Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
From the essay "Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies," it is clear that scramble for African states by European powers was projected towards exploitation of the continent although the colonizers posed as explorers. The capitalists exploited the resources that the continent could offer…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.8% of users find it useful
Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies"

Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Introduction The scramble of African s was a period, which was characterized with rapid colonization of the continent by European superpowers during the 19th century. The colonization was rapid as every European country intended to take a hold of a country in the African continent. This period was also characterized with annexation, occupation as well as invasion of the African countries (Iweriebor). Due to the existing political in addition to economic rivalries between the European empires, the only way the European nations managed to avoid warring over Africa was to partition the continent. The main colonizing powers include Britain, France, and Germany with France managing to control much of the Western Africa and Britain controlling much of Eastern and Southern parts of the continent. However, there were different reasons behind the scramble, the main ones being exploration and capitalism.
Body - Exploration
Exploration or expedition was one of the main reasons behind colonization of African states as the Europeans were making numerous trips to Africa in the 19th century. During this century, European expedition of African countries was pronounced and attributed to different aspects. One of the facts that encouraged exploration was the establishment of the African Association in 1788 by wealthy Englishmen (Boddy-Evans). These Englishmen wanted to find the course of Niger River as well as the city of Timbuktu. While exploration continued, the goals changed as the Europeans started recording details concerning goods, markets as well as the resources of the wealthy philanthropists who used to finance the exploration trips. The ability to colonize the African countries was boosted by the military, social, and economic evolutions that were taking place in the European countries.
The other factor that contributed towards the scramble for Africa included capitalism. Capitalism was triggered by end of the slave trade between Europe and Africa, which mostly took place at most African countries’ coastlines. End of the trade left a gap for commerce between the two continents. Since the capitalists had benefited from slave trade, they intended to exploit the continent in different ways such as encouraging the continent to agree to a ‘legitimate’ trade that could eventually lead to colonization (Boddy-Evans). Capitalists identified potential markets for goods that would be exported from Europe and plotted the course of trade routes that would be used when ferrying goods from Europe to African countries. These routes could also be used to transport raw materials from Africa to Europe. They also used the African workforce to work on plantations, which mostly grew cash crops that were the main raw materials for manufacturing other goods. Such crops included coffee, rubber, timber, sugar and palm oil. Since the colonizers wanted to exploit the labor in the African countries, they resulted to colonizing these countries. This implies that economic reasons were the main contributors to the scramble for Africa as well as exploitation of the raw materials present in these regions.
In conclusion, the scramble for African states by European powers was projected towards exploitation of the continent although the colonizers posed as explorers. The capitalists exploited the resources that the continent could offer including human resources and raw materials that they used to manufacture goods meant for the African market. Although exploration and capitalism contributed towards the scramble, the real reasons were economic related.
Works Cited
Boddy-Evans, Alistair. What Caused the Scramble for Africa? 2014. Web, 16 Apr. 2014.
Iweriebor, Ehiedu E. G. The Colonization of Africa, 2011. Web, 16 Apr. 2014. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Essay”, n.d.)
Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Essay. Retrieved from
(Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Essay)
Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Essay.
“Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies

British Imperialists' Motives in Scramble for Africa

...actors .Thus, the motives of British imperialism in scramble for Africa can be grasped within its international context, particularly with reference to the rivalry with France and Russia (e.g. the Eastern question). REFERENCES: Baumgart, Winfried (1982). Imperialism: The Idea and Reality of British and French Colonial Expansion,1880-1914. Trans. Winfried Baumgart. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hobson, J.A. (1902). Imperialism: a Study. New York: Cosimo (2005). Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich. (1916). Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism. Date accessed 14/3/2011. Hopkins, A.G. (1986). “The Victorians and Africa: A Reconsideration of the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Acquisition Team

...?Running head: Acquisition Team Acquisition Team Insert Insert Insert 17 October Acquisition Team Introduction The term acquisition, which is the improved version of procurement, was adopted in 1970, and remains a characteristic and parcel of Department of Defense (DoD) contracting activities (Engelbeck, 2002). Acquisition is part of Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) that was established in 1984. primarily, acquisition constitutes a process that functions and bears results based on interdependence and cooperation of various aspects in the contracting process (Engelbeck, 2002). Furthermore, acquisition...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Acquisition Reform

