Free

Cold War Politics - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The author examines General Marshall`s military strategy and security policy as a mode of protecting America and Eisenhower`s point of view who does not describe the USA as a nation that is crippled without a security policy rather it is a logical step to safeguard its future…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Cold War Politics
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cold War Politics"

Cold War Politics – Critical Analysis
United States security policy has always been a subject of intense scrutiny due to its interventionist practices and active participation in international conflicts. American soldiers have fought in and for various countries while the American soil itself has been untouched by the spoils of war. The latter has been attributed to the vast ‘sea distance and some errors in the planning of their otherwise prepared opponents’ by General Marshall that he described in his 1945 address concerning common defense. (p. 210)
Following the end of the second Great War, General Marshall made some very profound and epiphantic comments regarding war and US security policy. Calling war a ‘savage human behavior’ the general reiterates the importance of establishing an effective security policy; a term that obviously cannot be used interchangeably with a ‘war policy’. It should be noted that a security policy does not necessarily acts as a cause of war. In fact, war is decided by the quality of interaction between nations and their eagerness to reach an agreement. (p. 209)
General Marshall makes allusions to the World War II to elaborate upon this aspect however, the most interesting point remains that he describes the institution of war from the perspective of Germany and Japan only; the very nations that constituted the opposing side of the Second World War. He states that war is the doctrine of Japan and Germany; the people, who he believes have given a lot of thought to this. Though, his speech was meant to shed light on the lessons that United States learned as a result of the second World War however, comically enough the first half of the speech sounds more or less like an attack on the central powers; the side that not only suffered a humiliating defeat in the great war but were also heavily penalized. Though, the penalty is nothing compared to the number of lives that were lost but stigmatizing an entire nation does nothing to help either.
General Marshall seeks to get approval to shape their military strategy and security policy as a mode of protecting America and its citizens from aggressive nations such as Germany and Japan. He makes several statements that not only implicate Japan and Germany as the sole perpetrators of war but also portrays America as a helpless nation. This aspect of Marshall’s speech depicts that the history of war is in fact framed by its victors that largely portray themselves as the innocent party. Their domination over their opponent is depicted as divine providence that automatically delegates them the worldwide responsibility to uphold justice.
Even just a superficial perusal of the General’s speech, it is quite plain what he is trying to instill in the minds of his listeners. He misses one very strong point that the war was actually an automatic response to the deep-seated resentment instilled in the Germans as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. It was just a continuation of the first Great War due to the inability of the nations to resolve the existing conflicts that later exacerbated the issue and sparked another war. Although, it cannot be denied that Germany and Japan did come off the more aggressive of nations; with the systematic extermination of Jews and Japanese invasion of various territories, but this is definitely not an opportunity to ignite hatred or as an excuse to tighten security measures.
It is important to get civilians to contribute and enhance the manpower of the country to help the gain an upper-hand in a conflict. However, General Marshall holds a very erroneous belief that getting civilians to participate would make it any less of a savage affair. The notion of war is based on the dictum of “kill or be killed”, therefore its doctrine vastly rests upon legalized murder; the individual is not just combating for the sake of his country but also for his survival. Which is why, there can be no complete guarantee that power will not be misused during times of war even if the combatants are civilian-soldiers. However, nevertheless Marshall’s plan of providing military training to every American male can be very helpful in preparing the soldiers in helping them understand the gravity and brutality involved in wars.
General Marshall seeks to warn the Americans about the potential dangers that they might be exposed to in their future and some of his qualms were later backed by Eisenhower’s 1961 farewell address. His exit from the white house and tenure as president were summed up in his farewell speech as he highlights the lessons American society must learn from the events that transpired during his presidency. Unlike General Marshall’s biased and idealistic view on the subject, Eisenhower is more to the point in stating why America needs to have a strong security policy. Eisenhower deems the consolidation of American security as only a logical solution for a country with a number of adversaries that it acquired due to its participation in wars that has ensconced it in a very precarious position.
Hence, a security policy is essential in a world with a “hostile ideology global in scope, atheistic in character, ruthless in purpose, and insidious in method” (p. 248). As America had just begun to open its doors to technological advances, both Eisenhower and Marshall demonstrated the same kind of fear that technology will replace manpower. It was a legitimate alarm as scientific and technological development was seen as a threat to democracy as it would have caused widespread demotivation due to lack of participation in the affairs of the nation. There was a great need to create a balance for it all and not become too dependent upon it as the world had and is still witnessing the disastrous outcome of combining technology with warfare in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Eisenhower had played immense role in putting an end to several conflicts throughout the world and even in his farewell speech, he does not describe USA as a nation that is crippled without a security policy rather it is a logical step to safeguard its future. On the other hand, General Marshall puts forward an entirely different picture of American security as a necessity at the same, stigmatizing Japan and Germany that gives a one-sided view on the matter. Wars and Conflicts are as old as time itself that is why not one nation can be held responsible for devising it and involving citizens is no real assurance that warfare would be a less brutal or bloody event. However, a sound security policy is important nevertheless not only for international security but threats and terrorism on a domestic level also needs a proper policy to be successfully curbed.
Work Cited
Johnson, Michael P. “Reading the American Past”. Bedford Publishers, 4th Edition. 2008. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1590640-deep-critical-analysis-documents-26-1-and-27-5
(Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1590640-deep-critical-analysis-documents-26-1-and-27-5.
“Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1590640-deep-critical-analysis-documents-26-1-and-27-5.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cold War Politics

