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Economic and Political Motives for European Expansion into Africa - Essay Example

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The European powers expanded into Africa, with the exemption of Ethiopia and Liberia. The essay "Economic and Political Motives for European Expansion into Africa" analyzes economic motives of colonialism into Africa which included; desire for resources, trade, wealth and cheap labor…
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Economic and Political Motives for European Expansion into Africa
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Economic and Political Motives for European Expansion into Africa

Download file to see previous pages... Missionaries persuaded their respective European governments to colonize Africa and thereby provide a supportive environment for the expansion of commerce. European powers used mineral exploitation, large-scale agricultural production, mixed economies as well as the supply of labor as modes of economic activity to generate revenue in colonial Africa. The major political reason that led to European expansion in Africa was political rivalries between the countries. England and France loathed one another for a considerable length of time due to the infamous hundred year’s war, and they both wanted to outdo each other in Africa. Nonetheless, the race for power was not limited to France and Britain. Other European nations wanted to benefit as well. Nationalism was popular among most western European nations as each nation wanted to be strongest. Nationalism is a strong identification with and pride in one's nation.This resulted in competition between European powers leading to wars. This competition made most nations to acquire more territories to uphold the spirit of nationalism in order to be seen superior than other nations. The strategy was another political reason for colonization of Africa. Most European countries were keen to maintain control of specific territories for strategic reasons. The British considered that South Africa offered a useful stop for ships on their way to India. Besides, the Suez Canal in Egypt significantly created a much shorter route between the UK and her colonies further east. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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