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Earthquakes manifest themselves on the surface of the earth by shaking and at times displacing the ground.
There is a long history of seismic activity and earthquakes in Japan .Japan is a region characterized by high seismicity due to its location which is near main tectonic plate borders and is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Geologically the Japanese islands are as a consequence of many big oceanic movements taking place more than hundreds of millions of years ago. Originally Japan was attached to the Eurasian continent’s eastern coast. Since the Eurasian plates were less deep than the subducting plates, Japan was pulled eastwards forming the Sea of japan about fifteen million years ago (Smits,2014).
Whereas on 23 August 416, an earthquake is mentioned in Yamato(present day Nara the Prefecture) initial earthquake to be dependably recorded occurred on28 May,599 in Nara prefecture ,during Empress Suiko’s reign, damaging buildings through the entire Yamato province. Several other historical accounts of earthquakes occurrences exist and with the creation of Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee in 1892, systematic collation of all available data was conducted and in 1899 published. The committee was suspended in 1923 after the occurrence of the Kanto earthquake and in 1925 and the Earthquake Research Institute superseded it (Clancey, 2006).
The Kanto earthquake that occurred in 1923 is one of the deadliest in the history of Japan claiming about 105,385 deaths, whereas the Tohuku earthquake in 2011 is the costliest (USD 235 billion) and strongest earthquake on record. It is also the most costly natural disaster to occur globally to date. There are numerous other earthquakes that have occurred and have been recorded in the history of Japan. Nevertheless, the Tohuku earthquake of 11th march 2011 is the strongest in
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This is because if the research is conducted properly and thoroughly, it could provide findings, which could be useful to several potential users, including experts involved in contingency planning, damage control as well as direct victims of terrorist activities.
For instance, the United States alone recorded losses of approximately 1 billion dollars weekly as a result of hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tornadoes. Regardless of the location of the natural disaster in the world, it is of paramount importance to device means of planning for the natural hazards.
It has been observed that poor population of the world suffers more when any natural disaster strikes the world. Natural disasters especially floods have been the source of disrupting the lives of millions of people each year. 90 percent of the death occurred due to natural disaster that take place in the developing where poverty and lack of resources increase the suffering of people.
(2) Floods which may occur in an assortment of ways. (a) Including any of the above weather conditions which may deposit an excessive amount of rain fall. (b) Earthquake. And (d) a levy or dam breach. (3) Earthquakes and related events. (a)Tsunami, (b) landslides, (c) flooding and (d) fires.
Nowadays the natural disasters like floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcano, Tsunamis etc. generate ever increasing news coverage throughout the several regions of United States .The huge damages are incalculable whether it is human life or it is in property.
ective in the world, leaving the population open to diseases like malaria, diarrhoea and other diseases due to the lack of clean drinking water and proper sanitation. Malnutrition was another cause for worry. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United States of America
It is during times of natural disasters that the element of solidarity in humanity surfaces. Floods, hurricanes, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, forest fires, famine, and droughts are examples of natural disasters, which have adverse effects on
Different version of narratives has been said concerning the floods. Most of these stories also try to solve the riddle concerning the origin of the Sumerians as they were forgotten until the nineteenth century, when their deciphered and writings
In the region under study, the Eurasian plate which carries Japan and its volcanoes thrust over the Philippine Sea plate. The boundary between the plates crack and fracture as the two plates slip past each other in the subduction process. This is the reason there
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