Soviet Sports and the relation to politics in the cold war

... Athletes are Great!." Saturday Evening Post 227, no. 44: 28-112. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed October 23, 2012). Buckel, Bart A. Nationalism, Mass Politics, and Sport Cold War Case Studies at Seven Degrees. Thesis. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School, 2008. Print. Firsov, Anatoly. "PBS Red Files." Interview. Red Files. PBS, 1999. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. . Keys, Barbara. 2003. "Soviet Sport and Transnational Mass Culture in the 1930s." Journal Of Contemporary History 38, no. 3: 413. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed October 24, 2012). Korbut, Olga. "PBS Red Files." Interview. Red Files. PBS, 1999. Web. 10 Oct. 2012... Studies 26.3 (1974): 322-43. Taylor and Francis, Ltd., July...
25 Pages(6250 words)Research Paper

Cold war

...Cold War Several aspects of the American society had been impacted by the ‘Cold War’ for most part of the second half of the 20th century. As the ‘Cold War’ emerged out of the opposing values fought mostly through propaganda and secret tactics, the global battle for supremacy shifts the balance of power between the United States and democratic countries on one hand, and the Soviet Union and the allied communist nations on the other. This event provided stimulus for continuously sustaining and expanding the U.S. military capability after the end of WWII and to a higher end, remedied the ‘great depression’ by converging to resolve with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cold War

...? Cold War Matt Barras Historical Contexts & Literature Lib 316 Prof. Stiene 27 May Cold War According to diplomatic terminologies, there are three basic types of wars. They include the hot war, warm war and the cold war. The cold war is a term used to illustrate the relation between the Soviet Union and America (1945-1991). The war can be described as the persistent military state and political tension amongst the two states (Leffler, 2008). The Soviet Union and its associates branded the Eastern bloc while the United...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cold War

...-war policies. Keeping the political and economic interests, Truman decided to confront with the expansionist Russia from an ideological vantage. He declared that his government would do anything to help the nations of the world to keep their liberty upright. But his intention to contain the communist expansionism lies at the hindsight of this policy. This policy of containment remains the sole baseline of the US policy throughout the whole Cold War. Indeed, all of Truman’s successors, more or less, endeavored to implement his policy of containment in different contexts with measures. Mainly two goals, namely supporting democracy and containment of communism, dominated...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

How did the Cold War shape the American economy, society, and politics from 1945 to 1992

...? Cold War and American Society, Politics and Economy The Cold War that started after WWII was unlike any conventional war. It was not based on face to face combat rather it was one of propaganda. It pitted two economic and political systems against each other with a third and a neutral group watching from the sidelines. On one side was the capitalist US and on the other was the former communist USSR. It had a profound impact on the society, economy and politics of the world in general and America in particular. Racial discrimination was one of the worst problems of American society. Although slavery had...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cold War Politics

...Cold War Politics Introduction: Soon after the World War II was over, the American people found themselves involved in a sternums competition with their one-time war ally, the Soviet Union. In fact the relations of these two powers even during the war were marked by an under-current of mutual distrust and jealousy. The delay in the opening of second front, the secrecy over the Atom Bomb, and refusal to invite the Polish provincial government to San Francisco made Soviet Russia suspicious of America. Similarly the western nations felt Russia had acquired considerable territory by declaring war against Japan at the last...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cold war politics in the truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 ( For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight' D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Comples ( Farewell Address, January 196

...Cold war politics in the Truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex ( Farewell Address) After the end of the Second World War, USA was faced by a new threat -spreading of communism all around the globe. To counter this menace, President Truman introduced the Truman doctrine aimed at containing communism, using aggressive methods. This doctrine not only influenced cold war politics and relations with communist countries but also was a determinant in present-day...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cold War

...Cold War was a unique phenomenon of post WW2 international relations when the two nations, especially the two superpowers: USA; and USSR had developed hostile relations defined by sharp conflicts within political diplomacy and Economic areas. According to Murrin et al. (2011) cold war was not only confined to international relations but it had encompassed myriad aspects of domestic and international conditions which had huge impact on the people at large. He affirms that in international relations, Cold War affects social conditions at the national and local level and may also remain in background and serve as catalyst...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

A. The Cold War affected many aspects of American life beyond foreign policy. How did the Cold War shape the politics, economy, society and culture of the US during the period between 1947 and 1953 (Dont limit yourself to McCarthyism.)

...Impacts of Cold War on U.S. between 1947 and 1953 Although the Cold War had disastrous effects on the Western and USSR countries, the United States emerged as the major beneficiary of this war. This is due to the occurrence of positive changes that occurred in its economic, political, social and cultural aspects after the Cold War. The following essay depicts the positive changes which occurred after the war in the United States, politically, socially, and economically. Economically, after the Cold War the United States experienced a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Viuses are Non-living particles

1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Cold War Politics for FREE!

Contact Us