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Less than seventy-five years after the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was at war with itself, for four long and brutal years. The road to the American Civil War was thus a relatively short one. During the years leading up to cont - Essay Example

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The American Civil War was a bloody point in American politics that exposed the country’s soft underbelly with the concepts of freedom and equality as well as their association with immigrant blacks. States in the North and South had long held diametrically opposed positions…
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Less than seventy-five years after the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was at war with itself, for four long and brutal years. The road to the American Civil War was thus a relatively short one. During the years leading up to cont
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The American Civil War The American Civil War was a bloody point in American politics that exposed the country’s soft underbelly with the concepts of freedom and equality as well as their association with immigrant blacks. States in the North and South had long held diametrically opposed positions on this crucial debate, but the uneasy union survived at least until the election of Abraham Lincoln as president who was against slavery but not abolitionist (Kidwell 2000, 171). This forced the Deep South States to secede calling for Lincoln’s intervention to save the union. This paper shall seek to establish the abolition of slavery in the North, Lincoln’s election and subsequent intervention to save the union as the landmark moments in the lead up to the civil war.
The gradual abolition of slavery in the North increased the ideological gap between the North and the South further. The New Hampshire constitution of 1783, for instance, stated that children were born free. On the other hand, Rhode Island made a legislation that provided for the slow extension of the freedoms of the slaves (Francis 2001, 158). These northern industrialized states derived limited economic value from slave labor, unlike the agricultural south for which slavery was the lifeblood of the economy. This was fertile ground for conspiracies of an impending economic domination of the North over the South to sprout.
The election of Lincoln as President in November of 1860 was also a crisis point in the slavery debate. Lincoln was against slavery although reports suggest that he kept some himself. Consequently, this led to the secession of the Deep South States just before his inauguration. His efforts to re-unite the confederacy did not stand a chance despite using negotiations, and so he resolved to call forth volunteers to fight it out with the South. In the long run, this proved to be an important and correct decision since the United States was not divided.
Lastly, the foremost among the reasons that sparked the Civil War was Lincoln’s resort to military means to re-unite the Union. The war was at first expected to be a straight-forward issue but the Deep South States and their allies put on a brave fight (McPherson 2000, 235). The war was at last resolved after a parade of surrenders among Confederates weakened them substantially.
By and large, the American Civil War mainly focused on slavery. However, the several disputes that surrounded it, among them abolition of slavery in the North, the election of Lincoln and a military resolution to secession were proxy conflicts for a much lager issue that was slavery. Lincoln is today held as a model president for the decisions he made at this crucial moment. It’s hard to argue against him either since as time has proven all people are equal and they deserve at the very least the freedom to decide their own destinies.
Bibliography
1. Francis, Robert. 2001. Slavery during the civil war in the confederacy. New York. McGraw Hill Publishers. p 156-169
2. McPherson, James. 2000. Ordeal by fire: The civil war. New York. McGraw hill Publishers. p 234-256
3. Kidwell, Clara. 2000. “The Choctaws in Mississippi after 1830”. Choctaws and Missionaries in Mississippi, 1818-1819. Oklahoma University Publishers. Pg 171 Read More
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