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Direct and Representative Democracy - Essay Example

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This paper “Direct and Representative Democracy” will address the nature of representative democracies and direct democracies, and establish the differences between these two forms of democracies. The different types of democracies vary in the level…
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Direct and Representative Democracy
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Download file to see previous pages The different types of democracies vary in the level in which citizens are allowed to participate in governance. Most countries in the world have adopted representative governance, where citizens elect leaders of their choice to represent them at the state level and be responsible for making important decisions on their behalf. On the other hand, if a country adopts direct democracy, the citizens themselves participate in governance directly. Fossedal (2005) notes that the original element of democracy is believed to have originated in Athens in 5th Century BC, and the type of democracy adopted in this country was direct democracy. This paper will address the nature of representative democracies and direct democracies, and establish the differences between these two forms of democracies.
According to Manin (1997), all democracies must fulfill the four main principles of democracy, in order to be regarded as true democracies. However, the magnitude to which the different democratic systems uphold these democratic principles vary from one democracy to another. Nonetheless, any democratic system must ensure that its citizens are entitled to justice. A democratic government will, therefore, play the role of safeguarding people’s justice, and ensuring that all its citizens are treated in a just manner. Secondly, democratic governments should ensure that all citizens experience equity in the country and that no citizen is given priority over another. In addition, the freedoms of people are crucial in democratic governance. Citizens in a democratic government will, therefore, live and act without any interference from the government or fellow citizens. Finally, there is the aspect of representation. This, however, mostly applies to a representative democracy, where the majority of people choose their representatives through elections.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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