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The majority called Hutu and the minority the Tutsi. Tutsi held the majority of the political power despite their small population as compared to the Hutu.
In 1984, the Germans became the first colonial power in Rwanda. They realized that the Tutsi had light skins, and they were tall. To the Germans, the characteristics resembled Europeans hence they favoured them in issuing responsibilities. The First World War made the Germans lose their colonies including Rwanda (Mamdani, 2001). Belgium took over Rwanda and introduced the identity cards. The Tutsi continued to receive favour from the Belgians, leaving the Hutu behind. the Belgians gave the Tutsi leadership positions which made the majority of the population, the Hutu terribly angry. However, during Rwanda’s’ struggle for independence, the Belgians made the new self-dependent government in the hands of the Hutu. This further increased the tension between the two ethnic communities.
In 1994, the year which the genocide took place, President Habyarimana while coming back from Tanzania, was assassinated. A surface-to-air missile shot the presidents plane killing everyone on board. This made the Hutu extremely angry, and within 24 hours of the assassination the slaughter had started. In Kigali, the Hutu blocked the roads and interrogated the road users. They were supposed to produce their identity cards to prove that they were Hutus. The Tutsi were killed instantly. The killings were done by the use of clubs, machete and knives. The Hutu youths who doing the killings called themselves interahamwe, this means those who strike as one.
They also went after the government officials who were Tutsi and the Hutu officials who supported the Tutsi (Mamdani, 2001). This included the prime minister. Ten Belgians UN peacekeepers tried to protect the prime minister and were killed in the process. The Tutsi started running towards the hills
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It basically aimed to influence all the countries of the world through economic progress, social security and international law. Presently it has 192 Member states which have to follow the rules laid down by the UN in the general assembly along with 5 permanent states and 10 non permanent states in the Security Council.
Gourevitch was dispatched in Rwanda on May of 1994 just a month after the Rwandan Genocide broke out. Perhaps, he was the first one–foreigner at that–to have set foot in Rwanda. His first-hand experience made his in-depth story very compelling. Gourevitch’s close encounter with the head of the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPF), the 53-year old Major General Paul Kagame, made the story more interesting.
One of the most outright and horrific displays of this destructive force was seen in the German treatment of the Jewish race before and during the Second World War. These events were part of the holocaust, associated with the Nazi notions of racial superiority especially in contrast with their notion of Jewish inferiority.
One of the most infamous crimes of genocide of recent years is the Rwandan genocide of 1994. The number of people who died in the genocide puts the Rwandan genocide of 1994 as one of the highest in recorded history. The Rwandan genocide of 1994 illustrates humanity at one of its worst.
The population aligns with Christianity, Islam, or Traditional African religions.
The Hutus were small-scale agriculturists whose socio-political structure was based on the clans. The head of the clans were Kings, or Bahinza. The Bahinza were regarded as deity-like figures and derived their status from this belief.
All of these steps are horrible and gruesome, but their ultimate acting together forms the horrible scene that is genocide. The steps of genocide can also be shortened to four more direct steps, as decided by the United Nations in 1948. This definition of genocide narrows the steps down to "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
This means that 10 years down the line, close to three point five million lives were lost.
The genocide was a case of ethnic hatred and segregation. The government had been taken over by the Interahamwe militias. This group believed that the majority tribe which was the Hutu tribe was the only one with a right to live.
This paper intends to retrace the failures of these countries in preventing the bloody genocide that killed almost a million Rwandans in an effort to gain knowledge for future study on the catastrophic effects of supreme political greed.
As we browse deeper into the annals of our history, we cannot simply dismiss the fact that man has taken the ultimate pride and joy in another one's downfall.
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
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