We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

European History - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
World War II can never be fully assessed without looking into World War I. Wars have causes and may start only from some various causes. But war may be a continuation from another one where armistice is properly seen as what was between them. This is what can characterize World War I and World War II as perceived by some historians based on events that happened.
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
European History
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
European History

Download file to see previous pages... In the making of the Treaty of Versailles that effectively ended World War I, France chaired the peace conference and saw fit to have Germany, the one who started the war be properly punished and the lands it confiscated returned. Germany signed the treaty but proposed some amendments. Still, the treaty was to the consciousness of Germans a reason to have a score settled and that came in World War II. In the opinions of many, the treaty was too harsh on Germany and France is now being seen in bad light
World War II. In 1939, World War II came, and this lasted until 1945.1 The war spread out to Europe, Asia, Mediterranean and Middle East, Africa resulting in Allied victory where casualties were 62 million, and 37 million of these were civilians and 25 million were military. The two groups that were fighting were the Allies composed of Soviet Union, UK and Commonwealth, USA, France/Free France, China, Poland, and Australia; and the Axis composed of Germany, Japan, Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Vichy France. 2
World War II was a truly global conflict with untold human misery that began on September 1, 1939 when German invaded Poland. Countries that participated in World War I were the same countries involved in World War II. On September 3, 1939 Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany and Canada followed a week later. Meanwhile, the United States joined the conflict in December 1941 after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour.3
Treaties. After World War II, delegates from 21 member countries of the United Nations met in Paris on July 29, 1946, to draft treaties with Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, and Finland.4 Representatives of the United States, Britain, the Soviet Union, and France signed the treaties in Paris on Feb. 10, 1947. Border fortifications as provided in the treaties were to be limited only to keeping internal security. Also, guarantees against racial discrimination and the rebirth of fascist governments were provided for.5 Because of the devastating experiences of war that the nations went through especially in World War II, these two guarantees are understandable. Also, the Balkan treaties provided for free navigation of the Danube.
Demands. At the end of the war, millions were rendered homeless, the European economy had collapsed, and 70% of the European industrial infrastructure was destroyed.6 The Eastern victors exacted payment of war reparations from the defeated nations, and in the Paris Peace Treaty, the enemies of Soviet Union which were Hungary, Finland and Romania, were required to pay $300,000,000 each to the Soviet Union. Italy was required to pay $360,000,000, shared chiefly between Greece, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union.7 Meanwhile, the Western victors in World War II did not demand compensation from the defeated nations. Instead, a plan established by U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall, the "European Recovery Program", better known as the Marshall Plan, called for the U.S. Congress to allocate billions of dollars for the reconstruction of Europe.8 As reflected in Table 1, the breakdown was as follows -




compensation to the wWII victors at 1938 prices
(Tabled by writer ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
European History
However, with the increasing pressure from the Paris Crowd, especially the new revolutionary “Paris Commune,” the Legislative Assembly actually gave in to their demands. As a result, the monarchy was soon abolished altogether. As stated by Furet, “By contrast, 10 August 1792 went further, than the Assembly and forced its hand.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Modern European history (18th century till today)
The period also got characterized with the rise of mercantilism. There religious dominance of the Catholic Church also fell during this period. The history of modern Europe can be understood better as a history of revolutionary changes. The revolutionary events of the period shaped the modern Europe continent (Merriman 212).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
European History / Heart of Darkness
France was already under the dictate of Napoleon Bonaparte during this time who took the opportunity of the French Revolution and installed himself as emperor on the 18th of May, 1804. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the French Royal Family was restored to the throne with the ascension of Charles X's brother, Louis Philippe VXIII and in turn the ascension of Charles X himself in 1824 after the death of Louis Philippe VXIII.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
European History Essay
It shall also discuss the steps of the European Union from the ECSC agreement to what is today. Lastly, it shall discuss prospects for Europe in future. Conventionally, Europe is one of the seven continents of the world, specifically the world's second-smallest continent by surface area.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
European History College Essay
The war left a big trauma and there was no way to repair everything that was destroyed during the War and the October Revolution of 1917. Furthermore, pessimism began to encompass everybody starting from common people (due to unemployment, high inflation, strikes, extensive immigration, poverty, etc.), through artists, writers, philosophers, to politicians and those responsible for the countries' economies.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Modern European History (1789-present)
In the beginning there were two major parties , namely the “Conservative and the Unionist party ,on the one side and the “Tory” on the other side. The Reform Bill of
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
European History
ire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu and English philosopher John Locke, insisted that learning the truth could best be achieved through the use of reason. These philosophers of the Enlightenment Age made numerous significant contributions to science as well as to many other
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
European History
As groups became more fractious, even within the revolutionary movement, Orwell came to comprehend the precarious nature of the revolution and the dangers associated with the Communists and the Stalinists. In the end, he lamented the failure of the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
European history
Just like other nations that have been transformed through revolution, European revolution of the year 1848 formed the basis for the change of major aspects
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Answer two questions about European history
The Second World War had caused a lot of destruction to most European nations hence they were left struggling economically and in terms of security. The Soviet Union’s opposition to the Marshall plan together
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic European History for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us