The researcher of this essay aims to pay special attention to the 17th amendment: its analysis, discussion, and review. This research is also being carried out to present advantages and disadvantages of this amendment and cases of corruption and misrepresentation…
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This research will begin with the statement that when the United States Constitution was being drafted and key aspects of it were up for consideration from the Constitutional Convention, it was determined that each state, regardless of size and/or overall population, was entitled to two senators. Further, the original Constitution stipulated that the senators would be selected by the State representatives themselves as a means of providing equal footing between a representative republic and a total and complete democracy. At that time, there was but one dissenting vote, James Wilson, who argued for the senators to be elected by a popular vote. In the broader context, the original interpretation of the means whereby senators would be selected was something of a compromise which was sought between both Federalists and Antifederalists. Ultimately, the Antifederalists were desperately fearful that the monolithic central government would have the ability to continue to expand its power and create a massively powerful central government that would subjugate the individual states to the will of the central government. Accordingly, as a means of continuing to provide the states with a powerful voice with regards to their representation, it was determined and compromised that the representatives would be popularly elected by the state’s voters; whereas the senators would be selected as a means of countering the “populism” that the means whereby the House of Representatives functioned was demonstrated.
Yet, vesting such a high degree of authority within the individual state legislatures posed an inherent risk in addition to the benefits that have already been enumerated upon above. With regards to these risks, campaigners to have the amendment ratified noted that a high potential for deadlock as well as corruption existed within the system. Due to the fact that state legislatures could pursue policies that were note specifically representative of the individuals within their state as well as potentially buy and sell senate nominations, the movement gained traction as early as the late 1820s. Lastly, the lack of representation that could occur should a senator vacate his/her seat or die while in office was a further impetus towards amending the Constitution in this manner. Nearly a hundred years passed before the United States Congress passed the bill and sent the proposed amendments to the state to be ratified. With regards to seeking to understand James Madison’s notes on the Constitution Convention, it cannot and should not be understated the role that Madison’s understanding and integration with the belief of federalism plays into this. In “Federalist No. 46”, James Madison states the following concerning the unique relationship that the states should have to the national government: “They (the states) are in fact but different agents and trustees of the people, constituted with different powers" (Cohen 27) Ultimately, this level of belief and trust in the fact that federalism could provide the most benefit with regards to the new system which was being integrated formed the backbone of the way in which Madison disagreed and ultimately fought against the indirect appointment of senators within the Constitution. As a function of his strong belief that the federalist system could preserve the interests of the democracy to a stronger degree than any other proposal, Madison doggedly fought against those that wished to allow appointment to take place; preferring the system of direct and popular elections to decide senate composition instead. From such an understanding, the reader can and should integrate with the understanding that had Madison been alive at the time that the 17th Amendment had been ratified by the states, he would have likely been highly pleased with the result. Though it took nearly 135 years after the Constitution was originally ratified, the federalist cause had eventually won out after many years of political back and forth.
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Rupert Anderson and Alan Ward are two distinct FBI agents that went to investigate the sudden disappearance of the civil rights workers in Mississippi. Ward is determined to do something about the outraging racism he finds in Mississippi. On the other hand, Anderson wanders in the streets chatting with the townsfolk’s in order to ferret out clues on the disappearance of the three civil rights workers.
This tried to build the connection of CCCs on the effectiveness of different disinfection alternatives for contact surfaces. Contact surfaces were emphasized to be the integral parts of microbial dissemination among children (Jimenez, Martinez & Chaidez, 2010).
At the time of the making of the film, China was still a closed country in terms of travel and exchange of ideas with the West, but the first stirrings of a new era were beginning to makes themselves known. 1989 was the year when Chinese people protested in large numbers on Tiananmen Square before being brutally removed by government tanks.
However, curtailment of fair use is a part of a violation of a much more important right, namely the right to freedom of expression awarded under the1st Amendment. Privatization of previously public information and spaces has curtailed the 1st Amendment, thus no longer leaving much space for any type of expression on behalf of individuals.
No warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. (Levy 1995, p. 162) The fourth amendment was adopted in response to the tendencies of police officers to abuse their search and seizure responsibilities during the colonial period.
This is a common misconception. Some people think they have the right to say whatever they want to or about whomever they choose without fear of legal retribution. This is not true. The First Amendment defines freedom for the U.S. separating it from many other nations that do not allow free speech but not all speech is protected, an important distinction among other aspects of speech this discussion will investigate.
In principle, the fourth amendment is part of the Bill of Rights and works within the changed requirements on the conduct of arresting officers with regard to the privacies of the persons being apprehended or searched (McInnis 41). The central focus of the fourth amendment was addressed on specific details of the general warrant, which gave the authorities the sweeping powers to search suspected citizens with no limits on the nature of the items they could focus their searches on or their general conduct during the searches.
The reason behind limiting the amount of fines was to facilitate people who are not involved in any serious crime but are charged with heavy fines that they cannot pay (Head, n.d.).
For the issue of cruel and
The conclusion from this review states that the signing commemorated the end of a long struggle to propose the election of Senators by the people which were clearly identified to have started as far as 87 years ago. Notably, the article was aptly concluded with stating that “Mr. Bryan said that he regarded it as the most important reform made in a century affecting the Federal Government”.
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