions of its personnel” (Web.jjay.cuny.edu, n.d.). This makes the people in the NYPD extra careful not to commit any wrong doing lest they be in the front pages of newspapers. A high or low incidence in crime in New York is an aspect of the environment which affects the organizational be Read More
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