StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle East - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The US and Soviet Union’s relationship during the Cold War Era marked approximately 40 years of competing policies for hegemony in the Middle East (Reich & Gotowicki, 1994). The Cold War rivalry between the US and the Soviet Union took centre stage in the Middle East and…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle East
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle East"

Download file to see previous pages The impact is usually characterised as the Israeli-Arab conflict which is not only attributed to super and world power intervention during the Second World War, but perpetuated and exacerbated by US and Soviet intervention during the Cold War Era (Azar, Jureidini & McLaurin, 1978). During the period from the Second World War to the end of the Cold War, the Middle East has been a cauldron of tensions and conflicts with major conflicts primarily concentrated around the Israeli-Arab conflict (Shlaim, 1996). Using the balance of power theory, this paper will analyse how and to what extent US and Soviet policies in the Middle East produced and/or contributed to these conflicts. These conflicts are arguably the main impact of US and Soviet policies in the Middle East.
The classical balance of power theory argues that states align their allies and interests in the creation of an international system that ensures that no state is possessed of “overwhelming power” or dominancy over other states (Chatterjee, 1972, p. 51). The modified version of the balance of power theory is more appropriate to studies of Soviet and US relations and their policies in the Middle East. In this modified version of the balance of power theory, each of the super powers aligned their allies and interest in the Middle East as a means of preventing the spread and influence of the other super power in the region and globally (Walt, 1985).
Under the modified version of the balance of power theory, competing states respond to one another in that when one state pursues hegemony aggressively through alignment with other states, the competing state will attempt to match that aggressive alignment (Walt, 1985). The US and the Soviet Union persistently attempted to “balance against aggregate power” (Walt, 1985, p. 35). As Walt (1985) explained, the US and the USSR saw each other as the “other’s greatest potential threat” and devoted their ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1625195-what-was-the-impact-of-soviets-and-american-policies-on-the-middle-east
(What Was the Impact of Soviets and American Policies on the Middle Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1625195-what-was-the-impact-of-soviets-and-american-policies-on-the-middle-east.
“What Was the Impact of Soviets and American Policies on the Middle Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1625195-what-was-the-impact-of-soviets-and-american-policies-on-the-middle-east.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle East

Middle East Politics

...?Middle East Politics The intrinsic relationship between religion and politics is greatly exposed by the developments in the Middle Eastern Politics and it is widely accepted that religious ideologies have been the basic factors affecting political ideologies in the region. There has been a long-lasting conflict in the Middle Eastern Politics between the ideology of Arab nationalism and the ideology of Islamic revival, which has incongruously added fuel on to the burning fire in the politics of this region. Significantly, the ideology of Arab nationalism was developed in the 1950s and 60s under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and the Ba’ath Parties of Syria...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

EU&Middle East

... and the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council.”2007. Web. 18 January 2011. http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/external_relations/relations_with_third_countries/middle_east/r16002_en.htm 11. Insel, Aysu and Tekce, Mahmut. Econometric analysis of the bilateral trade ows in the Gulf Cooperation. Marmara University, FEAS, 2010. 12. Kawach, Nadim. “EU urged to sign free trade deal with Gulf states” 2009 Emirates Business (Tuesday, September 29, 2009). Web. 18 January 2011. 13. Keet, Marijke. “EU Policies Towards the Middle East”. Web. 18 January 201. http://www.meteck.org/eume.pdf 14. Reuters, D.E. (2005, April). Gulf Arabs, EU aim to renew trade talks in May. Times of Malta. Com. Web. 18 January 2011... ?The Key International Trading...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Impact of Colonialism on the Middle East

...power granted independence to their territories. Russia is another example of European imperialism that is stretched across half the world along its longitudinal axis. 3-US IMPERIALISM As said by the Historian Donald W Mening, imperial behavior for the US dates at least to the “LOUISIANA Purchase” which he described as an Imperial acquisition; imperial in the sense of the gaining control over the territory of another, resulting in the subjugation of the people to alien rule. The US policies towards the Native Americans were designed to remold them into a people more appropriately conformed to imperial desires. IIThe Unites States had been the dominant world power over the Middle...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Grand Alliance after World War II

