Jon Locke’s Social Contract Theory and its Compatibility with the Republican Ideologies of Niccolo Machiavelli Admission Number & Number Instructor Introduction Republicanism is a political ideology embraced by the members of a republic…
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These leaders assume their respective positions in government for a specified period of time after which they return to their normal work never to serve the people again. During their tenure in the government, leaders in a republic should serve the interests of the people who elected them at the expense of their personal interests. In any state, republicanism emphasizes on several significant concepts that include dedication to serving the people, advantages of universal political participation, the negative effects of corruption, strict adherence to the rule of law, and the necessity to separate powers. From these concepts, the most significant value that stands apart in republicanism is political liberty. In this case, political liberty transcends the lack of government interference in private affairs to incorporate self-reliance and self-discipline as key determinants of societal wellbeing. Political liberty keeps off the government and its leadership from the private lives of its citizens. The government’s interference with the private lives of its citizens only happens when individual activities threaten the wellbeing of the entire republic. As such, the role of the government in a republic is to protect the entire republic (Duff, 2011). ...
Particularly, the essay explores the extent to which Jon Locke’s social contract theory is compatible with the republican ideologies of Niccolo Machiavelli. Understanding Social Contract Social contract is a convention between humans that aims to discard the state of nature. Under this state of nature, individuals coexist peacefully without the interference by the government and its written rules and regulations. Principles of justice based on individual ability to reason efficiently guide the people’s way of life. These principles include the right to liberty and the right to live. They apply to all individuals regardless of race or ethnicity. Through reasoning, most individuals seek to follow these principles; nonetheless, the lack of written regulations results to challenges especially in the manner at which individuals solve the arising interpersonal conflicts (Maloy, 2009). In times of such conflicts, the state of nature becomes a social contract as individuals seek assistance from the state. To solve these conflicts, the state sets up rules and enforces them prompting the people to pay the state for its role in conflict resolution. In this process, the government sets up legislatures, law enforcement units, and non-partisan judicial systems to protect the right of every individual. This theory explains the processes of forming states and governments. Particularly, this theory focuses on the voluntary provision of information to the government by the people. This is because the government serves the people and it requires accurate information from the people in the process of serving them. Jon Locke’s Social Contract Theory and its Compatibility with the Republican Ideologies of Niccolo Machiavelli In this
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John Locke’s political philosophy spans a wide range of insights and perspectives, perhaps the most central notion is his concept of natural law. Locke’s notion of natural law involves a complex number of elements. While Locke formulated the concept of natural law within a newly imagined perspective, the concept itself has a long precedent in philosophy.
Of course, each political and financial system is based on a relative theory that produces ideology in all terms. Since 1789 with French Revolution, and until say 1989, with the chute of Communism in the Eastern bloc countries, there has been too many change in Europe mainly after Middle Ages and chute of feudalism.
The Communist Manifesto has been seen by some modern thinkers are a “landmark text coalescing the era’s vision for social change” (Krieger & Birn, 1998, p. 1698). Of course, the work is not roundly accepted, and seems to have been defeated in much of the world.
In his time and concerning his immediate history, the great thinker Aristotle believed political thought was frustratingly struggling between two ideological entities and so he proposed a conjoined fetus, named polity. Its parents were democracy and oligarchy, and Aristotle was God giving birth to the new thought from the best parts of both and without the worst parts of either.
The author starts with the political theory that Hobbes has written in 1651 in his masterpiece Leviathan in which he identifies three basic assumptions that Hobbes uses for his political theory. He continues with the theory of Paine that is based on his work the Right of Man where Paine analysis government from a liberal point of view.
Outlined below is a discussion of how liberals believe whether or not the state must be neutral when it comes down to the advancing of advance human excellence, or the values of perfection. The ideas of liberals as will be evaluated are not all the same,
On the theoretical front, there are many proposals and underlying rationales for structuring the government in a variety of ways. As early as the seventeenth century, nearly a century before the French Revolution, the British political philosopher John
Machiavelli also describes the concept of human nature in his book “Prince”. The word person means a mask, actor or a disguise. The book Leviathan which is written by Thomas Hobbes differentiates between a natural person