...? Acquisition Reform Acquisition Reform The Defense department is one of the major sectors in the United s. It is oneof the largest consumers of the US budget. On the other hand, the economic aspects of the US depend on the defense actions of the country. The nation’s defense power is directly proportional to the economic performance of a nation. Now, it is evident that there exists mutual dependency between the US military and the economic performance of this country (Dirk, 1994 p. 89). In this context, it becomes logical to evaluate the eminent relationship between them. Therefore, the defense department depends so much on the economic sector of the American population. The military’s economic...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Acquisition Strategy

...? Acquisition Strategy Acquisition Strategy Business acquisitions entail the process by which different companies within the same industry combine through the buying or selling of their entities. This enables them to foster regional growth without having to expand by opening new branches. This process of acquisition covers the three major aspects of business economics, which includes management, corporate finance and the corporate strategy. All these fields of business interact while conducting their business practices, whilst evaluating the need for an acquisition. Acquisitions normally occur when a big company buys the business premises of a smaller company within the same industry. Upon acquisition, the two involved companies... ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...Colonization Nature of Colonists The nature of colonizers border on their innate capa to lead; the way they choose centralization of power (one world) over equality of resources but then adhere to social order. They may want prestige, money and power, yet people still gain significantly from them, further hastening their growth as one community. In Jamestown Settlement, Captain Smith’s integrated leadership paved the way to a successful colony. Captain Smith’s principle in colonization was no different from that of Bradford’s and Winthrop’s. They came upon by chance of believing in one authority that disperses “equality.” The three of them believed in the divine providence. However, each of them had their own resources, ways... Nature of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Discuss any two major factors that contributed to the scramble for and acquisition of African colonies in the late nineteenth-century

...Major factors that contributed to the scramble for and acquisition of African colonies in the late 19th century s: Scramble for Africa was the begging of colonization of the African continents at large the by European powers this was characterized by the following factors; political, economic and social factors. Africa was divided into the following major parts and colonized different European countries, East Africa- by the British; Central Africa was colonized by Belgium, South Africa by the British and West Africa by France. Factors that lead to scramble and partitions of Africa Social factors The Europeans wanted to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Africana studies final assignment

... Factors that contributed to scramble and acquisition of African colonies The scramble for Africa, also known as race for Africa was the invasion, occupation and colonization, and later annexation of Africa by European powers, during the late 19th century. This was marked by the new imperialism period that transpired between 1881 and 1914.This happened due to what the European powers were facing evolution in the field of economics and military and numerous changes in social ways of life. Before the scramble, that is 1880s, only small part of Africa was under European rule. These areas were next to big rivers and coastal regions. Thereafter, the European powers struggled to create a sphere of influence for themselves in Africa... . These...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Scramble and Acquisition of African Colonies

...The scramble and acquisition of African Colonies Introduction Since the late nineteenth century, Africa was being colonized by European powers who divided it as a pie. They were aware of its decolonization but paid less attention to the possibility. The European countries that colonized Africa were Italy, Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Portugal and Spain. Their colonization of Africa was because of power struggles and competition for supremacy in Europe. The scramble was a rapid colonization of the African continent after the European powers acquired colonies in 1880-1900. The scramble was pushed by...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Network Acquisition

...Network Acquisition affiliation Network Acquisition Network acquisition occurs when a company merges with or is taken over by another it accepts to collaborate with another. An example of network acquisition would be Google and other companies. It is a case where the company has bought another company and thus there is a need to merge or integrate the company’s network with the existing one. In this case, our company being the dominant partner in the merger has control over the IT merger process and consequently a great advantage over the business and political decisions. Project acquisition is in itself a specific and crucial process when working with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Network Acquisition

...Full Paper Network Acquisition The requirement of initiation phase triggers when a certain business process needs improvements or enhancements by implementing an application that is based on information technology. However, the decision for initializing business phase is determined by the management. Moreover, the project plan incorporates three rationales, which are defined below (Lester, 2013): Classify and categorize the deficiency in a specific business process in order to improve business functions for the betterment of an organization In order to support the first rationale, identification is required of considerable hypothesis and restraint for the solutions that must met the criteria In order to secure the requirements... Paper...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies for FREE!

Contact Us