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SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY OF JOHN LOCKE - Essay Example

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Under this government, certain rights had to be surrendered, and the government had absolute authority. In return, the government’s job was to protect the people. From the parameter of John Locke, the social contact theory was formulated in a distinct form. He was the one who believed a baby at birth was similar to a blank slate. Giving the baby a variety of experiences was like writing on and filling the slate. These experiences shape the individual and their personality, as they are not born with one. Locke shared the same ideas with other contemporaries like Hobbes, believing that humans give up certain freedoms to have protection through their government.
However, he also believed that human beings good-natured but are corrupted by money, property, and other wealth. Governments were created to correct these inequalities. Overall, this principal in the Enlightenment period had a profound impact on the future, as they brought about new ideas and change. Much of the constitution of the United States is based on the ideas regarding society and government produced by these philosophers. In addition, their effect on criminology was important, as up to this point, mysterious, evil spirits had explained crime. Now, crime was considered an activity engaged in by a human who chose on his or her own free-will to partake in a deviant course of action. This is the fundamental belief of the social contract theory by Locke.
His point in this statement is that everyone must take its steps one

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at a time. Everything should be done carefully with the right time and the right places so that it will be meaningful and productive. He writings made a divergence in different parts of the world.

Summary

During the Enlightenment, several pre-Classical thinkers wrote articles and books that provided society with a new way of viewing criminal activity and laws. Their ideas had a profound effect not only during the enlightenment but on criminology and criminal justice system today…
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