Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper "Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2" discusses that Joseph set about building the people of diverse nationalities into a cohesive nation, himself as a supreme autocrat. He was a dedicated ruler and expected his subjects to be service-oriented and sincere. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2"

Frederick II was devoted to his country and expected the same type of devotion from his people. Some of the domestic reforms initiated and implemented by him were:
1. Consolidation of power by providing to the territorial princes a place in the bureaucracy of the government.
2. Press freedom and universal religious tolerance.
3. Legal processes streamlined; fast track justice; torture abolished. All death sentences were to be carried out with his personal approval only.
4. Learned judges were appointed to the courts.
5. Established the first German law code
6. Built thousands of miles of roads and agricultural reforms were introduced.
Enlightened Despot: Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790)
Joseph was free from the class of ethnic biases and promoted officials on the basis of their merit. He made German the compulsory language of the Empire. The important reforms initiated by him were:
1. Terminated the Catholic policies and introduced sweeping trends of “Enlightenment.”
2. Patronised German culture and Austrian dignity.
3. Reduced government spending; built public parks.
4. Confiscated a great deal of Church property and utilised its proceedings for the welfare of people. He was the friend of the common man and took steps to improve their standard of living.
5. Encouraged music and supported Mozart and his contemporaries. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 Essay, n.d.)
Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 Essay. Retrieved from
(Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 Essay)
Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 Essay.
“Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2

LASA 2/2

...?The Case For, or Against, New Orleans Part A The Economics of New Orleans: New Orleans is one of the main ports of the United s and it is the biggest city in the state of Louisiana. It is a very significant state for the country both financially and economically. “Strategically located near the mouth of the Mississippi River, New Orleans was one of the busiest ports in the U.S, serving more than 6,000 ocean-going ships annually” (Gagne, 2007, p.2). About 20% of all US exports are done via New Orleans, and furthermore, Louisiana is home to an important amount of natural gas and domestic oil production with a key access point for imported oil. “The port generated 107,000 jobs, with over $2 billion in earnings. In addition, thirty percent...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment


... of opinions and the different perspectives of the members facilitate critical analysis of the evidences that is not only unbiased but also reasserts the democratic and fair value of the legal system. The upholding of the view point of the majority reaffirms the fairness of the judgement that is reached. It is therefore, important that the jury continue to play their part in the crown court with sincerity and knowledge based decisions. Reference Explaining the Responsibilities of the Jurors. Available from: [Accessed 2 February 2008]. Crown Court. Available from: [Accessed 2 February 2008].... A The Crown Court system in England and Wales was created under the courts Act of 1971, replacing the various Crown Courts of Liverpool, Manchester ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Lithuania Table of Contents Lithuania 3 Overview of Economy 3 Trends 4 Alternative measures of the economic well-being 4 References 5 Lithuania Lithuania is an Eastern European country. It shares its border with Russia and Latvia. Moreover there is Baltic Sea on the western side of the country. Till March, 1990 the country was a part of Soviet Union. On March 11, 1990 it declared its independence. Today, the country is a member of both EU and NATO. In 2009 the total population of the country was almost 3,331,194 (U.S. Department of State, December 2009). Government of Lithuania is democratic nature. Dalia Grybauskaite is the current president and Andrius Kubilius is the prime minister of the country. Overview of Economy Prior... Table of...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Reforms by Frederick the Great of Prussia and by Emperor Joseph II of Austria

...Reforms made by Frederick the Great of Prussia Transformed Prussia from a European backwater to an economically & politically strong. Canals were built, including between the Vistula and the Oder, swamps drained for agricultural cultivation, and new crops. 2. Revamped system of indirect taxes, which brought more revenue to the state than direct taxes. 3. Stabilized the rates of depreciated coins. The depreciation occurred as a result of 7-year war and the gaining of Silesia. 4. Continued the work of his predecessors to consolidate power by giving the territorial princes a place in the governmental bureaucracy. 5. Established universal religious toleration and granted freedom of the press. 6. Ensured individual protections by means...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Wk 2 discussion 2

...Week 2 Discussion 2: “Can You Help Me with This “Can You Help Me with This ” Why do you think Ms. Hodges is apprehensive about Ernest being in her classroom? Ms. Hodges is apprehensive about Ernest being in her classroom because, as indicated in the article, “Ms. Hodges has never had students with mild intellectual disabilities in her class and is apprehensive that she will not be able to meet Ernest’s needs” (Rosenberg, Westling, & McLeskey, 2007, par. 2). Ernest was diagnosed with mild intellectual disability where his reading skills were noted to be on a second-grade level; while the instructional materials in Ms. Hodges’ class is commensurate for the seventh-grade level. Which educational practices that she is already implementing...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Week 2 discussion 2

