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In the second case, the EU also passes a (fictitious) directive on the right of all residents to high speed broadband by Jan 2014. This includes the duty to replace all existing broad band connections with modern connections to the new fibre optic system. The Directive is to be implemented by Member States by July 2013. The UK Statutory Instrument implementing the directive says that ‘all connections within private buildings will be replaced with modern connections.’ The connections are being changed by a subcontractor; Sparky Ltd. Sparky has been given a wide discretion as to how they complete the job as long as they are finished by December 2013. They are given details of all current broadband users so that they can contact them to arrange changing the connections. Martin’s small IT business leases part of a building used by the local secondary school. This is a public building. Sparky therefore refuse to replace the connections as they are only required to replace connections in private buildings. As a result, Martin loses business to operators who are able to offer high-speed broadband.
The EU law should be able to assist both Bob and Martin. In the case of Bob, the regulation passed by the EU requiring that current copper wire network gets replaced with fibre optic cable by December 2013 is a type of EU law that is directly effective. Worth noting, however, is that the responsibility to enforce the EU regulation does not rest exclusively with the EU. EU law does not just come up with legal rights and obligations for member states; this was famously said by the Court during the Van Gend Loos case that obligations are also imposed. According to the legal system developed by the treaties of EU, a distinction is made between national and international law; the reason the system is in existence is because it was created by member states through
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He claims Mexico and US responses to the violence (i.e. more troops, police and increased boarder control) are ineffective at dealing with the ‘drug issue’ because drug prohibition is the cause of the violence, e.g. it drives the drug market underground.
Outline Introduction An Argument against Decriminalizing or Legalizing Drugs History of US Drug Laws Current Fallout from Drug Laws - Why we need to Decriminalize/Legalize Hard Drugs Proposed Changes, Alternatives or Modifications to the Current System Examination of Successful Programs Elsewhere Conclusion Introduction In the United States, there is much debate about whether or not to decriminalize drugs.
While not minimizing its achievements, the IOM report notes that PEPFAR imposes limitations upon its own potential through faulty budget and resource allocation framework, on the one hand, and its failure to allow local agencies and partners, comparative and constructive autonomy, on the other.At present, PREPFAR allocates a mere 20% to prevention and, in further constraint upon the ability and capacity of local agencies to combat the spread of AIDS, precisely articulates the prevention strategies which have to be implemented. Accordingly, it allocates a third of the prevention budget to abstinence programs, even though the latter may not be relevant within the cultural and societal environments of some of the PEPFAR target countries.
I personally take a stand to make drugs legal on the issue, and my thinking goes to reflect the stand made by United States which is captured in this statement ""United States was the creation of men who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor's pursuit of happiness" (Vidal 385). I totally agree with this view, which guarantees that a person can act and think with freedom until it interferes with someone else's freedom.
The easy availability of drug makes the abuse easy. Even though it is illegal it is easily available. The highly addictive nature of the drug is the major problem.
Research has found that the majority of Americans have tried an illicit drug before graduating from high school. Drug abuse remains a major problem as it is directly linked to crime. Research has found that Drug users are more prone to
As human society progressed and gained a more scientific understanding of how drugs affect our body, we were able to learn how to synthesize synthetic versions of the drug. Some of these were deemed for medicinal
It has been pointed out that the majority especially teenagers engaged both in licit and illicit drugs negatively as an experimental activity only to develop persistence in attitude until consumption distorts the mentality and life in general.
In the chapter, there is also coverage on the history of drug and use. The section shows reasons in the past for the drug use. The chapter also addresses the challenges that exist in determining the extent of drug use. One of the reasons stated is
With the increasing trend numerous states have developed law that hinder the access of prescribed drugs. The laws provide for both abusers and medical practitioners (Trust for America’s Health 1). Moreover, the laws are
The author states that a group of Colombians connects to Chinese counterfeit market to launder money for illegal drug traffickers in the United States, Europe, and Asia. This money travels through many places disguised in companies’ names and involve exchanges that make it hard to link it with the drugs.
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