Through the 1980s, pressure on economic downturn formed a fertile ground for riots among Albanian students. The students showed their unanimous support by uniting towards a common goal. Yugoslav security personnel applied force, and thousands of Yugoslavs were imprisoned. Anti-Semitic slogans against Albanians managed to put Milosevic into power. In 1999 NATO began shelling Yugoslav with bombs. At least 800,000 Albanian were forced out of Serbia; their properties were destroyed. Murder, raping amid other crimes continued. In 2001, a new constitution was promulgated which allowed parliamentary elections. In 2004, there were massive mob-attacks on Serbs in Kosovo; nothing was done about it. After four years later, Kosovo was declared independent. In Serbia, independence was hallmarked with violence and political instability.
Even after independence, citizens of Kosovo still held high hopes for the new elected government. The optimism and high hopes people had about the new born Kosovo was unseemly dashed by the government’s unwillingness. Economics issues cutting across all ethnic groups is a massive challenge facing Kosovo. High levels of unemployment still haunt the country. Ideally, the post-independent Kosovo has made their hopes ebb. In sum, post independent Kosovo has not yet matured democratically. For instance, the decision to elect Behgjet Pacolli on 22 February was met by fierce criticism from the opposition. Ideally, the election of Pacolli, which was purely unconstitutional,