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Cold war politics in the truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 ( For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight' D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Comples ( Farewell Address, January 196 - Essay Example

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Cold war politics in the Truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 ( For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex ( Farewell Address)
After the end of the Second World War, USA was…
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Cold war politics in the truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 ( For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Comples ( Farewell Address, January 196
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Extract of sample "Cold war politics in the truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 ( For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight' D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Comples ( Farewell Address, January 196"

Cold war politics in the Truman years 1945-1953 - General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War 2 For the Common Defense, 1945) President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex ( Farewell Address)
After the end of the Second World War, USA was faced by a new threat -spreading of communism all around the globe. To counter this menace, President Truman introduced the Truman doctrine aimed at containing communism, using aggressive methods. This doctrine not only influenced cold war politics and relations with communist countries but also was a determinant in present-day American politics.
According to Marshal, the US was underprepared and sick to enter into the Second World War. This was because the country was still in the process of recovering from depression from the First World War. It had weak military force and few military weapons, planes and ships. Moreover, in Pearl Harbor the commander of the fleet failed to ensure the necessary military readiness and the country should not have put nearly the entire fleet in Hawaii. Marshal always thought that Americans were idealistic because of their support for liberal, democratic and egalitarian values (WWII: Preparing for Battle).
Marshal believed in superior air power and persuaded the Congress to allocate funds to modernize the air force along with defense production undertaken by the private sector. He emphasized that all Americans including civilians should be part of the war. Moreover, Marshal thought that universal military training would increase the preparedness of the country in facing the war. The war time can be shortened. However, one of the major disadvantages is that it provides a basis for blind obedience to the state. Marshal believed that it is the true human spirit, the spiritual balance that brings victory and not physical weapons. He insisted that brain power in the US should be utilized to build up strength to safeguard the country. This would, in turn, help the country to become more strong and reliable. Marshal also had reservations about the postwar American society. He worried about the spread of communism in Europe and feared that it would affect the American society that was struggling with the aftereffects of the war.
Edith M. Stern, a social activist in US, was a champion of women’s liberation. She remarked that women are household slaves of their husbands and should be liberated to create a free society. Rosa Parks, another civil rights activist, gained prominence along with Martin Luther King. She is an icon of resistance to racial segregation (Johnson).
“Eisenhower rejected the notion of a ‘fortress America’ isolated from the rest of the world, safe behind its nuclear shield. He believed that active U.S. engagement in world affairs was the best means of presenting the promise of democracy to nations susceptible to the encroachment of Soviet-sponsored communism” (Foreign Affairs). This stand of Eisenhower has similarities with the liberating view points of Edith M. Stern. Both of these personalities believed in liberation. Eisenhower’s theory of resistance also shares similarities with that of resistance methods followed by Rosa Parks. All these attributes of these personalities can be seen in the works of Vance Packard who strived to bring the ill effects and practices prevailing in the American society during that time (Foreign Affairs).
Eisenhower had also warned about the possible dangers that Americans could face in the near future. One among them is the rise of an atheist society that is ruthless and insidious. Moreover, the nexus between the military and the industry which makes arms also gets special mention. He feared that this relationship would create unwarranted influence and would have the potential for a disastrous rise of misplaced power which existed and would persist. He also pointed out that the relative economic abundance had also shaped the ideas and experiences of people living in that era. Government funding had made research and researchers more central, formalized, complex and costly. Domination of the nation’s scholars through federal employment, project allocations and power of money was ever-present. And these had to be gravely regarded (Eisenhowers Farewell Address to the Nation).
Works Cited
Eisenhowers Farewell Address to the Nation. 1961. Web 28 May. 2012 .
Foreign Affairs. 2010. Web May 27, 2012. .
Johnson, Michael. Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents. Volume
II: From 1865. Chicago: Powels Books, 2009. Print.
WWII: Preparing for Battle. 2009. Web 28 May, 2012 . Read More
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