...NASDAQ STOCK MARKET   NADAQ stock market NASDAQ COMPOSITE INDEX YEARLY RETURNS YEAR BEGINNING PRICE ENDING PRICE GAIN OR LOSS PERCENTAGE GAIN OR LOSS 2004 2003.37 2175.44 172.07 8.59% 2005 2175.44 2205.32 29.88 1.37% 2006 2205.32 2415.29 209.97 9.52% 2007 2415.29 2652.28 236.99 9.81% 2008 2652.28 1577.03 -1075.25 -40.54% 2009 1577.03 2269.15 692.12 43.89% 2010 2269.15 2652.87 383.72 16.91% 2011 2652.87 2605.15 -47.72 -1.80% 2012 2605.15 3019.51 414.36 15.91% 2013 3019.51 4176.59 1157.08 38.32% Introduction The NASDAQ stock market is an American securities exchange that is the second largest securities exchange worldwide by market value capitalization after the New York Securities exchange. Started in 1971, the stock market has... STOCK MARKET ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

FDT 2 week 2

...The proponent of the posted thought specifically explicated that border security means keeping illegal immigrants from coming to the United s undocumented. This is an interesting point, because this is just part of the general essential points linked to understanding the idea of border security. However, the author seems to have taken it literally, though I have not seen any mistake about it, but border security could mean more than the idea of understanding the physical boundary. It should significantly tell about the whole issue of security, by which citizens will have to consider their safety and protection. I am convinced that border security means more than just the concept of the legal documentation of people coming... proponent of the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

1.the emperor and the assassin 2.Hero

... Chapter three of the film the emperor and the assassin, is significant in several ways. The film applies Bolla’s theoryof early childhood behavior and influence on personality traits. The queen mother has male children who are fathered by changxin. The king does not know about this but when he knows he orders their death. The king realizes that his real father is the prime minister meaning he is a bastard from Zhao. The Prime Minister Kills changxin who is the traitor and the king recognizes him as his father. When he leaves the king orders that, all his family should be killed since, he is a traitor. The king’s personality developed from his childhood when he was growing up. Chen Kaige’s character analysis can be extended...
1 Pages(250 words)Thesis

Unit 2-2 FM

...Problem solving Problem solving Walgreen is among the largest drug retailing companies in the United s of America. To wordsthe month of May 2014, the company had 8,217 retail stores in 50 states in operation. Walgreen was founded in the year 1901 by Charles R, Walgreen. Walgreen has reported total; Revenue US$ 72.217 billion (2013) Operating income US$ 3.94 billion (2013) Net income US$ 2.45 billion (2013) Total assets US$ 35.481 billion (2013) Total equity US$ 19.454 billion (2013) Calculating the; ROE, net assets/shareholders equity= 13% ROA, net income/ average total assets = 7.1% The profit margin, total revenue/ gross profit = 3% Total asset turnover, average assets/ total assets= 97.2% Equity multiplier, total assets... solving...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


... ERG Theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy The needs of an individual influence the manner of their behavior. The ERG theory by Clayton Alderfer and the Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs by Abraham Maslow, have similarities and differences. One of the similarities of both theories is that they determine that the existence of needs acts as a motivation towards people’s behavior. Another similarity is that the results of the theories ensure the fulfillment of both physical and psychological needs of individuals (Baack, p. 23). In relation to the differences of the theories, the ERG theory determines that there exist three needs as compared to Maslow’s five needs in the hierarchy. Another difference is that the ERG theory considers a random... ERG Theory...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Napolon III Emperor of the French

... election, it is useful to see that Napoleon III was elected for three main reasons: 1. His name was Napoleon. After the inglorious reign of the Bourgeois king Louis Philippe, the horrible reign of Charles X, and the tumultuous reign of Louis XVIII, the French people longed for the glory they had known so well in the days of Napoleon Bonaparte. Men of property saw him as a protector. 2. There had been a large socialist movement during the revolutions of 1848, and many people had feared for the security of their property. 3. He had a clear and published plan for running France, which was outlined in his two books (, 2002). Emperor of the French In Nov., 1852, a new plebiscite overwhelmingly approved the establishment...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Faith and Works - Comparison of James 2:14 and Romans 4

While the apostles James and Paul agree that Faith connotes belief in God and Works connotes good actions, James contends that faith and works are both essential for salvation, while Paul asserts that faith is the only requisite.