...unexpected. The seeds of suspicion sown on both sides and the anxieties of a cooperative post-war worldview resulted in the exaggerated misinterpretation of the motivations of the adversarial ideologies. At the foundation of the split in the Grand Alliance was the mutual fear that each adversary had expansionist policies as its driving force behind their foreign policy. While the Soviets professed a desire for coexistence and cooperation, the West discounted these attitudes and instead focused on Soviet demands for influence in the Near East, Middle East, and Far East (Roberts 21). The United States...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Middle east

...Middle East Water has been considered a major factor that has contributed to the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Although oil andscarcity of land has been attributed to the conflict, water remains to root cause of the conflict. Since the creation of the Israeli state, conflicts between the Palestinians have concentrated on Gaza and West Bank (Gabbay, 2004). The main reason why Israel has maintained disputed settlements in Gaza and West Bank is the need to control water resource in the region. The Middle East and North Africa are the driest regions in the world despite having massive oil resources. Middle East is a desert region and thus it receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Israel is characterized... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Middle east

...Effects of Gas/Oil Production of the Middle East over the Past 50 Years Some of the main oil producers in the Middle East include Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Iran. Oil production is said to run almost everything and the production endeavors of these three nations has greatly influenced their success for the last couple of decades (Stevens 6). In these three countries, for instance, the countries has seen an improvement in their international relations with some of the most influential countries of the world such the United States, Britain, Germany and Russia among others. Russia, in particular, has made huge investments in Saudi Arabia to ensure that the future of oil...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Middle east

...the real strength of this group to intrude into the internal politics of some nations in the Middle Eastern context. For instance, the border areas of Iraq and Syria became under the direct control of this group. Besides, the leaders began to recruit foreigners in the name of Jihad. Besides, this group played an important role in Syrian Civil War by capturing cities in Syria and establishing their own mode of governance. In the present condition (say, in 2014), this group is known as the Islamic State (IS). This final transformation proves the real aim of this group, i.e. the ultimate aim to form an Islamic Caliphate in the Middle Eastern context. IS’s impact on regional events in the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Foreign Policies in the Middle East - 1750

...Foreign Policies in the Middle East - 1750 The Middle Eastern foreign policies are among the most complex policies found anywhere in the world. Policymakers in this region have much internal autonomy in policymaking. But, Middle East is a region which has been plagued quite often with issues like instability and terrorism. This is why many opinion that this region is crowded with unstable states each of which is encountered with different challenges. This turbulence or insecurity plays a big role in shaping foreign policies. Many different labels have been given to these...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Foreign policies in the Middle East

...This research paper aims to scrutinize these policies as quantitatively as possible with the assistance of modern research. It also serves to explain why foreign policies in Middle East are so hugely affected by religion. Though there is a mix of factors which influences Middle East foreign policies, the factor of religion has been never left out. Religion is a very powerful means of controlling or shaping the image of Middle East. In addition, the article will explain other factors that nations consider when formulating foreign policies To achieve the goals of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Middle East

...Middle East: Women’s Rights and Veiling Practices Muslim women veil for different reasons. Drawing on the articles above, explain two different meanings for veiling. Be sure to provide an explanation of the foundation of each perspective. Why do various interpretations of veiling practices exist? The common meaning regarding veiling assumes a religious basis whereby according to Koran female gender ought to conceal their beauty except to certain people who include husbands and close members (Asser, 2006). Mostly, this to shun those of opposite gender sinning, which is utterly prohibited by Koran thus adherents especially women have no option but to comply (Asser, 2006). This perspective mostly refers to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What was the impact of Soviets and American policies on the Middle East for FREE!

Contact Us