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Social Contract Theory of John Locke - Essay Example

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The paper "Social Contract Theory of John Locke" the social contract theory of John Locke and to determine how the values identified are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings, values, and principles applied to both venues…
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Social Contract Theory of John Locke
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Download file to see previous pages Bill of Rights; (4) to identify how the principles play out in the criminal justice system and security settings; and (5) to describe freedom in relationship to personal rights and ethical standards and obligations.
Ethics has evolved through time from scholars who delved into philosophical perspectives during the era of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, among others. There is the continuing discussion that an orderly and analytical process of arriving at decisions should encompass highly controversial ethical issues, about which honest differences of opinion are common and self-deceiving rationalization endless is repugnant. From diverse views originating from an array of endeavors, the social contract theories emerged, specifically stemming from the social and legalistic view. The other significant views of ethics history took into account the metaphysical or eternal law view and the religious view (Souryal, 2007).
The social contract theories emerged as a critical element in ensuring peace and order to society. According to Souryal (2007), the social view of the historical origins of ethics recognized that “in virtually all societies—ancient, medieval, or contemporary— people followed certain rules of conduct” (73). Culture and society play a significant role in honing man’s personality which influences the values and preferences that shape decision making in various perspectives of life.
The early promoters of the social contract theories are Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Charles de Montesquieu, whose basic belief in this theory was rooted in determining a collaborative agreement as a necessary component of order in society. The essay hereby aims to examine Locke’s view of the social contract theory in comparison with Hobbes and Montesquieu and determine how the values identified are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings.
“consent is the basis of government. It is because people have agreed to be ruled.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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