James is unequivocal in his declaration that “faith by itself if it has no works, is dead” (2:17). However, he does not discount the importance of faith. His contention is that both are essential and one, without the other, is futile. He is addressing Christians, who, we may assume, are already among the congregation of the faithful, by virtue of their professed belief “that God is one” (2:19). Therefore, James accepts that faith is a precondition for salvation but asser...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

The Swedish Model and the Bureaucratic Problem of Social Reforms

...The Social Democratic The Swedish Model and the Bureaucratic Problem of Social Reforms (Pitt Series in Policy and al Studies) By: Bo Rothstein About the Author Bo Rothstein is a well-known economic analyst who is fond of writing about the different communities and countries making up the world today. It could be observed that his understanding about the history and how the said situations of the past naturally affects the present situations of the said nations. In his book “The Social Democratic State”, he notes the developments that Sweden had been under during the past decades of worldwide economic revolution. It could be noted that what he wrote actually gives a better chance for readers of today to understand how situations...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Socio-Economic Reforms 1830-70

..., hence ten years of his reign (1860-70) have been termed as Liberal Empire.   1. Constitutional reforms: The senate and the Legislative bodies were now given greater powers and they were empowered to hold a debate on the annual address of the Emperor to the legislature. They could also discuss and criticized the policies of his ministers. Thus a very significant step was taken towards establishing a responsible government. 2. Freedom of speech: restrictions on the freedom of speech were removed. Napoleon expected that the measures would make him popular but the result was that all the political parties vigorously criticized his policies. 3. Publication of Parliamentary Debates: full publication of Parliamentary debates was authorized...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Dengs Political Reforms

Furthermore, the common people were allowed to scribble their thoughts about the incumbent government on the famous Beijing Wall. That is why when Deng came to power he was welcomed by most of the people especially the students, but this reaction of the people was short-lived.
Although Deng did believe that political reform was needed for the sustainable growth of the economy, he made it very clear that these reforms could not in any way bring the western-style democracy in. (Gittings, 2006). China’s conservatives even believe that he defined ‘political reform’ in a very narrow manner. For him, political reform meant something that could help the government in keeping the economy stable and hence motivating...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Immigration Reforms and the Effects on the Service Industry

Immigration is significant as a form of human capital because it supplies laborers for jobs that the American public does not wish to take. It also brings a large labor force to support the service industry which relies heavily on human capital and to fill short term needs in industries which have seasonal variations, such as agriculture. The tightening of governmental reforms on immigration causes a large number of vacancies in low skill positions, which means an additional cost for employers who struggle to fill these vacancies.
This case study looks at major immigration reforms through the course of the United States’ history to identify immigration reforms that have shaped employment practices. It seeks to gain kno...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

A Discussion Comparing The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad and The Tempest by Shakespeare

...A Discussion Comparing “The Heart of Darkness” and “The Tempest”   “The Tempest” and “The Heart of Darkness” are the most striking adventurer novels to ever be found in literature . The fact that both novels are written by notable American and British authors only increases the desire to read and compare the  books side by side. While British playwright William Shakespeare wrote “The Tempest” as a play, British novelist Joseph Conrad wrote “The Heart of Darkness” as a straightforward novel . A number of similarities in story line and depiction of themes between the two will become quite evident once one reads the stories from beginning to end.   To begin with, the stories of colonialism is an important theme in both stories. Joseph...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cheryl Strayeds Wild according to Joseph Campbell's Theory about The Hero With a Thousand Faces

...Cheryl Strayed’s Wild according to Joseph Campbells Theory about The Hero With a Thousand Faces Cheryl Strayed corresponds to Joseph Campbell’s theory about the hero. Strayed writes in her book Wild (2012) how she decided to hike over a thousand miles on the Pacific Crest Trait that stretches from Mojave Desert through Oregon and California to Washington State. Campbell’s theory of heroism states how the hero experiences the power and then comes back to help others. Strayed writes the nonfiction inspirational book after completing her impulsive journey, she is a hero. 1. Departure. The Call to Adventure. “A blunder—apparently the merest chance—reveals an unsuspected world” (Campbell 46) There is tremendous correlation between...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

.... Works Cited Acton John Web 1 December 2014 Camp Stephanie “Closer to Freedom Enslaved Women and Everyday Resistance in the Plantation South” Chapter 1 “The Principles of Restraint” Web 2 December 2014 Douglass Frederick “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass An American Slave” Web 1 December 2014 Fredrickson George M. “Big Enough to Be Inconsistent: Abraham Lincoln Confronts Slavery and Race” Chapter 3 “Becoming an Emancipator” Web 2 December 2014
9 Pages(2250 words)Book Report/Review

Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

The natives of the Congo are suffering a lot in the hands of the business having been forced to service the Europeans. Ill-treatment and overwork are the order of the day with the white man’s settlements appearing like islands in the vast darkness that is the jungle (Denby, Paras. 12-19).

Imperialism is an approach to a powerful country extending its authority of a nation by the acquisition of territories or the establishment of political and economic control over the country. Throughout the book, there are actions of powerful countries trying to gain influence and control over the social, economic, political perspectives of the native Africans. The Heart of Darkness describes a period where there are colonialism...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Reforms of Frederick 2 and Emperor Joseph 2 for FREE!

Contact Us